Methods of determining the priority of research projects in the field of development of armament and military equipment
The results of the research published in the article will be useful for researchers and logistic support specialists who are involved in creation of samples of armament and military equipment. The article considers the methodology for the selection and assessment of research projects focused on practical use in planning and implementing innovative processes in the development of armament and military equipment. The methodology establishes a general procedure for forming a list of research projects according to their priority (importance), which must be carried out within the framework of the State Defense Order. The methodology is based on quantitative and qualitative analysis of the expected results of research projects and their purpose. To formalize a generalized indicator of the quality of research results, it is proposed to use a point method for ranking alternatives according to a set of basic criteria. The proposed method is distinguished by a high degree of versatility and flexibility, the ability to form a group or groups of experts with different properties. It has a high degree of adaptability to the influence of various factors of the design environment and the ability to integrate with other scientific methods.
It is shown that the proposed method of assessing the priority of research work can be used in any other branch of science, as well as at the level of individual scientific organizations, not only to assess planned research work, but also for cross-sectoral comparisons, monitoring efficiency scientific activity. The results of forecasting the implementation of the developed methodology for forming a list of priority projects of research topics indicate an increase in research efficiency, accelerated implementation of scientific developments in practice, optimization of research costs in the field of armament and military equipment.
Zaitsev B.F., Lapin B.A. (1970). “Organizatsiya nauchno-tekhnicheskogo planirovaniya”, [Organization of scientific and technical planning], Moscow: Economics, 207 p.
Arkhangelskaya V. N., Kabanova 3. P. (1973). “Avtomatizatsiya planirovaniya nauchnykh issledovaniy”, [Automation of planning scientific research], Moscow: Nauka, 120 p.
Dobrov G. M. (1977). “Prognozirovaniye nauki i tekhniki”, [Forecasting science and technology], Moscow: Nauka, 208 p.
Lakhtin G. A. (1979). “Ekonomika nauchnogo uchrezhdeniya”, [Economics of a scientific institution], Moscow: Economics, 208 p.
Lebedeva Ye. A., Nedotko P. A. (1980). “Programmno-tselevoy podkhod k nauchnym issledovaniyam v SSHA”, [Target-oriented approach to scientific research in the USA], Moscow: Nauka, 296 p.
Lakhtin G. A. (1983). “Osnovy upravleniya naukoy”, [Fundamentals of Science Management], Moscow: Nauka, 216 p.
Tatarinov Yu. B. (1986). “Problemy otsenki effektivnosti fundamental'nykh issledovaniy”, [Problems of evaluating the effectiveness of fundamental research], Moscow: Nauka, 227 p.
Fasfeld G. (1986). “Effektivnost' nauchnykh issledovaniy i razrabotok”, [Effectiveness of research and development], Moscow: Economics, 144 p.
Saati T. L. (1993). “Prinyatiye resheniy. Metod analiza iyerarkhiy”, [Decision-making. Method of analysis of hierarchies], Per. from English, Moscow: Radio and communication, 315 p.
Spasennykh M. Yu. (2010). “Innovatsionnyy biznes: korporativnoye upravleniye nauchno-issledovatel'skimi i opytno-konstruktorskimi rabotami: uchebnoye posobiye”, [Innovative business: corporate management of research and development work: a tutorial], Publishing house "Delo" ANKh, 148 р. Available from: https://sci.house/biznes-uchebniki-scibook/innovatsionnyiy-biznes-korporativnoe.html
Arutyunova D. V. (2014). “Innovatsionnyy menedzhment: uchebnoye posobiye”, [Innovation management: textbook], Rostov-on-Don: SFedU Publishing House, 152 p. Available at http://bizlog.ru/lib/b6/b6.pdf
NASA Space Technology Roadmaps and Priorities. Available from: http://science.nasa.gov/media/medialibrary/2012/05/04/NRC_review_of_NASA_technology_roadmaps.pdf
Higher Education Funding Council for England, Research Assessment Exercise 2014 «Assessment criteria and level definitions». Bristol: HEFCE, 2013. Available from: https://assets.publishing.service.gov.uk/government/uploads/system/uploads/attachment_data/file/247417/0052.pdf
Tutygin A. G., Korobov V. B. (2010). “Preimushchestva i nedostatki metoda analiza iyerarkhiy”, [Advantages and disadvantages of the method of analysis of hierarchies], Bulletin of the Russian State Pedagogical University. A.I. Herzen, No. 122. рр. 108-115.
Sharabchiev Yu. T., Dudina T. V. (2013). “Metodologiya ekspertizy planiruyemykh i zavershennykh nauchno-issledovatel'skikh razrabotok”, [Methodology for the examination of planned and completed research developments], Mezhdunarodnyye obzory: klinicheskaya praktika i zdorov'ye, No. 6, рр. 141-161.
Troshin D. V. (2014). “Metod otsenki rezul'tatov nauchno-issledovatel'skikh rabot”, [Method of evaluating the results of research], Ekonomicheskiy analiz: teoriya i praktika, No. 46 (397), рр. 50-59.
Dmitrenko I. P., Krasnova Yu. I. (2015). “Ekspertiza NIR”, [Expertise of scientific research], Aktual'nyye problemy gumanitarnykh i yestestvennykh nauk.
Vorozhbit O. Yu., Krivoshapov V.G. (2015). “Algoritm i metod otsenki urovnya integratsii vuzovskoy nauki v natsional'noy innovatsionnoy sisteme”, [Algorithm and method for assessing the level of integration of high school science in the national innovation system], Sovremennyye problemy nauki i obrazovaniya, No. 1-1. Available from: http://www.science-education.ru/ru/article/view?id=18784
Belova E. A. (2018). “Formirovaniye kompleksnogo podkhoda k effektivnoy integratsii vuzovskoy nauki v natsional'nuyu innovatsionnuyu sistemu”, [Formation of an integrated approach to the effective integration of university science into the national innovation system], Kreativnaya ekonomika, vol. 12, No. 6, рр. 855-864. http://doi. org/10.18334/ce.12.6.3915
Khodzhich E. V. (2019). “Metodicheskiye podkhody k otsenke rezul'tativnosti i effektivnosti innovatsionnoy deyatel'nosti vysshego uchebnogo zavedeniya”, [Methodological approaches to assessing the effectiveness and efficiency of innovative activities of a higher educational institution], Ekonomika: vchera, segodnya, zavtra, vol. 9, No. 10, рр. 88-98. DOI: 10.34670/AR.2020.92.10.010.
Lebedev G. S., Krylov O. B, Lelyakov A. I., Mironov Yu. G., Tkachenko V. V. (2018). “Integral'naya otsenka effektivnosti nauchno-issledovatel'skikh rabot v nauchnykh uchrezhdeniyakh Minzdrava Rossii”, [Integral assessment of the effectiveness of research work in scientific institutions of the Ministry of Health of Russia], Zhurnal telemeditsiny i elektronnogo zdravookhraneniya, No. 3, рр. 77-84. http://doi. org/10.29188/2542-2413-2018-4-3-77-84. Available from: http://jtelemed.ru/sites/default/files/jtm_23-30.pdf
Nikolaev A. I., Yurin A. D., Polubekhin A. I. (2009). “Sovershenstvovaniye nauchno-metodicheskogo apparata obosnovaniya sostava nauchno-issledovatel'skikh i opytno-konstruktorskikh rabot po razvitiyu radiolokatsionnykh tekhnologiy na osnove postroyeniya strukturnykh funktsional'no-tekhnologicheskikh skhem perspektivnykh obraztsov radiolokatsionnogo vooruzheniya”, [Improvement of the scientific and methodological apparatus for substantiating the composition of research and development work on the development of radar technologies based on the construction of structural functional and technological schemes of promising models of radar weapons], Armament and economics: electronic journal, No. 2 (6), pp. 31-39. Available from: http://www.viek.ru/vie_09_2.pdf
Sulima T. G. (2015). “O metodike obosnovaniya perechnya prioritetnykh obraztsov vooruzheniya, voyennoy i spetsial'noy tekhniki spasatel'nykh voinskikh formirovaniy MCHS Rossii”, [On the methodology for substantiating the list of priority types of weapons, military and special equipment for rescue military units of the EMERCOM of Russia], Nauchnyye i obrazovatel'nyye problemy grazhdanskoy zashchity, No. 2, рр. 13-19.
Abstract views: 143 PDF Downloads: 179
Copyright (c) 2020 Vadym Lukyanchuk, Ivan Nikolaev, Pavlo Open’ko, Igor Dzeverin, Oleh Uhrynovych
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
The authors agree with the following conditions:
1. Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication (Download agreement) with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgment of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
2. Authors have the right to complete individual additional agreements for the non-exclusive spreading of the journal’s published version of the work (for example, to post work in the electronic repository of the institution or to publish it as part of a monograph), with the reference to the first publication of the work in this journal.
3. Journal’s politics allows and encourages the placement on the Internet (for example, in the repositories of institutions, personal websites, SSRN, ResearchGate, MPRA, SSOAR, etc.) manuscript of the work by the authors, before and during the process of viewing it by this journal, because it can lead to a productive research discussion and positively affect the efficiency and dynamics of citing the published work (see The Effect of Open Access).