Emerging applications, technologies, and services in wireless communications: 5G to 6G evolution

  • Mykola Servetnyk National Yang Ming Chiao Tung University, Hsinchu
  • Ruslan Servetnyk The National Defence University of Ukraine named after Ivan Cherniakhovskyi
Keywords: Next-generation networks, 5G NR, B5G, 6G, emerging technologies, services, applications


The fifth-generation (5G) of wireless communications was launched worldwide in 2020 with solid technical specifications and standards. Therefore, the focus of major vendors and academies is now switching towards deployment of beyond 5G (B5G) communications and 6G. As a result, provision and trends for global developments appear to outline requirements and services to satisfy future societal needs. This article provides a vision for the post-5G era of wireless communications, which serves as a research guide for scientists and commercial organizations. Current achievements of 5G New Radio (5G NR) are capable of bringing human-centric communications to their limit with applications such as Extended Reality (XR), Internet-of-Things (IoT), Smart Healthcare, 4K video streaming, etc. Therefore, we suggest that machine-centric communications will now emerge as a new part of 6G networks. To justify this perspective, we provide a systematic overview of emerging applications in wireless communications. We show how and why these services are possible by identifying key enabling technologies and advances in the manufacturing process. Further, we analyze trade-offs between solutions and required cost, which is essential for business model planning of 6G. Finally, issues behind the commercialization of future technologies, such as social and health factors, integration with existing networks, and inevitable performance limits from the basic sciences, are discussed.


Download data is not yet available.

Author Biographies

Mykola Servetnyk , National Yang Ming Chiao Tung University, Hsinchu


Ruslan Servetnyk , The National Defence University of Ukraine named after Ivan Cherniakhovskyi

Candidate of Pedagogical Science, senior researcher


Dang S., et al. "What should 6G be?," Nature Electronics 3.1 (2020): 20-29.

Viswanathan H. , and P. E. Mogensen. "Communications in the 6G era," IEEE Access 8 (2020): 57063-57074.

Ericsson, "Ever-present intelligent communicatioEricssonsson White Paper, available from: https://www.ericsson.com/4ab9e4/ assets/local/reports-papers/white-papers/ericsson-white-paper-research-outlook-towards-6g.pdf, (2020).

Samsung Research, "6G: The Next Hyper-Connected Experience for All," Samsung White Paper, available from: https://research.samsung.com/next-generation-communications, (2020).

Brown G. "Exploring 5G new radio: Use cases capabilities & timeline." Qualcomm White Paper, available from: https://www.qualcomm.com/media/documents/files/heavy-reading-whitepaper-exploring-5g-new-radio-use-cases-capabilities-timeline.pdf, (2016): 1-12.

Huawei Technologies Co. Ltd. "5G: safety requirements and safety principles," Huawei White Paper, available from: https://max.book118.com/html/2017/0709/121290873.shtm, (2015).

Docomo NTT. “5G Evolution and 6G,” Docomo White Paper, available from: https://doi.org/10.1145/3427796.3432714, (2020).

Nakamura T. "5G Evolution and 6G," IEEE Symposium on VLSI Technology, (2020): 1-5.

Saad W., M. Bennis, and M. Chen. "A vision of 6G wireless systems: Applications, trends, technologies, and open research problems." IEEE network 34.3 (2019): 134-142.

GPP TS 38.300. "New Radio (NR); Overall description; Stage-2." (2018).

GPP TR 38.901, “Study on channel model for frequencies from 0.5 to 100 GHz (release 15),” (2018).

Mezzavilla, M. et al. "End-to-end simulation of 5G mmWave networks." IEEE Communications Surveys & Tutorials 20.3 (2018): 2237-2263.

Sengupta K. , T. Nagatsuma, and D. M. Mittleman. "Terahertz integrated electronic and hybrid electronic–photonic systems," Nature Electronics 1.12 (2018): 622-635.

Nagatsuma T., G. Ducournau, and C. C. Renaud. "Advances in terahertz communications accelerated by photonics," Nature Photonics 10.6 (2016): 371-379.

Servetnyk M. , C. C. Fung, and H. Zhu "Unsupervised Federated Learning for Unbalanced Data." IEEE Global Communications Conference, (2020): 1-6.

Wu Q., Zhang R. "Towards smart and reconfigurable environment: Intelligent reflecting surface aided wireless network." IEEE Communications Magazine 58.1 (2019): 106-112.

Zeng Z. , et al. "A survey of underwater optical wireless communications." IEEE communications surveys & tutorials 19.1 (2016): 204-238.

Abstract views: 379
PDF Downloads: 333
How to Cite
Servetnyk , M., & Servetnyk , R. (2021). Emerging applications, technologies, and services in wireless communications: 5G to 6G evolution. Social Development and Security, 11(2), 3-10. https://doi.org/10.33445/sds.2021.11.2.1