Journal of Scientific Papers «Social development and Security» http://paperssds.eu/index.php/JSPSDS <p><strong>Focus and Scope:</strong>&nbsp;national security of the state and its components; economic security of the state and its components; military and economic security; military security of the state and its components; informational security; cybernetic security; technologies for state security; resource potential of foreign states; resource potential of the state; problems of internal audit and internal control for ensuring state security; problems of legislative and legal security of the state; philosophical aspects of the development and functioning of the country's security and defense forces.</p> en-US tkachivan9@gmail.com (Ivan) nyck1985@ukr.net (Tkach Mikola) Tue, 02 Jul 2019 19:11:01 +0300 OJS 3.1.2.0 http://blogs.law.harvard.edu/tech/rss 60 Problematic issues of legal regulation of the activities of entities engaged in the protection and defense of military property http://paperssds.eu/index.php/JSPSDS/article/view/108 <p>Protection and defense of property require the existence of clear legal regulation. The definition of effective administrative and legal mechanisms is possible only in the presence of a scientific basis. Currently, in the theory of administrative law, there are no classifications of entities that carry out the protection and defense of military property. Accordingly, the legislation of Ukraine does not specify a state body or system of bodies responsible for performing the functions of protection and defense of military property. This issue requires the introduction of clear state mechanisms for monitoring the protection and defense of military property, assessing their effectiveness.</p> <p>The article deals with a legal category such as administrative and legal status. In more detail, the author drew attention to the peculiarities of the legal status of the subjects who carry out the protection and defense of military property. The following legal categories are analyzed: competence, tasks, functions and powers, rights and obligations, and their correlation with each other. Author's definition of the concepts of "competence" and "authority" is proposed.</p> Oksana Melnyk , Vyacheslav Tienshev Copyright (c) http://paperssds.eu/index.php/JSPSDS/article/view/108 Sun, 30 Jun 2019 00:00:00 +0300 Analysis of factors, those affect the effectiveness of the logistics system of the Armed Forces of Ukraine http://paperssds.eu/index.php/JSPSDS/article/view/112 <p>In the article, based on the conducted analysis of the functioning of the logistics system of the Armed Forces of Ukraine, after the evaluation of the overall indicator, the main directions of development and improvement of it through the introduction of a unified automated logistic management system are offered.</p> <p>One of the most important tasks of modern system analysis is the estimation of the general indicator of the level of functioning of the system of logistics on the basis of a set of partial indicators of its subsystems and parameters.</p> <p>When analyzing a complex system, the mathematical apparatus used is highly effective, but it is still an auxiliary research tool. Using the method of system performance evaluation, these indicators are optimized according to the timeliness and completeness of the logistics of the Armed Forces of Ukraine, its improvement, and the ability to perform the assigned tasks in the structure of the Ukrainian Defense Forces. An important feature of information analysis in the study of the system, elaboration and justification of control influences is the joint use of both quantitative information and qualitative for finding alternative levers of indicators that are likely to characterize subsystems.</p> <p>To improve the efficiency of the logistics system in crisis situations, a method for assessing the subsystem for improving the level of functioning of the logistics system has been applied, and the directions for reducing the negative impact of deficiencies in the work of the system on the process of logistics and ways of solving problem issues have been identified.</p> Igor Vlasov , Mykhaylo Mechetenko, Iurii Hannenko Copyright (c) http://paperssds.eu/index.php/JSPSDS/article/view/112 Sun, 30 Jun 2019 00:00:00 +0300 Indistinct structure of targets to formalize the tasks of dynamic objects management http://paperssds.eu/index.php/JSPSDS/article/view/116 <p>To solve the problems of managing dynamic objects, the generalized structure of target installations has found wide application, which is a kind of heterogeneous functional network. At the same time, the formalization apparatus allows to describe the structure of the target model itself, to establish the truth of the relationship between the goals for each aspect of knowledge, to control the process of achieving the targets and the replenishment of knowledge. However, the existing means of formalizing logical-analytical activities of decision-makers are based on classical logic, which dramatically reduces the quality of decisions taken in conditions of uncertainty. The existing contradiction between the complexity of decision-making processes for managing dynamic objects and the imperfection of the formalization apparatus for solving these problems under uncertainty conditions necessitates the refinement of the means of formalization and forms the purpose of the article. The authors consider an approach to supplement the target structure with elements of fuzzy sets. The proposed formalization apparatus, called the fuzzy structure of target settings, significantly expands the descriptive capabilities, allows for initial conditions and manipulating knowledge in a wide range to obtain a solution for controlling a dynamic object, characterized by sharing the generalized structure of targets and the apparatus of fuzzy sets. The combination of these two approaches allowed, within the framework of a single formalism, to carry out the designation of the initial conditions not by rigid boundary values 0 and 1, but by any number from the range [0, 1], thus achieving a more accurate description of the properties of the modeled domain. At the same time, the rejection of the vertices of the search, algorithmic, and comparison makes it possible to significantly simplify the structure of the targets and the computational procedure on it. The description of the subject area obtained in the article due to the proposed formalization apparatus will allow, as a result of logical inference, to calculate the value of the membership function at any level of the target structure hierarchy, which will make it possible to more accurately relate the achieved and planned situations and, accordingly, make more informed decisions on managing dynamic objects.</p> Olexandr Tуmochko, Maxim Pavlenko, Olexandr Timochko, Maksym Tyshchenko, Pavlo Openʹko Copyright (c) http://paperssds.eu/index.php/JSPSDS/article/view/116 Sun, 30 Jun 2019 00:00:00 +0300 Experience of Finland during the winter war of 1939-1940: conclusions for Ukraine http://paperssds.eu/index.php/JSPSDS/article/view/118 <p>The article analyzes the background and the timeline of the Winter War between Finland and the Soviet Union in 1939–1940, which allowed Finland, the only one from the former colonies, to preserve sovereignty. Therewith the article considers the actions of Soviet Russia, and subsequently the USSR on the restoration of the empire from its collapse in 1917 and the end of the Second World War. It is concluded that the actions of the metropolis have not undergone significant changes both in form and content. Therefore the Winter War experience gives reason to generate adequate, and if necessary – asymmetric responses to the challenges facing Ukraine today. The author substantiates the idea that the core of the renewal of Ukrainian society should be the military reform. It will allow to revive a powerful defense-industrial complex. And this, in turn, will contribute to restoring the industrial potential of our state. At the same time, as a result of military reform, there should appear a “new model of the army” in Ukraine, and new approaches to the Russian-Ukrainian war should emerge.</p> Vitaliy Chorny Copyright (c) http://paperssds.eu/index.php/JSPSDS/article/view/118 Sun, 30 Jun 2019 00:00:00 +0300 Immediately mathematical model of maneuverability of the items of the administration http://paperssds.eu/index.php/JSPSDS/article/view/120 <p>At the current stage of the reformation of the Armed Forces of Ukraine in the context of the operation of the United Nations (Anti-Terrorist Operation (ATO)), there was a need to increase the effectiveness of the use of troops without increasing the cost of the resource. In the context of increasing capabilities of the armies of the leading countries in the world to investigate and defeat the forces of the opposite side, the problem of maintaining and restoring combat capability in the course of hostilities is very acute. One of the important components that determines combat capability is the maneuverability of the control points (PU). In the course of the defense, the problem of increasing the survivability of the PU system is important because the forces of the opposite side, with the onset of aggression, will try, first of all, to dismantle the PU using modern means of defeat and the massive use of high-precision weapons (WTZ), as well as aircraft and artillery strikes, electronic information and information fight, the use of sabotage and reconnaissance groups and tactical airborne troops to disrupt the control of defending troops. Important importance of the ability to timely carry out maneuver (organized movement) of PU and its elements into a new area in the preparation and in the course of military operations. The traditional approach to ensuring the survivability of PU does not allow to ensure the proper stability of their functioning. There is an objective necessity in the development of such a mathematical model of maneuverability, which in its characteristics would meet the dynamically increasing requirements of the control system of troops in the difficult conditions of projected operations. To ensure the quality management of military units, various measures to ensure the survivability of PU are considered. The article outlines approaches to the definition of indicators of estimation of maneuverability of PU and methods of their calculation. The research is carried out in modern conditions of combat operations, taking into account the movement of the line of the combat collision of the parties and the disclosure of the PU to the enemy's intelligence.</p> Volodymyr Kotsyuruba, Ruslan Cherevko Copyright (c) http://paperssds.eu/index.php/JSPSDS/article/view/120 Sun, 30 Jun 2019 00:00:00 +0300 Selection of indicators of the scientific and methodological apparatus for assessing the effectiveness of the internal control system of the ministry of defense of Ukraine http://paperssds.eu/index.php/JSPSDS/article/view/121 <p>The article summarizes the arguments and counterarguments in the framework of scientific discussion on the choice of indicators of the scientific and methodological apparatus for assessing the effectiveness of the system of internal control of the Ministry of Defense of Ukraine. The main purpose of the study is to study the possibility of choosing the indicators of the scientific and methodological apparatus for assessing the effectiveness of the internal control system. The systematization of literary sources and approaches to solving the problems considered in the article showed that the research problem is partly described and needs to be generalized and revised. The urgency of solving this scientific problem lies in the fact that the system of the Ministry of Defense of Ukraine and the Armed Forces of Ukraine actively implements a risk-oriented system of internal control in accordance with the general reform of the defense department to NATO standards. The research of the choice of indicators of the effectiveness of the internal control system in the article is carried out in the following logical sequence: the definition of the corresponding conceptual apparatus is formulated, namely, the interpretation of the terms: "indicator", the available approaches to the assessment of the effectiveness of the internal control system for the presence of indicators; a choice of indicators was made based on the results of their analysis and comparison, which can be offered to the scientific and methodical apparatus for assessing the effectiveness of the internal control system of the Ministry of Defense of Ukraine. The methodical tools of the research were the methods of analysis, synthesis, comparison, induction; the study period is the years from 1976 to the present. The object of the study is the process of assessing the effectiveness of the system of internal control in the system of the Ministry of Defense of Ukraine, since it is not sufficiently investigated. The study presents the results of empirical analysis of the choice of indicators, which showed the possibility of their inclusion in further research. The study empirically confirms and theoretically proves that these indicators must be taken into account when assessing the effectiveness of the internal control system of the Ministry of Defense of Ukraine. The results of the research can be useful for internal control and internal audit specialists.</p> Anatolii Loishyn Copyright (c) http://paperssds.eu/index.php/JSPSDS/article/view/121 Sun, 30 Jun 2019 00:00:00 +0300 Conceptual bases for the use of the armed forces and other military formations during the elimination of the consequences of emergencies, taking into account the risk of occupational activity ofthe personnel involved in the management oftechnogenic safety http://paperssds.eu/index.php/JSPSDS/article/view/122 <p>In the article, based on an analysis of the use of national armed forces and other militarized formations during the elimination of the consequences of emergency situations of a natural, man-made and military emergencies, conceptual foundations were proposed that are based on the identified trends, established conformities, formulated principles and the developed concept of such an application. The basic idea of these conceptual foundations is minimizing the risk of personnel when it is used during emergency situations of a natural, man-made and military nature, including the elimination of their consequences in order to manage technological safety.The conceptual foundations for the use of troops (forces) of the Armed Forces of Ukraine and other militarized formations during the elimination of the consequences of emergency situations of a natural, man-made and military emergencies is the rationale for developing a set of methods, techniques, models and algorithms for such an application and assessing its effectiveness, which, in turn, will allow to develop recommendations and proposals on the use of troops (forces) of the Armed Forces of Ukraine and other militarized formations during emergency situations of a natural, man-made and military nature taking into account the risk of professional activity of the involved personnel.&nbsp;The results of the study can be used in organizing the elimination of the consequences of emergency situations of a natural, man-made and military nature and the implementation of technological safety management by minimizing the risk of the personnel involved.</p> Mykola Chomik Copyright (c) http://paperssds.eu/index.php/JSPSDS/article/view/122 Sun, 30 Jun 2019 00:00:00 +0300 Analysis of the military-economic potential of some countries of the world http://paperssds.eu/index.php/JSPSDS/article/view/124 <p>The article is interesting for specialists, both in economic and defense spheres. In the context of increasing tension in relations between the states, of the world there is an increase in their defense budgets and the increase in the number of new weapons and military equipment systems and their evolutionary development. Such a reaction of states is logical, since it is the build-up of military capabilities that will ensure the protection of national interests.&nbsp; At the same time, the basis for the development of military might is the economy, which provides the opportunity to manufacture and procure weapons. It is the degree of economic development of the state that allows it to move scientific and technological progress and realize its results in all spheres of social activity, including the production of high-tech weapons.</p> <p>The article shows the relationship between such concepts as economic potential and military potential of the state, namely the impossibility of developing a military potential without the development of economic potential. Having carried out mathematical calculations on the basis of selected indicators of potentials, the military-economic potentials of some advanced states of the world, as well as some developing countries, were discovered. possibility of development of military potential without development of economic potential are shown. Such a comparative analysis allowed to partly assess the balance of power in the world and draw conclusions about understanding of the processes of interaction between states.</p> Mykola Tkach, Ivan Tkach Copyright (c) http://paperssds.eu/index.php/JSPSDS/article/view/124 Sun, 30 Jun 2019 00:00:00 +0300