Journal of Scientific Papers «Social development and Security» https://paperssds.eu/index.php/JSPSDS <p><strong>Focus and Scope:</strong>&nbsp;national security of the state and its components; economic security of the state and its components; military and economic security; military security of the state and its components; informational security; cybernetic security; technologies for state security; resource potential of foreign states; resource potential of the state; problems of internal audit and internal control for ensuring state security; problems of legislative and legal security of the state; philosophical aspects of the development and functioning of the country's security and defense forces.</p> Public organization «Ukrainian Scientific Community» en-US Journal of Scientific Papers «Social development and Security» 2522-9842 The south Caucasus and NATO’S defence education enhancement programme. Retrospective analysis https://paperssds.eu/index.php/JSPSDS/article/view/137 <p>The aim of this paper is to review NATO’s Defence Education Enhancement Programme (DEEP) and to highlight the challenges and implications of its implementation and to examine the extent to which this initiative contribute to the cooperation in the field of education in the South Caucasus region. The importance of DEEP has been underscored in increasing interoperability between the South Caucasus countries and NATO. The functions of DEEP have been defined, their value for the nations in the South Caucasus have been highlighted. The retrospective analysis has been conducted in order to measure the effectiveness of DEEP in enhancing interoperability with NATO. Current and future perspectives of DEEP have been introduced to enhance the South Caucasus – NATO cooperation. The aim of the paper is to point out the importance of DEEP as a new potential for improving professional military education (PME) and building better integrated forces in the South Caucasus. At the same time, the aim is to identify factors that will lead towards the enhancement of the relations amongst the South Caucasus nations themselves.</p> Khayal Iskandarov Piotr Gawliczek Copyright (c) 2019 Journal of Scientific Papers «Social development and Security» 2019-10-10 2019-10-10 9 5 3 14 10.33445/sds.2019.9.5.1 Ways to improve reconnaissance in the interests of missile forces and artillery https://paperssds.eu/index.php/JSPSDS/article/view/138 <p>The article describes the experience of creating automated control systems by foreign countries. Experience in controlling fire weapons and reconnaissance assets. The analysis of their interaction. Considered in detail the automated control system of field artillery of the United States of America Advanced Field Artillery Tactical Data System (AFTDS).</p> <p>This is an experience of creating a system of foreign countries. Experience in controlling fire weapons and reconnaissance assets. The analysis of their interaction. Considered in detail is the United States of America Advanced Field Artillery Tactical Data System (AFTDS). This is a multipurpose tactical information system of field artillery using mobile technology. It provides automated decision making for the functional subsystem, support for the ground forces and marines, as well as integrated operational units and united types of troops. The article describes the entire sector of the capabilities of this automated combat control system.</p> <p>The article also discusses ADLER (Artillerie Daten Lage and Einsatz Rechnerverbund) Germany’s automated field artillery control system. This automated field artillery control system provides all the field artillery control capabilities from the division to the gun (mortar, MLRS, reconnaissance equipment). The unified information network unites target detection facilities, combat (fire) and fire weapons control centers (points). it makes it possible not only to process the data, but also to control the detection mode and hit targets, including the evaluation of intermediate results. Integrated systems of reconnaissance, surveillance, target definitions and their destruction are considered by military experts of the leading, militarily, countries of the world as a critical element for achieving information superiority over the enemy.</p> <p>Analysis of the interaction of artillery reconnaissance forces and weapons and armaments of the leading military countries of the world provides an opportunity to study the development of weapons and military equipment to ensure the creation of an intelligence-information subsystem of artillery.</p> Sergey Shuliakov Nikolai Dorofeev Copyright (c) 2019 Journal of Scientific Papers «Social development and Security» 2019-10-10 2019-10-10 9 5 15 27 10.33445/sds.2019.9.5.2 Approaches to the establishment and management of the defence procurement (acquisition) system. the example of the USA department of defense and the UK Ministry of Defence https://paperssds.eu/index.php/JSPSDS/article/view/140 <p>The article provides a comparative analysis of the establishment and operation of the systems of defence procurement (acquisition) for the United States` Department of Defense (DoD of the USA) and the United Kingdom's Ministry of Defenсe (MoD of the UK) by analysis of regulatory frameworks and approaches managing of the defence procurement (acquisition) systems. With the help of the structural-functional method, a hierarchy of key participants of the defence procurement system (acquisition), their functional interconnections, roles and functions are identified. By using a systematic approach, it was determined that the establishment and operation of a public procurement (acquisition) system for the defence needs of the USA and the UK is a complex process that is significantly affected by financial and time constraints, strategic vision and priorities for the development of the industry. The main principles for the most efficient organization and operation of the procurement (acquisition) systems of the DoD of the USA and the MoD of the UK are: the application of a procedural framework, the definition of rules and models for the interaction of participants, transparency, the presence of competition, professional development, periodic assessment and verification.</p> Olena Holota Copyright (c) 2019 Journal of Scientific Papers «Social development and Security» 2019-11-01 2019-11-01 9 5 28 – 57 28 – 57 10.33445/sds.2019.9.5.3 Compliance control of conflict of interests in the general system of internal control and resource management https://paperssds.eu/index.php/JSPSDS/article/view/141 <p>The results of the research published in the article will be useful to professionals directly or indirectly involved in the process of identification and resolution of conflicts of interest, to managers at all levels and to internal control and compliance professionals. The article summarizes the arguments and counterarguments within the scientific discussion on the specificity and peculiarities of the concept of conflict of interest, its nature and not identical with the concept of corruption. The article deals with the conceptual apparatus of the conflict of interest problem and defines the main approaches to the resolution of conflicts of interest and summarizes the research results in this area. Based on the analysis of legal acts and other sources, it is determined that the existence of a conflict of interest is not a necessary prerequisite for the occurrence of a corruption offense. The results of the monitoring of compliance with the legislation on conflict of interests and other restrictions on the prevention of corruption are clearly illustrated, information on the functioning of the system of prevention and detection of corruption in the Ministry of Defense of Ukraine and the Armed Forces of Ukraine is presented.</p> <p>The direct participants of anti-corruption activities in the system of the Ministry of Defense of Ukraine and the Armed Forces of Ukraine were identified, considerable attention was paid to the issue of conflicts of interest in the structural units of the defense department, namely to authorized persons for the prevention of corruption. Also, a certain algorithm of implementation of the process of identification of risks related to the presence of conflicts of interest in the system of internal control and compliance is formulated. An example is given of preventing and avoiding conflicts of interest through the use of specific tools. The study empirically confirms and theoretically proves that the identification of existing conflicts of interest in a separate structural unit must be taken into account when identifying and assessing risks in the functioning of the internal control system.</p> <p>Methodical tools of the study were methods of analysis, synthesis, comparison, induction, deduction. The study period is from 2014 to the present.</p> Natalia Loishyna Kostyantyn Kustrich Mykola Tkach Sergey Levchenko Vitalii Getmanskii Copyright (c) 2019 Journal of Scientific Papers «Social development and Security» 2019-11-01 2019-11-01 9 5 58 – 80 58 – 80 10.33445/sds.2019.9.5.4 Organizational and economic mechanism of assessment property objects of JSC «Ukrainian railways» https://paperssds.eu/index.php/JSPSDS/article/view/142 <p>The article is devoted to the study of the problems of the formation of the organizational and economic mechanism for assessing property objects of railway transport enterprises in modern conditions of development of the domestic economy. It is proposed to adhere to such basic principles when assessing the property of railway transport enterprises: utility, supply and demand, substitution, expectation, marginal contribution performance, most efficient use, additional effect, multiple approaches and diversity. The methodological approaches and property valuation methods used in the valuation of property of railway transport enterprises are analyzed in detail. It has been established that the organizational and economic mechanism for assessing property objects of railway transport in order to form the authorized capital of JSC “Ukrainian railways” includes a set of organizational and economic elements that generally provide a complete algorithm for the implementation of the organizational and economic mechanism for evaluating property objects of the joint stock company “Ukrainian railways” and consists of the following blocks: information support, organizational support and calculation and methodological support. The study of the organizational and economic mechanism for evaluating the property of railway transport enterprises from the perspective of an integrated approach allows us to present it as an integrated system, which is formed from a combination of interconnected elements. In addition, an algorithm for the implementation of the organizational and economic mechanism for assessing property objects with the aim of forming the authorized capital of the company is proposed.</p> Maryna Potetiuieva Copyright (c) 2019 Journal of Scientific Papers «Social development and Security» 2019-11-01 2019-11-01 9 5 81 – 93 81 – 93 10.33445/sds.2019.9.5.5 Analysis of key competences in vocational education https://paperssds.eu/index.php/JSPSDS/article/view/143 <p>Modern vocational education is considered as a mechanism for managing the development of a competitive personality, its individual capabilities, socio-cultural, socio-moral and professional qualities and abilities that the future specialist needs to advance to be professional. The purpose of the article is to review the key competencies which pursued in vocational educational institution students. The study used a set of methods: study and analysis of literary sources on the problem of research, analysis, generalization and systematization of theoretical data. The article summarizes the content of such concepts as «competence», «competency», «competence approach», «professional competence» and «professionalism». The peculiarities of forming and comparing the components of professional competence of future specialists of different specialties (teachers, managers) are analyzed. In the process of theoretical data of groups of skills, knowledge and individual competences systematization there are four types of professional competence – special, social, personal and individual, while the components of professional competence have a similar structure, but differ significantly. This is due to the fact that certain activities include different components. The way of formation of professional competence in students from choice of specialty and educational institution to professional skill is analyzed. The results of the study helped to clarify the essence of professional competence, which is an integrated concept that combines the most important professional competencies. The choice of a profession and the formation of professional abilities are only truly successful when they are connected with the social and moral choice of a young person, which is reflected in the text of the article. A deep reform of the national education system is underway in Ukraine and there is a constant modernization of technological production processes. Against this background, it is advisable to focus further research on the continuous updating and improvement of the components of professional competence. Formation of the list of professional competences is a prerequisite for the training of specialists at the present stage. Prospects for further scientific research of the authors are to find and update the economic and organizational mechanisms of competence management in vocational education.</p> Vasyl Stryukov Olena Hromtseva Copyright (c) 2019 Journal of Scientific Papers «Social development and Security» 2019-11-01 2019-11-01 9 5 94 – 109 94 – 109 10.33445/sds.2019.9.5.6 Methodological aspects of construction of methods of modeling and analytical processing of databases and knowledge management system of armament and military equipment https://paperssds.eu/index.php/JSPSDS/article/view/144 <p>It is suggested to manage the development of weapons and military equipment in a single network environment of the relevant information and analytical system by coordinating the mechanisms of interaction of information resources, which reflect different descriptions of the armament and military equipment. Such interaction should be built on the basis of transdisciplinary integration procedures, which will ensure synchronization of activities of all participants of the process and semantic and temporal synchronization of all categories and concepts of information resources and digital assets. Formation of many concepts, as the structure of semantic units-concepts and formal model of subject knowledge is ensured by the use of ontological methods. The management of information processing processes is built on the use of taxonomies that reflect the properties of information processes. As a corporate high-performance information-analytical search platform, the core of which is a two-tier system of indexing information resources, the use of semantic control and ontological interface IT-TODOS is proposed. The main linguistic functions, tasks, word processing, data preparation to preserve the database structure, function monitoring and administration implemented in the linguistic subsystem.&nbsp;</p> <p>The formation of the model of the problem of choice and its solution on the basis of ontology is carried out in the information-analytical system, which includes: ontological interface, modules of basic program integration, module of creation of digital document collection, indexing tools, polymic synonymic zone, module of interactive interaction multicriteria benchmarking and forecasting module.</p> <p>The approach presented in the article will allow for a powerful monitoring of the processes of development, operation and modernization of armament and military equipment by analyzing the content, aggregating and rating huge amounts of information contained in file electronic collections of text documents.</p> Oleksii Holovin Copyright (c) 2019 Journal of Scientific Papers «Social development and Security» 2019-11-01 2019-11-01 9 5 110 – 126 110 – 126 10.33445/sds.2019.9.5.7 Ukrainian Strategic Communications and martial law https://paperssds.eu/index.php/JSPSDS/article/view/145 <p>This article aims at researching the implementation of strategic communications within the introduction of the martial law in Ukraine. It is underscored the consolidation, coordination, and cooperation of national crisis communication mechanisms in line with the outlined objectives and goals.</p> Iryna Izhutova Copyright (c) 2019 Journal of Scientific Papers «Social development and Security» 2019-11-01 2019-11-01 9 5 127 – 132 127 – 132 10.33445/sds.2019.9.5.8 Strategic communication in the modern hybrid warfare https://paperssds.eu/index.php/JSPSDS/article/view/146 <p>In today’s world, the combination of propaganda, disinformation, psychological pressure, and attacks on information and communication systems pose a danger no less than conventional armament. Productive scenarios for counteracting hybrid threats are based on the use of modern technologies of strategic communications, management of subjects of military conflicts, and information processing.</p> <p>This article is aimed at analyzing the basic concepts of modern hybrid warfare and finding place, purpose, objectives, and features of strategic communications.</p> <p>An integrated use of strategic communications and reflexive control technologies is proposed to develop hybrid warfare scenarios.</p> Olha Salnikova Igor Sivokha Andrii Ivashchenko Copyright (c) 2019 Journal of Scientific Papers «Social development and Security» 2019-11-01 2019-11-01 9 5 133 – 142 133 – 142 10.33445/sds.2019.9.5.9 Mathematical model for determining the effectiveness of medical examination of military personnel https://paperssds.eu/index.php/JSPSDS/article/view/147 <p>The article is of interest to health professionals operating in the system of the Ministry of defense of Ukraine and Armed Forces of Ukraine and other state authorities, institutions and non-government organizations. Also, the results of the study will be useful to the representatives of the medical service, as service is a direct participant in the process of evaluating the effectiveness of the military personnel’s medical examination system. The place and role of the clinical examination of personnel in the health care system have been established. This has allowed to identify the internal and external factors in the context of the issues of this article. Internal and external factors were investigated in the context of managed and unmanaged factors. The paper presents a mathematical model of the medical care for servicemen who undergo medical examinations with using a semi-Markov random process. A quantitative criterion for the effectiveness of health care, called the employability ratio, is proposed. To establish the dependence of the employability ratio on the model parameters, an exponential law of time distribution between diseases was used.&nbsp; Such a law can be considered as a characteristic of the military personnel of a relatively young age. The results of this study are the starting point for solving the scientific task of substantiating the scientific and methodological apparatus for assessing the effectiveness of the prophylactic medical examination in the system of medical support of servicemen of the Ministry of defense of Ukraine and Armed Forces of Ukraine. In further studies will be shown the dependence of the employability ratio on the model parameters, as well as the cost of staying a serviceman in a healthy condition.</p> Volodymyr Mirnenko Petro Yablonsky Mykola Butenko Sergii Lytvynko Roman Gutvert Copyright (c) 2019 Journal of Scientific Papers «Social development and Security» 2019-11-02 2019-11-02 9 5 143 – 157 143 – 157 10.33445/sds.2019.9.5.10 Comprehensive approach for assessment of internal control efficiency system https://paperssds.eu/index.php/JSPSDS/article/view/148 <p>The article will be beneficial for professionals and managers of all levels, whether indirectly or directly involved in the process of organizing and implementing risk-based internal control in various fields of activity. The article summarizes the results of research in the direction of developing a scientific and methodological apparatus for assessing the effectiveness of the functioning of the internal control system of a budgetary institution within the system of the Ministry of Defense of Ukraine.</p> <p>The study empirically confirms and theoretically proves that the approaches proposed in the comprehensive approach must be taken into account when assessing the effectiveness of the internal control system by representatives of internal audit, not only within the Ministry of Defense of Ukraine, but also in other central executive authorities.</p> <p>The study presents the results of an empirical analysis of the choice and justification of indicators, which confirmed the possibility of taking them into account in further studies.</p> <p>The article presents the algorithm of performing consecutive scientifically substantiated stages, which in its complexity makes it possible to distinguish a complex method of solving a scientific problem in assessing the effectiveness of the functioning of the internal control system of the Ministry of Defense of Ukraine.</p> Anatolii Loishyn Copyright (c) 2019 Journal of Scientific Papers «Social development and Security» 2019-11-02 2019-11-02 9 5 158 – 173 158 – 173 10.33445/sds.2019.9.5.11 Analysis of the implementation of the budget and defence planning in the Ministry Defence of Ukraine and the Armed Forces of Ukraine in the context of weapons and military equipment https://paperssds.eu/index.php/JSPSDS/article/view/149 <p>The article discusses the main approaches to the organization of budgetary and defense planning in the Ministry of Defense of Ukraine and the Armed Forces of Ukraine in the context of the development of weapons and military equipment. The study focuses on the feasibility and necessity of bringing budgetary and defense planning to the best world practices applied by the world's leading countries, including on arms development planning, taking into account the life-cycle costs of weapons and military equipment. The generalized and substantiated views in the scientific and practical environment in Ukraine on the ways and problematic issues of introducing foreign experience of planning arms development into domestic practice. According to the results of the research, recommendations were made for the formation of technical and economic indicators of the life cycle of weapons and military equipment, which take place in the scientific and practical environment of customers and contractors of weapons.</p> Pavlo Parkhomenko Michael Lavruk Ivan Tkach Copyright (c) 2019 Journal of Scientific Papers «Social development and Security» 2019-11-01 2019-11-01 9 5 174 189 10.33445/sds.2019.9.5.12