Journal of Scientific Papers «Social development and Security» https://paperssds.eu/index.php/JSPSDS <p><strong>Focus and Scope:</strong> national security and its components; economic security of the state and its components; military and economic security; military security and its components; information security; cyber security; technologies for state security; resource potential of foreign states; resource potential of the state; problems of internal audit and internal control for ensuring state security; problems of legislative and legal security of the state; philosophical aspects of the development and functioning of the country's security and defence.</p> Public organization «Ukrainian Scientific Community» en-US Journal of Scientific Papers «Social development and Security» 2522-9842 Methods for evaluating alternative types of multi-purpose tactical aircraft for the renewal of the tactical aviation fleet of the air force of the armed forces of Ukraine https://paperssds.eu/index.php/JSPSDS/article/view/323 <p>The article presents a methodology for assessing the main combat and military-economic indicators of the types of multipurpose tactical aircraft, which can constitute many alternative options for updating the tactical aviation fleet of the Air Force of the Armed Forces of Ukraine. The methodology is based on a systematic consideration of the relationship between the quality indicators of multipurpose tactical aircraft, financial price indicators for the purchase of alternative types of tactical aircraft and predicted estimates of financial costs at the stage of their operation. A feature of the proposed methodology is the ability to operate with quantitative estimates of these indicators. As indicators of quality, it is proposed to take the coefficients of the combat potentials of alternative types of tactical aircraft when they perform tasks to counter an air enemy and when they perform tasks of destroying ground targets. It is proposed to evaluate the values of these coefficients using quasimetric models of the fighter and strike properties of a multipurpose tactical fighter, which are functional dependences of these indicators on the values of the tactical and technical characteristics of the aircraft.</p> <p>It is proposed to estimate the price of one aircraft in possible purchase contracts by using a mathematical model of the cost of one multipurpose tactical aircraft, which is developed and mass-produced for the own needs of the armed forces of the manufacturing country, represented as a functional dependence of this price on values of the coefficients of the combat potentials of the aircraft. After that, the price for aircraft purchased by import is adjusted taking into account export charges, which are determined according to statistics.</p> <p>It is proposed to estimate the financial costs of operation and all-round support for the use of tactical aircraft and the corresponding infrastructure available for the purchase, relying on the concept of a typical life cycle of military aviation equipment and a typical distribution of its cost over the main stages and stages, which are the main tool for obtaining predicted cost values stages of the life cycle of samples of military aircraft.</p> Oleksii Leontiev Maryna Naumenko Copyright (c) 2021 Journal of Scientific Papers «Social development and Security» 2021-06-07 2021-06-07 11 3 3 19 10.33445/sds.2021.11.3.1 Approaches to developing a functional defense management model https://paperssds.eu/index.php/JSPSDS/article/view/324 <p>The article analyzes the theoretical and methodological foundations of defense management as a component of public administration; foreign experience in using defense management, as well as modern business practices: highlights the genesis of its normative-legal consolidation and implementation in the activities of the defense department; a new terminological interpretation of the basic concepts of state and defense management was substantiated and proposed; approaches were formed for the development of a functional model of defense management and its implementation in the Ministry of Defense of Ukraine, the Armed Forces of Ukraine and other components of the defense forces.</p> <p>The introduction of defense management and, in particular, its functional model will ensure the creation of an effective mechanism for achieving common goals of military policy, as well as the integration and formation of effective defense planning, management and budgeting.</p> <p>This will contribute to the efficient use of limited resources (physical and financial), balancing the budgetary expenditures for the development and maintenance of the defense forces and the formation of realistic budgets, as in the Ukrainian Defense Ministry and in other components of the defense forces.</p> Andrey Nalivaiko Andrey Polyaev Copyright (c) 2021 Journal of Scientific Papers «Social development and Security» 2021-06-08 2021-06-08 11 3 20 29 10.33445/sds.2021.11.3.2 Characteristic features of the second Karabakh war https://paperssds.eu/index.php/JSPSDS/article/view/325 <p>The factors that led to the outbreak of the Second Karabakh War in late September, 2020 – enshrined in the military history of Azerbaijan as a Patriotic War or “Operation Iron Fist” – have been clarified on the basis of retrospective analysis. The military-political processes that took place during the 44-day war have been studied, their characteristic features have been presented, the contributions of “Operation Iron Fist” to world’s military art have been theoretically substantiated.</p> Khayal Iskandarov Piotr Gawliczek Copyright (c) 2021 Journal of Scientific Papers «Social development and Security» 2021-06-08 2021-06-08 11 3 30 40 10.33445/sds.2021.11.3.3 Analysis of scientific provisions of resource concepts in economic theory and theory of strategic management https://paperssds.eu/index.php/JSPSDS/article/view/326 <p>The article summarizes the arguments and counterarguments in a scientific discussion on the development of a modern concept of resource support for the security and defence sector of Ukraine. The aim of the study is to analyze the economic theory and the theory of strategic management on the presence of theoretical provisions on the transformation of the content of the economic category “resources” and resource concepts for understanding their scientific content, and development prerequisites for the development of a modern concept of resource provision for the security and defence sector of Ukraine. Based on the systematization of literary sources and approaches to solving the problem of resource support for the security and defence sector of Ukraine, it is determined that there are approaches in economic theory and the theory of strategic management that can be used in further studies of the subject area. The urgency of solving this scientific problem is confirmed by the measures initiated by the state leadership in accordance with the conceptual documents of state administration and defence planning. The subject plane in the article is investigated in the following logical sequence: economic theory is analyzed, then – the theory of strategic management, conclusions are formulated. Analysis, synthesis, decomposition, and the historical method became the methodological tools of the study. The study presents the results of an empirical analysis of economic theory and the theory of strategic management, namely, it is noted that in the course of developing a modern concept of resource support for the security and defence sector, it is necessary to take into account the main categories of the resource concept: resources, abilities, competencies, organizational routine. The study empirically confirmed and theoretically proved that the issues of scientific research of resources as an economic category and operations with them have been relevant since the time of Aristotle, which is confirmed by the constant search for mechanisms for their optimal use, taking into account the limiting factor. The results of the study can be useful for scientists and managers studying the issues of comprehensive support in the field of the security and defence sector of Ukraine.</p> Anatolii Loishyn Copyright (c) 2021 Journal of Scientific Papers «Social development and Security» 2021-06-10 2021-06-10 11 3 41 55 10.33445/sds.2021.11.3.4 Comprehensive review of the security and defence sector of Ukraine as a constituent part of security and defence management https://paperssds.eu/index.php/JSPSDS/article/view/329 <p>In developing its national security system, Ukraine is transitioning from the non-functioning post-Soviet military organization of the state to a modern security and defence sector-operating under the European and Euro-Atlantic security principles. This transformation is facilitated by the implementation of a planning system in defence and security spheres based on the experience of NATO countries, and in particular the use of defence reviews, which have been conducted, and the comprehensive review of the security and defence sector.&nbsp; This article argues that the organization and methodological support of the reviews and realization of their results demand the implementation of more effective approaches in the achievement of the main purpose of the security and defence reform – the development of an effective system of national defence. The authors offer the basics of such approaches within the context of the national planning system of Ukraine.</p> Petro Krykun Oleksandr Zatynaiko Victor Korendovych Copyright (c) 2021 Journal of Scientific Papers «Social development and Security» 2021-06-16 2021-06-16 11 3 56 61 10.33445/sds.2021.11.3.5 Comparative analysis of collective respiratory protection means and promising directions of development https://paperssds.eu/index.php/JSPSDS/article/view/330 <p>The article presents the results of a comparative analysis of tactical and technical characteristics of samples of domestic and the best leading countries in the world of filter ventilation equipment and units used to ensure the collective protection of people in combat. The experience of modern military conflicts, anti-terrorist operation and Joint Forces operation in the east of the country shows that with careful preparation of the operation (battle, hostilities), mass destruction of infrastructure, namely nuclear energy and chemical industry, as a rule, it leads to unjustified losses among servicemen and civilians. Providing collective protection under such conditions becomes possible due to the shelter of people in closed storage facilities, which ensure the viability of which use filter ventilation equipment and units. On the basis of the obtained results the perspective directions of development of means of this type are substantiated.</p> Volodymyr Kotsyuruba Ruslan Borta Bogdan Tertyshny Valery Slobodyan Copyright (c) 2021 Journal of Scientific Papers «Social development and Security» 2021-06-20 2021-06-20 11 3 62 71 10.33445/sds.2021.11.3.6 The cultural diversity of contemporary Iraq in the light of security threats and conflicts between its components https://paperssds.eu/index.php/JSPSDS/article/view/327 <p>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; In the necessities of friend-hood between peoples and nations, spreading a culture of peaceful and social coexistence, and moving away from all forms of violence, threats, and harassment of national, religious, and social minorities. The peoples of the world have successful experiences in enriching the concepts of coexistence and multiculturalism, as in a number of European and American countries. The culture and citizenship as a right for all Iraqis as an economic and productive resource for development, the spread culture of human rights and cultural diversity in one country are beneficial. Rather, it means openness to diverse cultures that enrich human characteristics, explode the energies of creativity and participation, economic development, in order to avoid the feeling of the power superiority of the great "nation" over small nations it needs to assimilate a culture of diversity, participation, and dialogue at the grassroots and middle-class levels, as to be associated with institutions, cultural and legal structures, constitutional legislation, and economic, social and educational reforms. To end up the authority of tyranny that dominates all components, and the various local groups in their customs, traditions, languages, and ways of expressing them, requires popular awareness and an intellectual renaissance so that contributes to the transition to a new stage.</p> Ziyad Abdulqadir Copyright (c) 2021 Journal of Scientific Papers «Social development and Security» 2021-06-20 2021-06-20 11 3 72 78 10.33445/sds.2021.11.3.7 Use of methods of the strategic analysis in conducting defense planning of the State Border Guard Service of Ukraine https://paperssds.eu/index.php/JSPSDS/article/view/320 <p>The State Border Guard Service of Ukraine is a component of the security and defense sector and with changing conditions and further development there is a need to conduct a review of the situation based on the analysis of strengths, weaknesses, opportunities and threats (SWOT), which is the basis for determining the main directions of the State Border Guard Service. Of Ukraine. The initial data are the existing legal framework, scenarios and situations of development of the military-political situation, functions and responsibilities of the border agency. The importance of the main parameters was determined by the method of expert assessment and with the help of SWOT analysis in the conditions of daily activity, in the conditions of complication of the situation and in the conditions of military character, opportunities and threats, the directions of further development of the State Border Guard Service of Ukraine were substantiated. . SWOT - analysis is an adequate method for conducting strategic analysis, which allows to determine the directions of development of units and subdivisions of the State Border Guard Service of Ukraine and substantiation of their tasks. Thus, the analysis identifies the strengths and weaknesses of the border agency, opportunities and threats in the day-to-day, in a difficult situation and in a military nature, which can be further used in providing proposals to determine the main activities and further development of the State. Border Guard Service of Ukraine, as well as taken into account when submitting proposals on the content of the draft Strategy of Public Safety and Civil Protection of Ukraine.</p> Artem Bratko Dmytro Sofijan Oleg Kovalchuk Copyright (c) 2021 Journal of Scientific Papers «Social development and Security» 2021-06-20 2021-06-20 11 3 79 88 10.33445/sds.2021.11.3.8 Regarding the management of the capabilities to meet the needs of the armed forces with ammunition https://paperssds.eu/index.php/JSPSDS/article/view/331 <p>The article analyzes the tasks performed by the Armed Forces of Ukraine and measures to provide ammunition to the Armed Forces of Ukraine in peacetime and in wartime. The purpose of the study is to analyze the correspondence between the tasks of the Armed Forces of Ukraine and ammunition stocks. Based on the systematization of literature sources and approaches, it was clarified that under any circumstances, the Armed Forces must ensure the deterrence of armed aggression against Ukraine, as well as participate in measures to combat terrorism. The methodological tools of the study were analysis, synthesis, decomposition, experience of hostilities in eastern Ukraine. The study examines the processes of acquiring the necessary capabilities to provide ammunition to the Armed Forces of Ukraine in peacetime and in wartime. Indicators and criteria for assessing the effectiveness of capabilities to meet the needs of the Armed Forces with ammunition are proposed. The information-logical model of the process of providing the Armed Forces with ammunition in peacetime and in wartime is proposed, which gives a clear idea of the ratio of tasks performed by the Armed Forces of Ukraine and measures to provide ammunition to the Armed Forces of Ukraine in peacetime and wartime.</p> Yevhenii Kosaretsky Anatoliy Pavlikovsky Kostiantyn Hunbin Oleh Bondarenko Michael Lavruk Copyright (c) 2021 Journal of Scientific Papers «Social development and Security» 2021-06-20 2021-06-20 11 3 89 97 10.33445/sds.2021.11.3.9 Modern features of formation and development of the resource management system in the Armed Forces of Ukraine https://paperssds.eu/index.php/JSPSDS/article/view/333 <p>Given the constant dynamics of the state of development of the national economy of the state, the influence of external and internal factors on the development of the Armed Forces of Ukraine, meeting the needs of their development in resources should be based on the principles of effective use and management of defense resources, both at the stage of formation of defense planning documents and during their direct execution. The adaptation of the military planning system in modern conditions of state development, as well as the development and reform of the Armed Forces of Ukraine, should be based on indicators of the required level of the country's defense capability, taking into account the economic capabilities of the state to meet the needs for defensive resources. In the article, the authors clarified the concept of defensive resources, defined the concept of managing defense resources, and also defined the subjects and objects of managing defense resources at the level of the state and the Armed Forces of Ukraine; the external and internal context of the management of defense resources on a national scale was formed, as well as the structure of the main processes and interaction between the elements of the defense resource management system in the Armed Forces of Ukraine; clarified the vertical of units involved in the processes of managing defense resources in the Armed Forces of Ukraine; the main tasks of the objects of management of defense resources in the Ministry of Defense of Ukraine and the Armed Forces of Ukraine have been determined, and the basic principles of this process have been formed at the level of the state and the Armed Forces of Ukraine. Also, the authors in the article have identified the main indicators characterizing the efficiency of resource management in the formation and implementation of activities of programs and plans for the development of the capabilities of the Armed Forces of Ukraine. The main direction of further research on the topic of the article is the development of theoretical or methodological foundations for effective management of defense resources both at the level of the Armed Forces of Ukraine and at the state level.</p> Oleh Semenenkо Petro Onofriychuk Ivan Motrunych Oleh Ostapets Alevtina Getman Olha Romanchenko Copyright (c) 2021 Journal of Scientific Papers «Social development and Security» 2021-06-24 2021-06-24 11 3 98 115 10.33445/sds.2021.11.3.10 Analysis of theory and practice of evaluation of the influence of the results of the modernization of weapons and military equipment on the combat possibilities of the armed forces of the armed forces of Ukraine https://paperssds.eu/index.php/JSPSDS/article/view/334 <p>Significant changes in the military-political, socio-economic and demographic state of Ukraine that have occurred in recent years have caused the need to develop new approaches to ensuring its national security, including the definition and clarification of: the tasks of the Armed Forces, their role and place in the structure the security and defense sectors of Ukraine; scientifically substantiated goals of reforming the Armed Forces; the composition and structure of the services of the Armed Forces, combat arms and special forces, which can optimally ensure armed protection of national interests, territorial integrity of Ukraine; a cost estimate of the costs required to implement plans to reform the Armed Forces and to maintain them at the required level of combat and mobilization readiness; the economic capabilities of the state to meet the needs of the Armed Forces, which are due to the need to solve the tasks assigned to them, and the like. One of the main issues of the further development of the Armed Forces of Ukraine today is the quality and completeness of the solution to the issues of military-technical policy. The degree of implementation of which directly affects the state and technical equipment of the Armed Forces and depends on many components that create both positive and negative effects on the state and further development of the Armed Forces. The main role in this process is played by the financing of the needs of the Armed Forces of Ukraine in the required volume, as well as the scientific substantiation of medium-term and long-term plans for the development of weapons and military equipment. When developing them, it is necessary to be based on the needs of ensuring the required level of defense capability by finding the optimal balance between the defensive needs and economic capabilities of the state, on the one hand, and the combat and technical characteristics of weapons and military equipment, on the other hand. It is on the state of financing of defense needs that the degree of fulfillment of the tasks of equipping the Armed Forces of Ukraine with the latest or modernized models of weapons and military equipment depends. This raises the problem of finding the most optimal (expedient), from a military and economic point of view, ways to provide the Armed Forces of Ukraine with samples of weapons and military equipment. The authors in the article present the results of the analysis of the theory and practice of assessing the impact of the results of modernization of weapons and military equipment on the combat capabilities of military formations, as well as the factors that affect them. The analysis was carried out in the following areas: analysis and assessment of the impact of modernization on the level of combat capabilities of a military formation; analysis of the modernization of the Armed Forces of Ukraine; analysis of the existing methodological apparatus for determining the requirements for quantitative and qualitative characteristics in the modernization of weapons and military equipment. Based on the results obtained, the authors have proposed a number of recommendations for further research on improving the combat capabilities of the Armed Forces of Ukraine, taking into account the results of modernization of weapons and military equipment in the formation of medium-term and long-term development programs.</p> Oleh Semenenkо Stanislav Trehubenko Konstantin Kharitonov Liliia Semenenko Vladimir Musienko Oleh Tarasov Copyright (c) 2021 Journal of Scientific Papers «Social development and Security» 2021-06-28 2021-06-28 11 3 116 129 10.33445/sds.2021.11.3.11 Specific issues of assessment of helicopters security at the test stage https://paperssds.eu/index.php/JSPSDS/article/view/335 <p>The process of testing any military aircraft, including helicopters, is to obtain the parameters (flight characteristics) that characterize this sample, and compare them with the parameters specified in the request for proposal.&nbsp; One of the key requirements for the protection system of modern helicopters is to reduce their thermal visibility, which is successfully implemented through the installation of screen-exhaust devices.&nbsp; The main characteristics of screen-exhaust devices contain a range of parameters and factors that not only require a comprehensive approach to assessing their effectiveness, but also constantly changing in the light of new developments in this area.&nbsp; Therefore, the question of improving the methods of assessment of the subsystem of screen-exhaust devices at the stage of testing the helicopter is quite relevant.</p> <p>Assessment of compliance of the helicopter with the installed screen-exhaust devices to the requirements of the tactical and technical task, at the testing stage, is impossible without a separate method, the use of which will provide a unified approach to determining the effectiveness of protection at pre-design and early design stages of development (modernization)&nbsp; also when testing protection systems of modernized and newest models of helicopter equipment.</p> <p>Many scientific researches and publications, both in Ukraine and abroad, have been paid attention to the problem of assessing the security of helicopters by reducing thermal visibility.&nbsp; But existing approaches do not fully take into account modern protection systems, such as screen-exhaust devices, which limits their use in testing new and upgraded models of helicopters.</p> <p>Given the current development of technology, there is a logical question of assessing the security of helicopters, taking into account the contribution of the subsystem of screen-exhaust devices of the protection system at the stage of their testing.</p> <p>The article analyzes the main components that determine the order of selection of criteria for evaluating the effectiveness of the helicopter protection system, taking into account the contribution of the subsystem of screen-exhaust devices. The analysis of the hierarchical structure of the helicopter, presented in the form of a complex technical system, which consists of elements that determine its properties. Ways to improve the methods of assessing the contribution of screen-exhaust devices to the overall protection system of the helicopter during the tests are proposed.</p> <p>According to the research results, a method of helicopter security assessment is proposed taking into account the contribution of the screen-exhaust device subsystem of the protection system, which allows to determine the weakest properties of the subsystem, assess its overall level, characterized by a set of indicators and develop measures to improve helicopter security.</p> Ihor Televnyi Anton Kozyr Pavlo Open’ko Copyright (c) 2021 Journal of Scientific Papers «Social development and Security» 2021-06-28 2021-06-28 11 3 130 139 10.33445/sds.2021.11.3.12 Justification of technical requirements for the sight anti-tank artillery https://paperssds.eu/index.php/JSPSDS/article/view/336 <p>The issues of the formation of technical requirements for the modernized sights of anti-tank artillery guns are considered, options for their instrumentation and requirements for it are proposed.</p> <p>The effectiveness of the use of anti-tank weapons in the conduct of hostilities depends on their characteristics, among which is the possibility of recognizing and hitting targets at any time of the year and time of day.</p> <p>The 100-mm MT-12 anti-tank cannon is equipped with an optical sight, which does not fully ensure its aiming at a target in conditions of limited visibility, and the APN-6-40 night sight is structurally outdated and ineffective. This forces an active search for ways to solve the problem of the combat use of this type of weapons and military equipment, one of which is the modernization of the anti-tank artillery sight, which will replace the existing ones and, in general, increase the combat effectiveness of the anti-tank cannon.</p> <p>An analysis of similar weapons in the most militarily developed countries shows that the path of modernization of a significant part of weapons and military equipment is promising, in addition, the financial costs of developing a model of weapons and military equipment (modernization) can be reduced several times in comparison with the creation of a new model of weapons. In many countries, modernization is viewed as one of the main ways of providing technical support for the defense capability of the armed forces. For example, the United States, when deciding on the need to develop and produce a new weapon system, takes into account the possibilities of modernizing weapons in service. A positive decision is made only if all the possibilities of modernization have been exhausted or it is inexpedient.</p> Oleksiy Laznya Nickolay Dorofeev Boris Melnyk Copyright (c) 2021 Journal of Scientific Papers «Social development and Security» 2021-06-28 2021-06-28 11 3 140 147 10.33445/sds.2021.11.3.13 Methodical bases of research of an estimation of efficiency of operation and repair of military automobile equipment https://paperssds.eu/index.php/JSPSDS/article/view/337 <p>The methodical bases of research of efficiency of operation and repair of military automobile equipment are considered in the article. A set of works on the possibility and feasibility of work to extend the service life, development and repair, modernization with the participation of domestic enterprises and research institutions of the state. The analysis of the existing methodical apparatus of the decision of problems of substantiation of requirements to efficiency of repair is carried out. The dependence of cost costs and technical perfection of special purpose equipment is considered. It is shown that the improvement of the existing methodological apparatus on the basis of developing a comprehensive assessment methodology can provide an opportunity to determine the feasibility of repairs, justification in terms of performance and operating conditions, economic costs, service life, future prospects of military vehicles and production capacity.</p> Denis Pavlov Alexander Nesterov Copyright (c) 2021 Journal of Scientific Papers «Social development and Security» 2021-06-28 2021-06-28 11 3 148 155 10.33445/sds.2021.11.3.14 Modern methods for forecasting the technical condition of aviation equipment https://paperssds.eu/index.php/JSPSDS/article/view/338 <p>The article discusses methodological approaches to predicting changes in the technical state of aircraft structures based on the results of statistical processing of data received from repair and operating organizations. The results of forecasting changes in time of the parameters of the state of aviation equipment by the methods of linear and nonlinear forecasting during operation according to the technical state are presented. The possibility of the practical application of the proposed methods in determining the maintenance system and the required amount of additional work during the operation of aviation equipment is shown.</p> Volodymyr Kotsyuruba Ivan Datsenko Andrej Bolohin Copyright (c) 2021 Journal of Scientific Papers «Social development and Security» 2021-06-29 2021-06-29 11 3 156 161 10.33445/sds.2021.11.3.15 Conceptual approaches to the formation of criteria for evaluating the effectiveness of the internal control system in the ministry of defense of Ukraine https://paperssds.eu/index.php/JSPSDS/article/view/339 <p>The article deals with the main reasons for the slowdown in the development of the internal control system in the public sector of Ukraine. It acts as an instrument for increasing the efficiency of the control object in general. The purpose of the article is to develop conceptual approaches, based on systemic and process approaches, to the formation of criteria for assessing the efficiency of the internal control system in the long run and the determination of the most adapted standard for this purpose. In the course of achieving the research goal, the following methods were used: analysis, synthesis, induction, deduction, systematic approach, analogy.</p> <p>The global tendency to increase the transparency of the functioning of state institutions is realized by implementation an internal control system as an element of the institution management system. In this case, there is a need to evaluate the efficiency of this system.</p> <p>The functioning of appropriate internal control and internal audit is a prerequisite for the accession of new members in the EU. The analysis of the domestic regulatory framework in the field of functioning of the internal control system showed the absence of an only methodology for evaluating its efficiency in the public sector and an urgent need for its creation in Ukraine.</p> Stanislav Slobodianyk Pavlo Parkhomenko Оleksandr Demenev Ivan Tkach Copyright (c) 2021 Journal of Scientific Papers «Social development and Security» 2021-06-29 2021-06-29 11 3 162 178 10.33445/sds.2021.11.3.16 Methodological approach to assessing the effectiveness of the metrological maintenance system of measuring instruments for the weapons and military equipment parameters control https://paperssds.eu/index.php/JSPSDS/article/view/340 <p>The NATO standards implementation in the field of defense requires us to take certain steps to modernize existing and manufacture new types of weapons and military equipment, as well as means of its maintenance, which include measuring instruments, systems and complexes with the help of which the parameters of weapons are monitored.</p> <p>At the same time, today the process of metrological maintenance of measuring instruments for weapons and military equipment parameters control requires improvement, which will ensure the reliable functioning of measuring control devices and weapons in general.</p> <p>To achieve optimal performance of the metrological maintenance system of measuring instruments for weapons and military equipment parameters control, it is necessary to assess the effectiveness of its work according to certain indicators.</p> <p>The article proposes a methodological approach to assessing the effectiveness of the metrological maintenance system of measuring instruments for the weapons and military equipment parameters control, in particular, in terms of reliability indicators, system response time to failures and certainty indicators of measurement control results.</p> Andrii Diadechko Copyright (c) 2021 Journal of Scientific Papers «Social development and Security» 2021-06-30 2021-06-30 11 3 179 188 10.33445/sds.2021.11.3.17 Recommendations for evaluating the battle efficiency of the use of troops taking into account the creation and use of different options of reconnaissance-strike systems in operations https://paperssds.eu/index.php/JSPSDS/article/view/341 <p>The experience of using troops in joint force operations has shown the need to improve existing approaches to the principles and methods of combat employment of groupings of troops. Today, there is a clear tendency of transition from platform-centric to network-centric principles of warfare. One of the possible ways of transition to network-centric principles of warfare is the creation of reconnaissance-strike systems by situational integration of existing forces and means of reconnaissance, control and destruction into target systems in a single information space. The reconnaissance-strike systems will be built from a multitude of subsystems united by information relations, which function as a whole, on the basis of common principles and rules, with agreed basic requirements for their components. The integration of various forces and assets into target systems creates the prerequisites for the presence of several possible options for these systems, which have different assessments of the effectiveness of their use, the cost indicators of their creation, maintenance and use, as well as different time intervals for their creation and putting them on alert. One of the criteria for making a decision on the advisability of choosing one or another variant of a reconnaissance-strike systems is an indicator of an increase in the effectiveness of the combat employment of troops due to the principles of synergetic effect in the case of the creation and use of different versions of reconnaissance-strike systems. The practical implementation of proposals for the creation of new or improvement of existing reconnaissance-strike systems in the Armed Forces of Ukraine, as well as the development of methodological approaches for choosing the most rational version of these systems will require certain methodological recommendations to clarify approaches to assessing the combat effectiveness of the use of troops, taking into account the results of applying this or another version of the reconnaissance-strike systems in the operations of the Joint Forces of the Armed Forces of Ukraine. The author in the article proposes an algorithm for assessing the combat effectiveness of the use of troops, taking into account the creation and use of various options for reconnaissance-strike systems in an operation, on the basis of which the main recommendations for assessing combat effectiveness based on the use of reconnaissance-strike systems in an operation are formulated, and practical calculations of the effectiveness of various variants of reconnaissance-strike systems and a nomogram of the choice of a rational number of means of destruction of a reconnaissance-strike systems in conditions of a given number of means of destruction of the enemy is proposed.</p> Artem Remez Copyright (c) 2021 Journal of Scientific Papers «Social development and Security» 2021-07-01 2021-07-01 11 3 189 201 10.33445/sds.2021.11.3.18 Hybrid warfare is a modern strategy of confrontation https://paperssds.eu/index.php/JSPSDS/article/view/343 <p>The article considers scientific publications on the experience of confronting hybrid threats to the world. On the basis of these materials the purposes, the maintenance of hybrid war is defined and its definition is formulated.</p> <p>The emergence and development of new strategic factors gave rise to the concept of hybrid warfare as a strategy of confrontation between states, which cannot be purely attributed to either war or peace. The term “hybrid war” was first introduced in US and British military documents at the beginning of the 21st century.</p> <p>In today's wars and armed conflicts, both in Ukraine and in other regions of the world, the dominant important features and characteristics of the wars of the future are manifested. They are increasingly becoming a hybrid (“combined”) nature. At present, the experience of anti-terrorist operation and environmental protection shows that we are facing a hybrid war, which we cannot end with traditional methods.</p> Oleg Posmitukh Mykola Pavlunko Vadim Kovalskyy Copyright (c) 2021 Journal of Scientific Papers «Social development and Security» 2021-06-30 2021-06-30 11 3 202 208 10.33445/sds.2021.11.3.19 Synthesis of rational structures of joint aviation groups combat formation https://paperssds.eu/index.php/JSPSDS/article/view/344 <p>The existing combat command and control strategy, based on the command and control method of the leader or chief, naturally cannot stimulate the involvement of a structural analyze to solve command and control problems. The skill of the aerobatics in the group is reduced to the level of training of pilots, whose ability to control their place in combat formation is limited and enclosed in the scheme: the leader – the led. The orientation to automate the command and control of joint combat formations of manned and unmanned aviation, in the absence of a pilot on board the unmanned aerial vehicle, takes the problem beyond the modeling (simulation) of the actions of the pilot in the performance of group flight and provides for the task of structural and parametric optimization of the combat formation parameters of manned and unmanned aerial vehicles in the combat formation area. The essence of the problem lies in significantly improving the effectiveness of existing principles of command and control and implementation of fundamentally new ways of command and control by combat formations, which are based on improving the capabilities of navigation and monitoring the aircraft's place in combat formation. One way to achieve these goals is to develop methods to find sustainable and well-controlled structures.</p> Leonid Artyushin Volodymyr Herasymenko Volodymyr Koval Copyright (c) 2021 Journal of Scientific Papers «Social development and Security» 2021-06-30 2021-06-30 11 3 209 220 10.33445/sds.2021.11.3.20