Democratisation and Institutional Development in Romania after 1989

Keywords: Democratisation, European Union, Romania, Post-Communist, Political Institution, Democratic Transition


Purpose: the aim of the article is to present the institutional development and democratic setup which has been started to move forward towards economic development and the formation of welfare programmes for human development after the demise of Communist rule.

Design/Method/Approach: The article analyses how the countries had changed their policy to tie up with the European Union. Furthermore, the article discusses the Romanian political transformation and political transitions in the country after the regime changed in late 1989. The article asses the role of external actors to promote the establishment of democratic institutions. The case study method is driven by EU to strengthen the process of democratisation and political-institutional reformation according to Copenhagen criteria.

 Findings: The result of the article is that what extent the democratisation process has been successful ever inclusion to the European Union.

Paper type: theoretical.


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Author Biography

Mukesh Shankar Bharti, Jawaharlal Nehru University

Mukesh Shankar Bharti is a research scholar with a research background in foreign policy analysis and social science research. The author holds a PhD degree in International Relations with a specialization in East and Central Europe. His research area includes democracy, political institutions, European Union and South Asia.


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How to Cite
Bharti, M. S. (2022). Democratisation and Institutional Development in Romania after 1989. Journal of Scientific Papers ʽʽSocial Development and Security’’, 12(1), 104-117.
Social Sciences