EU-Russian Relations and the Eastern Enlargement: Integration or Isolation
Initially, in the first half of the 1990s, Russia’s plans to include the countries of the former Eastern bloc within the EU were not seen as a threat to its interests. Furthermore, in the context of NATO’s enlargement, some Russians regarded them as an advantageous alternative. Russia is aware that the EU enlargement with the Central and Eastern European states resulted in a present increase in the number of EU members supporting close trans-Atlantic relations. Moscow’s fears of further EU enlargement were softened due to a dispute that continues to grow within the Union, regarding the rationale and limits of further enlargement, primarily for the Balkan states, Turkey, and the CIS states. Moscow expects that the reluctance of European societies towards further enlargement will inhibit this process.
The external relations dimension of the European Union's enlargement to Central and Eastern Europe has received surprisingly little attention despite the fact that in the long‐term the issues it raises may be far more important than those currently dominating the debate. Nowhere is this more likely to be correct than about Russia, for which the EU's enlargement poses a risk of increasing isolation from the rest of Europe. The danger of creating a new dividing line across Europe is widely recognised, and the challenge, therefore, is to find ways of ensuring that Russia can be fully integrated with Europe while almost certainly remaining outside the EU Itself. This article focuses on relations between the EU and Russia and addresses three fundamental questions: how Russia has responded to the prospect of the EU's eastern enlargement; the specific issues arising from expansion, and the kind of long‐term relationship that could develop between Russia and an enlarged EU.
Putin, V. (2011). A new integration project for Eurasia: The future in the making. Izvestia. Russian Mission. Retrieved from: http://www.russianmission.eu/en/news/article-prime-minister-vladimir-putin-newintegration-project-eurasia-future-making-izvestia-3.
European Commission (2014). Mutual recognition agreement. European Commission. Retrieved from: http://ec.europa.eu/taxation_customs/customs/policy_issues/customs_security/aeo/mutual_recognition_agreement/index_en.htm
Focus (2014). Ukrainians say that it is time for EU to establish official contacts with the Eurasian Union says-fule. Focus. Retrieved from: http://www.focus-fen.net/news/2014/09/13/348455/unian-it-is-time-foreu-to-establish-official-contacts-with-eurasianunion-says-fule.html.
Krastev, I. & Leonard, M. (2014). The New European Disorder, European Council for Foreign Affairs, Retrieved from: https://ecfr.eu/archive/page/-/ECFR117_TheNewEuropeanDisorder_ESSAY.pdf.
Trenin, D. (2002). A Russia-within-Europe: Working toward a new security arrangement. F. Heisbourg, ‘Russia’s Security Policy and EU-Russian Relations’, ESF Working Paper, (6).
Mearsheimer, J. J. (2014). Why the Ukraine crisis is the West's fault: the liberal delusions that provoked Putin. Foreign Aff., 93, 77.
Brzezinski, Z. (1997). The grand chessboard: American primacy and its geostrategic imperatives. Basic books.
Beacháin, D. Ó., & Polese, A. (Eds.). (2010). The colour revolutions in the former Soviet republics: successes and Failures. Routledge.
Abstract views: 482 PDF Downloads: 154
Copyright (c) 2021 Mukesh Shankar Bharti
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
The authors agree with the following conditions:
1. Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication (Download agreement) with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgment of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
2. Authors have the right to complete individual additional agreements for the non-exclusive spreading of the journal’s published version of the work (for example, to post work in the electronic repository of the institution or to publish it as part of a monograph), with the reference to the first publication of the work in this journal.
3. Journal’s politics allows and encourages the placement on the Internet (for example, in the repositories of institutions, personal websites, SSRN, ResearchGate, MPRA, SSOAR, etc.) manuscript of the work by the authors, before and during the process of viewing it by this journal, because it can lead to a productive research discussion and positively affect the efficiency and dynamics of citing the published work (see The Effect of Open Access).