Journal of Scientific Papers «Social development and Security» https://paperssds.eu/index.php/JSPSDS <p><strong>Focus and Scope:</strong>&nbsp;national security of the state and its components; economic security of the state and its components; military and economic security; military security of the state and its components; informational security; cybernetic security; technologies for state security; resource potential of foreign states; resource potential of the state; problems of internal audit and internal control for ensuring state security; problems of legislative and legal security of the state; philosophical aspects of the development and functioning of the country's security and defense forces.</p> Public organization «Ukrainian Scientific Community» en-US Journal of Scientific Papers «Social development and Security» 2522-9842 Features of realization of "de-occupation legislation" of Ukraine in conditions of the operation of the united forces https://paperssds.eu/index.php/JSPSDS/article/view/126 <p>The aim of the study is to provide a comprehensive analysis of the theoretical and legal, legislative and normative aspects of the effectiveness of legal mechanisms (material and procedural) for implementing the framework Law of Ukraine «On the peculiarities of state policy on ensuring the state sovereignty of Ukraine in temporarily occupied territories in the Donetsk and Luhansk oblasts» (hereinafter – the Law) and «de-occupation laws» of Ukraine (separate acts of legislation in the field of security and defense), connected with the process of implementation of the "special" normative-law the provisions of the Law in the military-defense and civil-military sphere of social relations in the temporarily occupied territories of Ukraine; development of theoretical and applied tools and methods of substantiation of ways of its improvement.</p> <p>Achievement of the set goal involves solving the following tasks:</p> <p>to establish the relevance of scientific research for the Armed Forces of Ukraine which, in the context of mortal danger, for the first time in its modern history as a sovereign and independent, democratic state is involved under the Law for the maintenance of national security and defense, repression and deterrence of armed aggression of the Russian Federation in the Donetsk and Luhansk oblasts;</p> <p>to determine the state of development of scientific researches on the theoretical, legal, departmental normative features of the legal mechanism for implementation of the requirements of the "de-occupation legislation" of Ukraine in the conditions of the operation of the united forces;</p> <p>to carry out an analysis of the methods (rules, means) of the legislative technique, the basic normative part and the complex material-procedural mechanism of implementation of the Law at the presidential, governmental, military-departmental levels of government;</p> <p>to establish the state of efficiency of the rule-making block in the process of implementing the Law in conditions of operation of the united forces in the aspect of the activity of the Armed Forces of Ukraine, one year after its adoption;</p> <p>outline the ways of improving the mechanism of implementation of the «occupation legislation» of Ukraine in the context of the operation of the combined forces.</p> <p>Methods of research are a complex combination of philosophical, general scientific and special methods. The system method allowed to analyze the components of the rule-making block, the system of acts in the field of security and defense in the process of implementation of the Law. The formal logical method has established material procedures, structure, components of legal mechanisms of implementation, collisions and gaps. The analysis and synthesis method defines the components of the implementation process, identifies the problems, formulates the conclusions and suggestions.</p> <p>It is revealed that the initial legislative-normative block contains separate destructive legal constructions that are capable of deforming the sub-law (military-departmental) level of the process of realization of the military legislation of Ukraine in the conditions of the operation of the combined forces. The ways of neutralization of destructive (formal, duplicate, declarative, collisional) legal constructions are proposed in order to optimize the effective, military-force and organizational-legal mechanism of the return of temporarily occupied territories in the East of Ukraine.</p> Vladimir Shulgin Volodymyr Pashynsky Copyright (c) 2019 Journal of Scientific Papers «Social development and Security» 2019-08-25 2019-08-25 9 4 3 – 20 3 – 20 10.33445/sds.2019.9.4.1 Retrospective analysis of logistic concepts of resource management https://paperssds.eu/index.php/JSPSDS/article/view/127 <p>The purpose of the article is to study the development of logistic concepts of resource management based on retrospective analysis. The article proves that one of the leading factors in the change in logistics concepts is a change in production concepts, while the complexity of production forms occurs with increasing market demands, and the development of the types and frequency of such interaction causes a change in economic paradigms. A retrospective analysis of the development of logistics concepts, their transformation in accordance with changes in the nature of resource flows. It has been established that the organization and coordination of information flows for participants at each level, the logistics chain of the commodity market and demand chains on the principles of 7P / 7R, that is, the implementation of approaches and increase the importance of information logistics and logistics services, becomes the main factor for obtaining competitive advantage in the market. The development of integrated and innovative logistics paradigms is connected with this, the main goal of which is to ensure maximum involvement of all links of the logistics system into a single process, the logistics chain of the commodity market and the integration on this basis of the socio-economic system with the external environment based on innovative technologies. The paper develops theoretical concepts for identifying the impact of logistics on the development of new market processes. It has been established that the state of the components of the logistics system, which is typical for all regions of Ukraine (significant territorial and structural disparities in the location and development of the logistics infrastructure, underdevelopment / inconsistency of the logistics services market structure with modern requirements, insufficient use of logistics management principles in the implementation of the transit potential) restrictions on the implementation of the idea of creating a common market, a single economic space, increasing returns t transit. This fragmentation can be overcome by creating a single regulator / coordinator – the development institute, which will allow you to put together a holistic strategy for improving logistics and managing its changes based on information technologies.</p> Svіtlana Bondarenko Mykola Tkach Copyright (c) 2019 Journal of Scientific Papers «Social development and Security» 2019-08-25 2019-08-25 9 4 21 – 40 21 – 40 10.33445/sds.2019.9.4.2 Improving the effectiveness of public financial control through the introduction of risk-oriented planning https://paperssds.eu/index.php/JSPSDS/article/view/125 <p>One of the major international internal audit practices is the use of risk-based planning when selecting audit entities and entities. In the course of the study, the conformity of internal audit activities with national standards was analyzed, with the simultaneous implementation of international standards of professional practice based on risk-oriented planning.</p> <p>The article summarizes the scientific discussions on bringing internal audit in line with international standards, assessing risks in the process of risk-oriented planning of audit activities, and examining the practical effects of implementing a system of risk-oriented planning.</p> <p>It is proved that, as of today, the forces of the Internal Audit Service units are not enough to conduct a thorough inspection of all military units, institutions, organizations of the Ministry of Defense of Ukraine. The need for quality audit planning is formulated in order to cover precisely those entities that have identified the greatest threats and risks.</p> <p>The issue of risk-oriented planning of internal audit is revealed in the following logical sequence: the general regulation of this process is determined, the components of risk-oriented planning are analyzed and the method of plan development on the basis of risk-oriented audit selection is proposed. In particular, the issues of risk identification, risk assessment according to the relevant criteria, risk assessment using points are discussed in detail.</p> <p>The study empirically confirms and theoretically demonstrates that risk-oriented planning is an integral and important component of audit activity. The importance of this direction in the context of the obtained economic effect of preventive measures has been proved.</p> <p>On the basis of the analysis, the existing problems were identified and a set of theoretical and practical recommendations was substantiated with the purpose of improving the mentioned process in the Ministry of Defense of Ukraine and practical application of the developed methodological approaches to risk-oriented planning.</p> <p>The results of the study may be useful in planning the audit activity for the relevant period.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> Julia Lutsik Sergey Mazka Vitaliy Begma Volodymyr Mirnenko Kostyantin Ulianov Nadiia Yurkiv Copyright (c) 2019 Journal of Scientific Papers «Social development and Security» 2019-08-25 2019-08-25 9 4 41 – 60 41 – 60 10.33445/sds.2019.9.4.3 Problematic issues of legal regulation of the activities of entities engaged in the protection and defense of military property https://paperssds.eu/index.php/JSPSDS/article/view/128 <p>Protection and defense of property require the existence of clear legal regulation. The definition of effective administrative and legal mechanisms is possible only in the presence of a scientific basis. Currently, in the theory of administrative law, there are no classifications of entities that carry out the protection and defense of military property. Accordingly, the legislation of Ukraine does not specify a state body or system of bodies responsible for performing the functions of protection and defense of military property. This issue requires the introduction of clear state mechanisms for monitoring the protection and defense of military property, assessing their effectiveness.</p> <p>The article deals with a legal category such as administrative and legal status. In more detail, the author drew attention to the peculiarities of the legal status of the subjects who carry out the protection and defense of military property. The following legal categories are analyzed: competence, tasks, functions and powers, rights and obligations, and their correlation with each other. Author's definition of the concepts of "competence" and "authority" is proposed.</p> Oksana Melnyk Vyacheslav Teneshev Copyright (c) 2019 Journal of Scientific Papers «Social development and Security» 2019-08-25 2019-08-25 9 4 61 – 73 61 – 73 10.33445/sds.2019.9.4.4 Legal background of cyber defence in Ukraine https://paperssds.eu/index.php/JSPSDS/article/view/129 <p>The modern world is not the first year talking about the possibility of conducting hostilities in cyberspace. This happened after 2010, when on the example of Iran the world saw that malicious software could have a significant impact on reality and stop the processes taking place in the real world. At the moment, even regulation has been developed on how these cyber confrontations are to take place and on what rules to take place (the theoretical developments laid out in the first and second Tallinn Manuals are meant).</p> <p>In Ukraine, the process of legal regulation of securing the cybersecurity of the country is precisely the issue, which began to explore quite late in 2015, when the Strategy for the Cybersecurity of Ukraine was adopted. The development of issues regulated by this Strategy has been carried out in several laws and other normative legal acts. But, unfortunately, the existing legal regulation does not answer many questions that Ukrainian society may face in the sphere of the dominance of information technology and the Internet of things.</p> <p>From 2014, Ukraine is in a state of armed conflict with an aggressor-the Russian Federation. Over the years, the Ukrainian army has learned to stably defend the borders and restrain the aggressor's attack, but there is a new, yet unknown battlefield - cyberspace. In this regard, the question of how to resist any aggressor in the cyberspace is relevant and required to be studied.</p> <p>The article will discuss the main provisions of the normative and legal regulation of the implementation of the cyber defense in Ukraine, and the theoretical procedure for carrying out actions on the cyber defense. The main issues of legislative regulation are identified, which hinder the prompt and correct implementation of the response to cyber attacks against Ukraine.</p> Victoria Roller Spartak Gogonyants Igor Koropatnik Copyright (c) 2019 Journal of Scientific Papers «Social development and Security» 2019-08-25 2019-08-25 9 4 74 – 86 74 – 86 10.33445/sds.2019.9.4.5 Forms, methods and principles of the administrative and legal framework of mobilization of the Armed Forces of Ukraine https://paperssds.eu/index.php/JSPSDS/article/view/130 <p>The article examines the existing forms, methods and principles of administrative and legal support for the mobilization of the Armed Forces of Ukraine. It was established that administrative and legal support for the mobilization of the Armed Forces of Ukraine in law-making, law-enforcement, and supervisory forms. The issues of the application of methods of persuasion and administrative coercion, with the help of which the administrative and legal support of the mobilization of the Armed Forces of Ukraine is carried out, are highlighted. The proposed improvement of the system of principles of public administration, which is used for administrative and legal support for the mobilization of the Armed Forces of Ukraine.</p> Elena Savinets Vladislav Karelin Copyright (c) 2019 Journal of Scientific Papers «Social development and Security» 2019-08-25 2019-08-25 9 4 87 – 101 87 – 101 10.33445/sds.2019.9.4.6 Protection of civilians in armed conflicts: Estonian experience https://paperssds.eu/index.php/JSPSDS/article/view/131 <p>The article contains an analysis of the laws and regulations of the Republic of Estonia that cover protection of civilians. It is also including the role, functions and tasks of the subjects of protection of the civilians during: crisis informing, evacuation, preemptive actions and emergency assistance to the population during a crisis. In addition, possible ways to increase the awareness of the civilian population of the Republic of Estonia in the event of a crisis are analyzed.</p> Irina Shopina Serhii Tarasov Copyright (c) 2019 Journal of Scientific Papers «Social development and Security» 2019-08-25 2019-08-25 9 4 102 – 110 102 – 110 10.33445/sds.2019.9.4.7 Innovative ICT solutions and/within/for changing security environment. Case study – NATO DEEP ADL Portal and Social Media https://paperssds.eu/index.php/JSPSDS/article/view/132 <p>The Defence Education Enhancement Programme (DEEP) is a vehicle for reform, providing tailored practical support to individual countries in developing and reforming their professional military education institutions. Through faculty development, curriculum development and peer-to-peer consultations, the DEEP Programme fosters defence capacity building, cooperative capability development and standardisation and promotes interoperability of processes and methodologies to enhance democratic institutions. With the support of more than 350 experts from approximately 75 defence education institutions in NATO member and partner countries, DEEP provides host countries with the assistance needed to respond to the most pressing requirements for modernisation and reform. In this context and based on requests from the ADL expert community in DEEP Partner countries, IS-PASP has taken the initiative to provide a NATO/DEEP-owned Advanced Distributed Learning (ADL) Portal to the DEEP community. The purpose of the DEEP ADL Portal is two-fold: (1) serve as a repository/ catalogue of online courses used by the professional military education institutions in&nbsp; NATO Allies and DEEP Partner countries; (2) facilitate ADL Designers in NATO Allied and DEEP Partner countries in the design of online courses by enabling them to: (1) exchange their expertise, knowledge and ideas on ADL; and (2) design online courses. The Portal aims at being a comprehensive solution that will not only allow the deepening of cooperation within the DEEP Programme, but also influence the dissemination of ideas in defence education and thus increase the reach of the programme. At the same time, it will create a compendium of expertise in the use and implementation of new technologies in defence education and training. Working together with Partners and sharing resources and courses will empower NATO in its objective of modernising and reforming military education institutions.</p> Piotr Gawliczek Copyright (c) 2019 Journal of Scientific Papers «Social development and Security» 2019-08-25 2019-08-25 9 4 111 – 119 111 – 119 10.33445/sds.2019.9.4.8 Assessment of efficiency indicators of internal control system functioning https://paperssds.eu/index.php/JSPSDS/article/view/133 <p>The results of the research will be useful for audit service professionals directly involved in the process of evaluating the effectiveness of the internal control system and scientists who are concerned with the development of scientific and methodological apparatus for assessing the effectiveness of not only the internal control system, but also other systems in the field of management, as well as all concerned with risk-oriented internal control.</p> <p>The material presented in the study offers theoretical and practical coverage of the results regarding the solution of the urgent task today - the development of a methodological apparatus for evaluating the effectiveness of the internal control system of the Ministry of Defense of Ukraine.</p> <p>In the article, by specifying a certain algorithm, the substantiation and prioritization of indicators, which can testify to the effectiveness of the internal control system in the system of the Ministry of Defense of Ukraine and the Armed Forces of Ukraine, are determined.</p> <p>The object of the study is the process of evaluating the effectiveness of the internal control system in the system of the Ministry of Defense of Ukraine, since it is under-researched. The study presents the results of the empirical justification of the indicators, which confirmed the possibility of taking them into account in further studies.</p> <p>The study proposes to shed light on the results of the use of the peer review method for solving the scientific problem and justify the application of this method.</p> <p>The article presents the results of calculating the final amount for each indicator, calculating the arithmetic mean, selecting the most significant indicators and building a new ranking of indicators. To assess the average consistency of all experts, a concordance coefficient was used when related rankings were available, that is, the same rank values in the estimates of one expert.</p> <p>The significance of the coefficient of concordance by its Pearson test was determined and all 92 indicators were evaluated.</p> <p>By performing the relevant mathematical calculations of the processing of the information obtained on the basis of the questionnaire of experts, six priority indicators were determined in determining the assessment of the effectiveness of the internal control system.</p> Anatolii Loishyn Sergey Levchenko Ivan Tkach Getmanskii Vitalii Copyright (c) 2019 Journal of Scientific Papers «Social development and Security» 2019-08-31 2019-08-31 9 4 120 130 10.33445/sds.2019.9.4.9 Partial method of assessment of tank brigade preparedness level during combat readiness recovery https://paperssds.eu/index.php/JSPSDS/article/view/134 <p>The radical changes in the nature of modern military conflicts, the range and content of the tasks involved in the Armed Forces of Ukraine require a series of measures aimed at improving their training system. One of the components of the Armed Forces training is combat training, which is conducted both in peacetime and during a special period. The experience of the counter-terrorist operation and the operation of the Joint Forces in eastern Ukraine shows that the successful accomplishment of combat tasks by tank brigades (units) to a large extent depends on the effectiveness of combat training during combat readiness recovery, the result of which is their preparedness level. All this requires finding and implementing new approaches to the organization and conduction of combat training during combat readiness recovery, which requires the development of a scientific and methodological apparatus to assess their preparedness level. Based on scientific and methodological approaches to assessing the effectiveness of military units combat training and the experience of carrying out combat readiness recovery, the article presents a partial methodology for assessing the tank brigade preparedness level during combat readiness recovery, which takes into account the preparedness level of each structural unit of the brigade, taking into account its importance. Assessing the preparedness level of the tank brigade structural unit is calculated by dependence, which takes into account the overall level of military personnel training and their coherence.The indicators that characterize the training level of the serviceman include: the level of individual abilities of the serviceman, length of service and occupational training courses in the field of activity. The level of coherence in the management of the military unit depends on the experience gained by each serviceman in the occupied position during the exercise (training), taking into account their importance, and the unit – on the results of working out of collective training standards.This partial method allows to make quantitative assessment of the tank brigade preparedness level to perform the tasks on purpose, and also identifies "weaknesses" in carrying out combat recovery, which necessitates the development of recommendations for improving the efficiency of combat recovery. The results of the study can be used in the practice of restoring the combat capability of tank brigades and in the research on the readiness level assessment in scientific institutions.</p> Oleksandr Heorhadze Volodymyr Kharabara Copyright (c) 2019 Journal of Scientific Papers «Social development and Security» 2019-08-31 2019-08-31 9 4 131 142 10.33445/sds.2019.9.4.10 Analysis of the impact of external and internal factors on the survivability of warehouses of supply support https://paperssds.eu/index.php/JSPSDS/article/view/135 <p>The practical solution of the tasks of providing troops with material resources is entrusted to logistic support warehouses. Therefore, the article deals with the influence of external and internal factors as a decisive factor in the fulfillment of the tasks of logistical support for the operational grouping of troops. The authors define one of the main problems - the survivability of logistics warehouses. It emphasizes the relevance and prospects in developing a methodology that would take into account the influence of all factors on the warehouses.</p> <p>The purpose of this article is to analyze the influence of external and internal factors on the survivability of logistics depots for the operational group of troops. The authors found contradictions that necessitate taking into account the influence of individual external and internal factors and provided their classification into groups.</p> <p>Using the results of this study will help in assessing the scale and nature of actions by the enemy, the relative loss of material resources in warehouses, as well as establish requirements for logistics, stability of process components and timeliness of material support for troops, increase survivability of warehouses and prepare future combat operations, taking into account external and internal factors.</p> Vitalii Polovenko Copyright (c) 2019 Journal of Scientific Papers «Social development and Security» 2019-09-07 2019-09-07 9 4 143 – 151 143 – 151 10.33445/sds.2019.9.4.11 The concept of man-made safety management by minimizing the risk of personnel in the application of defense forces during emergencies https://paperssds.eu/index.php/JSPSDS/article/view/136 <p>The article proposes the concept of man-made safety management by minimizing the risk of personnel in the application of defense forces during natural, man-made and military emergencies.This concept has been developed on the basis of: an analysis of the use of national armed forces and other military formations in emergency response; etymological analysis of terms, definitions and categories; the use of management theory and risk theory. The basic idea of the developed concept is that providing the highest possible level of protection of personnel (at the expense of minimizing the risk of its use) defense forces against the negative consequences of emergencies, including during combat operations, it is possible to manage man-made security.The concept of man-made safety management by minimizing the risk of personnel in the application of defense forces during emergencies is the basis for the development of a comprehensive method of the same name.The results of the study can be used to organize the elimination of the consequences of natural, man-made and military emergencies and to manage man-made safety by minimizing the risk of personnel involved.</p> Mykola Chomik Copyright (c) 2019 Journal of Scientific Papers «Social development and Security» 2019-08-31 2019-08-31 9 4 152 – 164 152 – 164 10.33445/sds.2019.9.4.12