Journal of Scientific Papers «Social development and Security» en-US (Ivan) (Tkach Mikola) Mon, 04 Mar 2019 00:00:00 +0200 OJS 60 Trends in the integration of elements of the space radionavigation system in the means to increase the accuracy of artillery munitions <p>The article deals with the main issues of implementation of the main trends in the development of artillery weapons. Its increase in the efficiency of the use of artillery shell fragmentation shells by introducing the latest technological developments in the means of correction of the trajectory. The situation that occurred during the Military Operation of the Joint Forces in the Donetsk and Luhansk Oblasts of Ukraine in 2014 required the use of not only light weapons but also more powerful weapons, namely artillery weapons, against illegal armed groups with high spectacular capabilities, maneuverability, clear control system. The experience of fighting in the area of modern military conflicts (the civil war in Syria) confirms the urgency of using high-precision weapons, namely high-precision artillery shells, since major hostilities occur in settlements.</p> Nikola Dorofeev, Svyatoslav Sus Copyright (c) 2019 Journal of Scientific Papers “Social development & Security” Mon, 04 Mar 2019 20:11:06 +0200 Problematic issues and perspective ways for ensuring documentation of battle work on combat means of surface-to-air missile systems (complexes) <p>The article discusses approaches to ensure the combat work documentation on the combat means of surface-to-air missile systems (complexes) in modern conditions. It focuses attention on the main discrepancies of the existing objective control means of combat work to the requirements of time. A review of existing research and publications on objective control of combat work shows that the existing approaches are mainly focused on organizing objective control at command and control centres and do not take into account the specifics of conducting combat work on combat weapons of surface-to-air missile systems (complexes). That is why the purpose of the article was chosen to substantiate propositions for improving the objective control system of the combat work on combat weapons of surface-to-air missile systems. When developing proposals for improving the objective control system of combat work on combat means of surface-to-air missile systems (complexes), the emphasis is placed on the fact that a promising objective control system of combat work, unlike the existing one, should be based on modern element base, be unified and should record video , audio, combat and technical information circulating in the combat means of surface-to-air missile systems (complexes). The structure of this system, its elements, communication organization is proposed, the expediency of such a construction option is justified. For each element, its functional purpose is indicated and the design direction is advisable. In addition, it was proposed to use this approach in the future for samples of weapons and military equipment (radar stations, command and control stations, combat vehicles) of other troops types.</p> Vladislav Kobzev, Vadim Vasilyev, Oleksandr Doska, Dmytro Fomenko Copyright (c) 2019 Journal of Scientific Papers “Social development & Security” Mon, 04 Mar 2019 20:19:01 +0200 Smart Grid in ensuring the intellectualization of the energy system of Ukraine <p>The purpose of the article is to study the role and place of the Smart Grid in the process of intellectualizing the energy system of Ukraine. The article defines the essence of the category of "intellectualization of the power system", which made it possible to identify the features of "intelligent" networks in the power industry. Based on the systematization of foreign experience in implementing Smart-strategies in the process of intellectualizing the energy system, the practical possibilities of implementing the main provisions in the Ukrainian economy are considered. It has been established that due to the introduction of “smart” networks by 2020 in EU countries, it is planned to increase the efficiency of energy resources consumption by 20% due to the reduction of specific energy consumption per unit of GDP, and for the same amount it is planned to reduce harmful emissions into the atmosphere. In addition, it is expected that during this period, the volume of electricity supply, thanks to "intelligent" networks, will exceed one fifth of their total volume. A study of Ukraine's experience in implementing Smart Grid showed that this direction is a priority for the formation of the electric power market. Thus, the Smart Grid system allows energy companies to manage the entire energy supply network as a single system. The implementation of the Smart Grid is designed to solve current tasks with the help of an intelligent network, which allows us to increase profitability, reliability and dependability of work, reduce technical and commercial losses, improve manageability and operational efficiency of networks against the background of increasing consumption. Within the framework of the concept and methodology for the implementation of the Smart Grid system, the requirements of all interested parties should be taken into account - the state, generating, grid and energy retail companies, consumers and equipment manufacturers. This direction is highlighted by the prospect of further research.</p> Svitlana Bondarenko Copyright (c) 2019 Journal of Scientific Papers "Social development & Security" Mon, 04 Mar 2019 23:02:11 +0200 Analysis of the process of internal audit in Ministry of defense of Ukraine <p>The article is of interest to specialists of internal audit, internal and financial control, and heads (commanders) of structural subdivisions of the Ministry of Defense of Ukraine and the Armed Forces of Ukraine, military units, institutions and organizations in the systems, which directly organize internal control. The article substantiates the lack of preliminary coverage in the scientific works of the retrospective development of the system of internal audit and financial control. The scientific task of structuring existing information with the use of guidance documents and practical experience for the hierarchical construction of the transformation of approaches and views on the activities of structural units that monitored the effective management of state property and resources in the system of the Ministry of Defense and the Armed Forces of Ukraine was formulated. The article focuses on the delineation of internal control and internal audit. The necessity of implementation of internal control and its effectiveness is substantiated. The study analyzed the guidance documents that regulated the activities and the establishment of internal audit and internal control at the stages of its formation. The meeting covered the issues of transformation of financial control bodies in the Ministry of Defense of Ukraine and the Armed Forces of Ukraine, their main directions of activity and tasks were determined. Three stages of reforming financial and control bodies in the Ministry of Defense of Ukraine were identified, in which there were changes in approaches to the construction of the internal control and internal audit system.</p> <p>The article presents a retrospective analysis of the evolution of views on the purpose and objectives stated in the relevant provisions of the financial control bodies of the Ministry of Defense of Ukraine during the period of Ukraine's independence from the standpoint of implementing the declared goals of Ukraine's integration into the international professional community. The introduction of internal audit as an independent activity is aimed at improvement of the control system, prevention of the facts of illegal, inefficient and inefficient use of budget funds, errors occurrence or other deficiencies in military units and budget institutions, improvement of internal control, and the adoption of sound management decisions in modern conditions.</p> Andriy Ignatenko, Mikhail Lysenko, Anatolii Loishyn, Sergey Mazka Copyright (c) 2019 Journal of Scientific Papers "Social development & Security" Tue, 05 Mar 2019 22:36:03 +0200 Justification of the using of the method of air reconnaissance of area of intensive application of mine weapons <p>The article is devoted to the analysis of the current state of mine protection that concerns troops, it is a set of measures carried out by all types and branches of troops, and it is aimed at protecting personnel and military equipment from mine weapons. One of the ways to increase mine protection of troops is to enlarge the efficiency of informing the troops about the mine situation directly in the area of combat operations. Therefore, the timeliness of carrying out activities for the search, identification, fixation of explosive objects in the ground, as well as the timely collection and communication to relevant officials and departments of this information is the main goal of engineering intelligence in areas of intensive mine warfare. One of the ways to improve the effectiveness of engineering intelligence is to introduce the practice of identifying mine-explosive barriers and countering the enemy sabotage, reconnaissance forces and illegal armed groups that install them in order to establish new ways of conducting intelligence. The methods are based on the using of modern means of obtaining, processing and promptly bringing intelligence data about the mine situation. So a significant increasing of the intelligence capabilities of engineering units is possible through the using of unmanned aerial vehicles. When units are equipped with such devices, it becomes possible to move from an object-based method of conducting reconnaissance to a more efficient one — a zonal one, the essence of which lies in certain subunits of intelligence in areas of responsibility. This will allow the intelligence units to introduce continuous monitoring of the terrain with its full coverage, carrying out maneuvers, if necessary, largely by means, not forces. It will lead to increase effectiveness of the using of engineering reconnaissance units, their full coverage of the operation band, a reduction in the time management cycle of exploration and the achievement of a high degree of efficiency in providing information to the commanders on the mine situation.</p> Volodymyr Kotsyuruba, Sergei Tsybulia, Viktor Rybalko Copyright (c) 2019 Journal of Scientific Papers «Social development & Security» Fri, 08 Mar 2019 18:44:43 +0200 Opportunities and threats for Ukraine in the context of world globalization processes <p>After the collapse of the Soviet Union, and with it the collapse of the isolation policy, the countries that were part of it, including Ukraine, automatically became players, or rather "victims" of the open market. Ukraine's industry, which was second in terms of capacity in the USSR, was not competitive and backward compared to countries that developed on a "western type" model: open markets, free competition, the movement of world capital without borders, the introduction of advanced technologies and innovations. Another blow was the deep cooperation of industry with the industry of other union republics, which did not allow to get a closed cycle in production with of high added value, and the former allies in the new conditions of market relations became rivals. This led to a serious recession in the economy and the search for a model of existence that would allow it to evolve.</p> <p>At the same time, Ukraine has access to the technology market, education, new ways&nbsp; and&nbsp; methods, both in business and in the public sphere. Gradually began to reorient the world market and implement international standards, which made it possible to reduce the dependence on the old (traditional) markets, especially Russia after the war began in 2014. Ukraine has adopted and ratified the system of international law, which is one of the tools of world globalization processes. The more Ukraine became closer to the western countries, the greater appeared the tension in relations with Russia, which does not perceive the "Western model" of development and wants to expand its political, economic, military, territorial potential at the expense of post-Soviet countries and become a full-fledged global player in the world, and Ukraine is one of the key countries that will help achieve the goal.</p> <p>Globalization processes have both a threat and opportunities for countries that are in the zone of globalization influence. We must understand what consequences Ukraine can expect from globalization, and which development concept will be able to ensure Ukraine's territorial integrity, the status of a sovereign and national state, and sustainable economic growth.</p> Mykola Tkach Copyright (c) 2019 Journal of Scientific Papers «Social development & Security» Fri, 08 Mar 2019 20:29:06 +0200 Selection of generalized indicators for evaluation of development of the Armed Forces of Ukraine <p>The article presents the results of the substantiation of the choice of generalized indicators that objectively characterize the development of the Armed Forces of Ukraine. The general methodological basis of the theory of construction and development of the Armed Forces of Ukraine is a dialectical approach, which focuses on identifying the real factors and stable links between the processes of armed struggle, makes it possible to objectively approach the analysis of reality, to reveal directions of development of military affairs, the main tendencies of its changes, and Also, to determine the rational ways of solving the problems of the development of the Armed Forces of Ukraine and their preparation for application.&nbsp;The purpose of this article is to analyze the development and use of a list of factors influencing the development of the Armed Forces of Ukraine and suggest the choice of generalized indicators for assessing their development and readiness for use.&nbsp;In view of this, the article analyzes and substantiates that the construction and development of the Armed Forces of Ukraine are carried out under the influence of a combination of external and internal factors of military-political, operational-strategic, social, financial-economic, military-technical, and geographic character. Consequently, the selected aggregate indicators provide an opportunity to objectively characterize the development of the armed forces and their preparation for use.&nbsp;The results of the research presented in this article can be used by the highest military-political leadership of the country when making decisions on the further development of the Armed Forces of Ukraine, their preparation for application, and also in the educational process.</p> Oleg Ostapets Copyright (c) 2019 Journal of Scientific Papers «Social development & Security» Tue, 19 Mar 2019 20:36:57 +0200 Psychological distinguished characteristics of legal education in the context of reformation of the legal system of Ukraine <p>The article will be interesting for specialists in psychology and law, scientific and scientific-pedagogical staff, who participate in educational process in sphere of legal education of individual. This article describes (justifies) the insufficiency of illustration, in previously written scientific projects, of the basics of legal education on current stage of Ukrainian reforms, in which main psychological aspects would be taken into account. These aspects are based on creation of individual’s legal culture with prevalence of universal human values. This article shows that modern life realities demand determination of place and role for legal education, taking into account psychological aspects, in the context of reformation of the Legal System, its aim and tasks, review and improvement of forms and methods. Scientific task on justification of main psychological principles of legal education on current stage of our state development was formulated. The main idea is creation of legal culture of individual in whom universal human values prevail. It is defined, that legal education mast be based on: deeply rooted folk traditions of humanism; &nbsp;folk pedagogics; best samples of world culture (which are the most important factors of personality formation); ideological principles of universal human &nbsp;values and ideas of creation of constitutional stat; ideological basis (The Constitution of Ukraine); pluralism; fusion of possibilities of folk pedagogics; the best moral and ethical traditions; moral laws of the Bible; the best samples of achievements of world civilization; culture; idea of philosophical and religious social consciousness; interconnection and coherence of legal education with modern state-building processes in Ukraine. Pedagogues, psychologists and lawyers, who are involved in work on problems of legal education, should concentrate their efforts on possibilities of psychology and law to ensure behavior, which would guaranty progressive and irreversible development of society.</p> Yuliia Boiko-Buzyl , Iryna Salii Copyright (c) Thu, 28 Feb 2019 00:00:00 +0200