Journal of Scientific Papers «Social development and Security» https://paperssds.eu/index.php/JSPSDS <p><strong>Focus and Scope:</strong> national security and its components; economic security of the state and its components; military and economic security; military security and its components; information security; cyber security; technologies for state security; resource potential of foreign states; resource potential of the state; problems of internal audit and internal control for ensuring state security; problems of legislative and legal security of the state; philosophical aspects of the development and functioning of the country's security and defence.</p> Public organization «Ukrainian Scientific Community» en-US Journal of Scientific Papers «Social development and Security» 2522-9842 The Need for an integrative theoretical model to determine the personality of terrorists https://paperssds.eu/index.php/JSPSDS/article/view/345 <p>Terrorism is a threat to the whole of humanity, counterterrorism is a collective responsibility which requires extreme levels of cooperation and coordination between nations to reduce terrorism and terrorist behavior, in this regard, several international laws, decisions and agreements have been formulated or signed to tackle the problem. In recent years terrorism has become a real challenge for many countries of the world and for all humanity, because terrorism and aggressive behavior of terrorists, annihilated a lot of people, destroyed the infrastructure and economic structure of the group of nations of the world. The thought and extremist ideology of some groups making human in the circle of fear, constant anxiety, and affected the progress of nations in all sides of human life, also affected the human development, and the open humanitarian ideas.</p> <p>Counter-terrorism has become an international issue, and study about it is important that should take into consideration the theoretical and practical aspects. However, with the lack of internationally accepted definition and theories about terrorism as a phenomenon, perhaps it is not surprising that there is a similar shortage of theories on how to combat it. Moreover, the increasing complexity and the wider threat of the phenomenon of terrorism and extremism, with the influx of actors and a range of motivations, strategies, tactics, and evaluation tools are available on how to confront such threats are necessary in guiding the process of policymaking to combat terrorism.</p> <p>This article aimed to claim the necessity of forming a theoretical model to determine the personality traits of the terrorist and distinguish them from the pathological personality. (Mental illness). According to some hypotheses and theories of the personality of terrorists and a comparison between the two personalities: “terrorist and abnormal personality” with a number of studies that dealt with them, thus, there is a need for a theoretical model to determine the traits of the personality of terrorists.</p> Ziyad Abdulqadir Copyright (c) 2021 Journal of Scientific Papers «Social development and Security» 2021-08-19 2021-08-19 11 4 3 13 10.33445/sds.2021.11.4.1 Methodical approach to account of life cycle cost of capabilities of Armed forces of Ukraine (organizational structures and governing bodies) https://paperssds.eu/index.php/JSPSDS/article/view/348 <p>Changes in the character of modern military conflicts, increasing external threats, changes in economic and military-technical conditions of Ukraine's development affect the range and content of tasks in which the Armed Forces (AF) of Ukraine are involved. This determines the search for new approaches to planning the development of the Armed Forces of Ukraine and creates the preconditions for the need to improve the existing system of defense planning in Ukraine in general. One of the ways to ensure the effective functioning of the modern defense planning system of Ukraine is the introduction of a method of planning based on capabilities and justification of costs using the concept of life cycle cost. In the article the authors propose a methodical approach to substantiating the cost of the life cycle of carriers of capabilities of the Armed Forces of Ukraine (organizational structures and governing bodies). Substantiation of the cost of organizational structures and governing bodies of the Armed Forces of Ukraine on the application of the concept of cost of their life cycle will increase the reliability of calculations on the expected result of measures to develop the capabilities of the Armed Forces of Ukraine and the necessary financial resources for their development. Specialists of the Ministry of Defense of Ukraine and the General Staff of the Armed Forces of Ukraine are invited to apply this approach when making decisions on forming options for the list of organizational structures and governing bodies of the Armed Forces of Ukraine and determining the duration of their existence. The proposed methodological approach to substantiate the value of the life cycle of carriers of capabilities of the Armed Forces of Ukraine can be the basis for solving problems of defense planning and management of defense resources to: determine the cost of a single carrier of capabilities of the Armed Forces of Ukraine; determining the cost of the stages of the life cycle of the carrier of the capability of the Armed Forces of Ukraine; determination of the full projected cost of the life cycle of the carrier of the Armed Forces of Ukraine in order to assess the feasibility of their creation, further development, disbandment or reformulation.</p> Oleh Semenenkо Iryna Chernyshova Petro Onofriychuk Ivan Motrunych Konstantin Kharitonov Roman Demchuk Copyright (c) 2021 Journal of Scientific Papers «Social development and Security» 2021-08-31 2021-08-31 11 4 14 30 10.33445/sds.2021.11.4.2 Evaluation of the personnel of the military organizational structure in the performance of their assigned tasks https://paperssds.eu/index.php/JSPSDS/article/view/349 <p>The article is devoted to the study of the process of assessing the personnel of a military organizational structure in order to increase the capabilities of its personnel in performing the tasks facing it. The article discusses modern scientific trends in determining the personnel assessment system and issues of increasing its efficiency, the main problematic aspects of personnel assessment are formed. The directions for improving the assessment of personnel have been determined, their general characteristics and the ways of its further development have been carried out.</p> Vyacheslav Kosevtsov Vadim Mashtalir Grigory Tikhonov Aleksandr Bilyk Copyright (c) 2021 Journal of Scientific Papers «Social development and Security» 2021-08-31 2021-08-31 11 4 31 38 10.33445/sds.2021.11.4.3 Ensuring the stability of economic systems in conditions of market variability and increasing threats and risks https://paperssds.eu/index.php/JSPSDS/article/view/350 <p>The article aims to develop a comprehensive methodological basis for the study and justification of four-level homeostatic mechanisms for controlling the stability of control systems in the “new normal” conditions, which is implemented in accordance with the author's concept of sustainable management. The article describes and details the features of the main types of homeostasis of control systems (evolutionary, structural, stable, systemic homeostasis), their hierarchical cyclic-closed relationship and their specific and predictive capabilities to provide administrative properties. This is substantiated and disclosed by determining: a) a set of conditions for generating homeostasis and implementing the specific effect of adaptation mechanisms and, accordingly, regulators of regeneration of control systems to external and internal transformations; b) guidelines and methods for the formation of economic systems that are resistant to institutional and resource constraints, supplemented by appropriate types of management systems; c) system-forming levers to ensure the inverse relationship within the self-regulatory economic system in its adaptation to the threats and challenges of sustainable development.</p> <p>The article notes that the combinatorics of homeostasis control includes stabilizing, inertial, adaptive, organizational and economic, kinematic, cybernetic, anxiety, cognitive information, reparative, regenerative and other types of control. It emphasizes that a set of mechanisms to ensure the self-regulatory properties of systems should focus on maintaining their adaptability to external and internal transformations in the context of ensuring the transition to sustainable development. Given the four-level structural hierarchy of homeostatic properties, the article substantiates the possibility of ensuring adequate design of regulators for their consolidation in accordance with the priority objects of localization of the most effective management tools and measures.</p> <p>Prospects for further research in the field of ensuring the stability of economic systems in market volatility and growing threats and risks are associated with solving the following problems: a) the formation of a stable management system to b) create a congruent institutional environment at each stage of systemic homeostasis; c) overcoming the existing institutional and resource constraints, eliminating the dangers and risks of sustainable development of economic systems with their differentiation in accordance with the spatial characteristics of the national meta-space.</p> <p>Methodologically important conclusions on the consequences of project implementation (in turbulent conditions) of four stages of management of ensuring the stability of economic systems according to the dominants of homeostasis are formulated. It is confirmed that as a result of achieving homeostasis: the system not only retains the main vital parameters in the process of adaptation to operating conditions and critical changes, but also provides stabilization of activity; systemic homeostatic properties and its stabilization parameters depend on the evolutionary, structural and resistance traits acquired by the system in the previous stages of generation; for the system and its elements or processes (economic, production, natural resource, societal nature) at each point in time should determine the state of the generalized results of the evaluation of five properties and stabilization parameters (self-alignment, inertia, delay, measurements of industry and structural-logical construction) and set the concept of changing these parameters and properties over time.</p> Viktoriya Mykytenko Peter Rogov Mykola Khomik Copyright (c) 2021 Journal of Scientific Papers «Social development and Security» 2021-08-31 2021-08-31 11 4 39 59 10.33445/sds.2021.11.4.4 Dependence of the level of efficiency of servicemen on the parameters of their medical care https://paperssds.eu/index.php/JSPSDS/article/view/351 <p>The article establishes the dependence of the efficiency factor of servicemen on the level of quality of diagnosis in the medical and sanitary part, seeking medical help, the duration of treatment, the intensity of false requests for medical help at certain values of the remaining parameters of the mathematical model. The results of the research are obtained on the condition that the function of time distribution between diseases of servicemen is exponential in nature, and the processes of mathematical modeling are described by a semi-Random Process.</p> Volodymyr Mirnenko Oleg Shekera Sergey Pustovoy Peter Yablonsky Mykola Butenko Oleksandr Piavchuk Copyright (c) 2021 Journal of Scientific Papers «Social development and Security» 2021-08-31 2021-08-31 11 4 60 70 10.33445/sds.2021.11.4.5 Theoretical and methodological bases of implementation of conceptual documents of strategic and defense planning https://paperssds.eu/index.php/JSPSDS/article/view/352 <p>The article is based on the analysis of a set of regulations in the field of state defense; domestic experience in the implementation of regulatory documents in the field of public administration and experience in the implementation of strategic planning documents in NATO member states:</p> <p>the system of conceptual documents of strategic and defense planning is formed;</p> <p>substantiated and proposed new approaches to the interpretation of basic terms in the field of implementation of conceptual documents;</p> <p>the theoretical and methodological bases of implementation of conceptual documents of strategic and defense planning are systematized.al-logical construction) and set the concept of changing these parameters and properties over time.</p> Andriy Nalyvayko Copyright (c) 2021 Journal of Scientific Papers «Social development and Security» 2021-08-31 2021-08-31 11 4 71 80 10.33445/sds.2021.11.4.6 Analysis of the development of the theory of military science of logistic support of troops (forces) during the german-soviet war https://paperssds.eu/index.php/JSPSDS/article/view/353 <p>The article summarizes the arguments and counterarguments in a scientific discussion on the issue of improving and choosing effective directions for reforming the system of resource support for the security and defense sector of Ukraine. The main purpose of the study is to analyze the provisions of military theory in the direction of the functioning of the military rear on the eve and during the German-Soviet War to develop general provisions for the transformation of military science in the field of resource support. On the basis of the systematization of literary sources and approaches to solving the research problem, it was determined that the experience of building and functioning of the military rear on the eve and during the German-Soviet War can be won in the process of transforming the resource support system. The urgency of solving this scientific problem lies in the fact that in the event of a transition to a comprehensive (total) defense in Ukraine, it will be necessary to apply effective mechanisms of resource support for defense needs. The development of the theory of military science in the direction of logistical support of troops (forces) during the Great Patriotic War is studied in the article in the following logical sequence: the main indicators of the functioning of the logistic support system during the German-Soviet War are analyzed, key organizational changes in the structure of the military rear are identified, the development of military science in the direction of logistical support of troops (forces) on the eve of the German-Soviet War, at the first and final stages. Methods of analysis and synthesis became the methodological tools of the research carried out; 1918 – 1945 was chosen as the research period. The results of the study can be useful for scientists and managers involved in resource support for defense needs.</p> Anatolii Loishyn Volodymyr Kivlyuk Ivan Tkach Copyright (c) 2021 Journal of Scientific Papers «Social development and Security» 2021-08-31 2021-08-31 11 4 81 102 10.33445/sds.2021.11.4.7 Comprehensive methodology for assessing the effectiveness of mobilizing human resources in the area of responsibility https://paperssds.eu/index.php/JSPSDS/article/view/354 <p>In the article, based on the results of the system analysis of the main factors that affect the mobilization of human resources in the territory of responsibility, the selection and substantiation of indicators for assessing its effectiveness are carried out. An improved comprehensive methodology for assessing the effectiveness of the mobilization of human resources in the territory of responsibility is presented, with the help of which the level of the region's ability to ensure the guaranteed manning of troops (forces) with human mobilization resources is assessed.</p> Dmytro Malitskyi Copyright (c) 2021 Journal of Scientific Papers «Social development and Security» 2021-08-31 2021-08-31 11 4 103 111 10.33445/sds.2021.11.4.8 On the issue of increasing the quality of economic development of the country by taking into account correlation between military expenditure and macroeconomic indicators of the country https://paperssds.eu/index.php/JSPSDS/article/view/355 <p>The authors' analysis of available open publications made it possible to identify one of the possible shortcomings of improving the economic development of the state, not taking into account the consequences of changes in military spending and macroeconomic indicators of the state during medium and long-term government planning.</p> <p>According to the authors, taking into account foreign experience is appropriate for a comprehensive analysis of the possibilities of transformation of their own economic processes. The correlation analysis generalized the results of determining possible links / dependencies between changes in the volume of expenditures for the needs of the Ministry of Defense and the level of gross domestic expenditure, inflation, closest to Ukraine and leading countries. This made it possible to single out countries with a possible positive impact of defense spending on their economic processes. Further research in this area may identify a number of analogies that should be used to improve the policy of economic development of their own country.</p> Oleh Semenenkо Ihor Moskalenko Maryna Abramova Victoriia Koverga Liliia Semenenko Ihor Tselishchev Copyright (c) 2021 Journal of Scientific Papers «Social development and Security» 2021-08-31 2021-08-31 11 4 112 122 10.33445/sds.2021.11.4.9 Methods for determining the time of maintenance of samples of military vehicles with the current system of operation https://paperssds.eu/index.php/JSPSDS/article/view/346 <p>The article proposes a variant of the method of determining the time of maintenance of military vehicles, which are in operation, in the repair period. A set of works was considered and carried out, which allows us to directly determine the timing of maintenance during the service life of military vehicles, which cause difficulties associated primarily with the need to assess the impact of maintenance on the parameter of the flow of failures and predict it changes, the methods of which are insufficiently developed. The analysis of the existing methodical apparatus of the decision of problems of substantiation of requirements to the efficiency of carrying out maintenance is carried out.</p> Denis Pavlov Copyright (c) 2021 Journal of Scientific Papers «Social development and Security» 2021-08-31 2021-08-31 11 4 123 128 10.33445/sds.2021.11.4.10 Methods for assessing the technical condition of the power elements of fighter aircraft outside the assigned indicators https://paperssds.eu/index.php/JSPSDS/article/view/356 <p>According to the Vision of the Air Force, it is planned to upgrade the fleet of aircraft to new aircraft in the service of NATO countries. However, in the transition period of re-equipment with new equipment there is a problem of maintaining the serviceability of the aging fleet. The main problem in ensuring the serviceability of the Air Force aircraft fleet is a significant depletion of resource indicators due to the high intensity of flights. The purpose of the article is to publish the results of research on a set of partial methods for assessing the technical condition of the power elements of fighter jets, when their formal resource is exhausted. These partial methods are a general method of assessing the technical condition of the power elements of fighter aircraft outside the assigned indicators. The use of the general technique will allow to make more objective decisions on the continuation (increase) of the resource of the power elements of fighter aircraft and to determine their technical condition with greater accuracy. The general technique uses in the calculations the theory of probabilities in the processing of operational data, the theory of solid mechanics and the finite element method in the calculation of the stress-strain state, the method of clustering and the theory of pattern recognition in the classification of technical condition. Despite the use of such a variety of different types of mathematical calculations - the method is intuitive and quite practical.</p> Maxim Strela Copyright (c) 2021 Journal of Scientific Papers «Social development and Security» 2021-08-31 2021-08-31 11 4 129 139 10.33445/sds.2021.11.4.11 Relationship between personal features and copy strategies in joint force participants https://paperssds.eu/index.php/JSPSDS/article/view/359 <p>The purpose of the article is to study the features of the relationship of personality traits with coping strategies in servicemen who are at the stage of decompression after leaving the combat zone. Researchers' views on the relationship between coping strategies of behavior with a number of personal characteristics in the military are analyzed. The results of an experimental study of the relationship between the personality traits of servicemen and coping strategies are presented. The following diagnostic tools were used in the study: Questionnaire of self-control methods (adaptation of WCQ method) by R. Lazarus and S. Folkman in adaptation by T. Kryukova, М. Zamyshlyaeva; personal questionnaire "SACS" (S. Hobfall); five-factor personality questionnaire; methods of multifactor study of R. Kettel's personality; Freiburg personality questionnaire. The following methods were used to process empirical data: descriptive statistics and correlation analysis. The study was conducted with 150 servicemen of the Armed Forces of Ukraine during their decompression operations, after a long stay in the area of ​​the Joint Forces Operation. It is determined that the choice of coping strategies of behavior is determined by personal characteristics. The relationships between indicators of coping strategies and personal traits are established and analyzed: emotional stability and diplomacy, isolation, neuroticism, irritability, reactive aggression, depression, masculinity / femininity, sociability, trust, diplomacy. The use of coping strategies by servicemen during decompression in connection with personal parameters has been proved. Being in difficult conditions undoubtedly affected the psychological characteristics of each soldier. The obtained results contribute to the development of a program for the development of personal determinants of the choice of effective coping strategies of servicemen at the stage of decompression.</p> Maria Yarmolchyk Liliia Semenenko Yuzef Dobrovolskyi Tetiana Poberezhec Copyright (c) 2021 Journal of Scientific Papers «Social development and Security» 2021-08-31 2021-08-31 11 4 140 148 10.33445/sds.2021.11.4.12 Analysis of the use of unmanned aviation and army aviation during a combat operation https://paperssds.eu/index.php/JSPSDS/article/view/361 <p>The article is interesting for professional military and researchers who are engaged in the development of methods and methods for using unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) in military operations. The purpose of the article is to analyze the use of UAVs in Azerbaijan-Armenia War (Second Karabakh War) in 2020.</p> <p>The article presents the main types of UAVs that were applied to Azerbaijan troops during the war, as well as their tactical and technical characteristics are revealed. The main tasks of the Army aviation on intelligence and supply of information in the interests of the terrestrial component and are relatively with the capabilities of the UAVs on the implementation of similar tasks are presented. It has been found that tasks that can perform UAV are: air opto-electronic intelligence; determination of coordinates, sizes and other characteristics of objects of damage (goals) and adjusting the fire of artillery units; exploration of ways to nominate units and their support in the course of nomination; Radio-electronic struggle; retransmission of communication in combat management systems; application by military facilities, etc.</p> Alexander Malkov Yuriy Yelchaninov Alexander Lobas Copyright (c) 2021 Journal of Scientific Papers «Social development and Security» 2021-08-31 2021-08-31 11 4 149 157 10.33445/sds.2021.11.4.13