Journal of Scientific Papers «Social development and Security» http://paperssds.eu/index.php/JSPSDS <p><strong>Focus and Scope:</strong> national security and its components; economic security of the state and its components; military and economic security; military security and its components; information security; cyber security; technologies for state security; resource potential of foreign states; resource potential of the state; problems of internal audit and internal control for ensuring state security; problems of legislative and legal security of the state; philosophical aspects of the development and functioning of the country's security and defence.</p> Public organization «Ukrainian Scientific Community» en-US Journal of Scientific Papers «Social development and Security» 2522-9842 Methodical approach to the choice of a rational option maintainability of an anti-aircraft missile system in the conditions of moral aging of the third general http://paperssds.eu/index.php/JSPSDS/article/view/204 <p>The results of the research published in the article will be useful for logistic support specialists who are involved in the organization of the operation and renewal of weapons and military equipment. The article discusses the methodical approach to solving the question of ensuring the choice of a rational option for maintaining the efficiency of the anti-aircraft missile system, taking into account the impact of moral aging of the third kind. The publications in the scientific and technical literature on the issues of predicting the durability of weapons and military equipment based on logical-probabilistic models, which take into account both changes in the properties of components of anti-aircraft missile systems, as well as the possibility of its logistics support system, analyzed the task of choosing a rational option for maintaining the technical condition of anti-aircraft missile systems, taking into account the above factors, they were not considered, which allowed to determine the unsolved scientific problem, which consists in the further development of the scientific and methodological approach of choosing a rational variant of maintaining the technical condition of the anti-aircraft missile systems, taking into account the change of the properties of the elements of the equipment and the capabilities of the logistics system to restore its technical resource.</p> <p>A mathematical model of choosing a rational option for maintaining the technical condition of an anti-aircraft missile system is described taking into account changes in the properties of equipment elements and the capabilities of a system for restoring its technical resource. It is shown that the choice of one or another variant of maintaining the operability of an anti-aircraft missile system should be based on assessments of the technical and economic efficiency of compensating for the degradation of resource fail-safety. It is shown that to compensate for the degradation of resource fail-safety of the air defense system’s operability, methods of modernizing electronic equipment and methods to increase the availability of operational processes can be used. Based on the mathematical apparatus of the trees of the limiting state, analytical expressions are obtained for calculating the estimates of the indicators of technical and economic efficiency of the application of various methods of compensating for resource fail-safety. An approach is proposed to justify the choice of the most rational option for maintaining the health of air defense systems by the criterion of maximum technical and economic efficiency based on the results of ranking estimates of technical and economic efficiency indicators.</p> Vadym Lukyanchuk Ivan Nikolaev Volodymyr Tkachev Pavlo Openʹko Pavlo Drannyk Copyright (c) 2020 Journal of Scientific Papers «Social development and Security» 2020-06-28 2020-06-28 10 3 3 15 10.33445/sds.2020.10.3.1 The strategy of “mılıtary non-alıgnment” and NATO http://paperssds.eu/index.php/JSPSDS/article/view/205 <p>The war in Ukraine in 2014 brought a concept of “military non-alignment” to the fore in the countries, which are namely influenced by both the West and Russia. The war proved that national security strategy was lacking. The paper examines the ways how neutral states cope with their security in a globalized world. It covers the brief history of neutrality, its evolution process through the centuries. The terms of “neutrality” or “non-alignment” have been delineated in order to distinguish between different strategies adopted by particular countries. The focus of the paper is on the countries located in Europe. The authors attempted to discuss the strategic consequences of the policy of “military non-alignment” in the context of cooperation with NATO. At the same time, they endeavored to justify the close cooperation of neutral countries with NATO, the strongest military-political Alliance of the world.</p> Khayal Iskandarov Piotr Gawliczek Copyright (c) 2020 Journal of Scientific Papers «Social development and Security» 2020-06-28 2020-06-28 10 3 16 28 10.33445/sds.2020.10.3.2 Methodology for assessing the functional effectiveness of georadars as a means of searching for subsurface smuggling across the state border http://paperssds.eu/index.php/JSPSDS/article/view/206 <p>The results of the analysis of the use of georadars in the State Border Service of Ukraine have shown, that illegal activities at the state border, namely the use of pipelines for pumping fuel and lubricants, alcohol and tunnels for moving smuggling are quite problematic under the ground. The low efficiency of the use of georadars to search for means of subsurface smuggling across the state border is primarily explained by the inability of the used samples of georadars to detect this type of offense. There is a need to select more effective samples of georadars to find means of subsurface smuggling across the state border. To this end, using the method of expert assessments, a method for evaluating the functional efficiency of land-based georadars search facilities for contraband across the state border has been developed. The greatest attention was paid to determining the size of the expert group. The problem of forming the composition of the expert working group is one of the most difficult and at the same time the most responsible tasks of the method оf peer review. There are several approaches to forming the optimal number of experts – formal and informal. The method of confidence intervals of the theory of probabilities is used in the labor, to establish the relationship between the size of the expert group, the number of characteristics of the georadar and the confidence probability to the results of the ranking of characteristics. It was found that: as the number of georadars characteristics increases, the requirements for the probability of erroneously rendering ranks of the radar characteristics increase, its absolute value decreases; an increase in the number of georadars characteristics leads to the need to increase the number of experts to ensure that the upper bound on the likelihood of erroneously assigning ranks to the characteristics of the georadars are allowed; the size of the expert group is almost independent of the increase in the number of characteristics of the georadars, starting with an estimate of 10 characteristics for a certain value of confidence. It is reasonable to determine the minimum composition of a panel of experts at the level of 3-5 people, who provide a level of confidence in the ranking results of 0.95-0.99 regardless of the number of characteristics that are ranked. New in the formation of the expert group is the need to implement the following provisions: determine the number of characteristics of the georadar to be ranked; requirements for the credibility of performance ranking results are established; the number of experts, who are competent in assessing the effectiveness of georadars is determined using a probabilistic approach. In general, the structure of the method of assessing the functional efficiency of the georadars includes: forming the composition of the working group of experts, drafting the content of questionnaires, selecting a group of significant characteristics of the georadars from the entire set, processing the results of the survey using a known mathematical estimation apparatus, automation of calculations.</p> Mykola Lysyi Vadym Sivak Andrii Dobrovolskyi Andrii Chukanov Copyright (c) 2020 Journal of Scientific Papers «Social development and Security» 2020-06-28 2020-06-28 10 3 29 42 10.33445/sds.2020.10.3.3 Comparative analysis of means for elimination of consequences of emergencies of natural nature http://paperssds.eu/index.php/JSPSDS/article/view/207 <p>The article presents the results of a comparative analysis of tactical and technical characteristics of domestic models of road and earthmoving equipment and The article presents the results of a comparative analysis of tactical and technical characteristics of domestic models of road and earthmoving equipment and existing models of the leading countries of the world, which are used to eliminate the consequences of a natural nature. On the basis of the received results perspective directions of development of means of this type are substantiated.</p> <p>existing models of the leading countries of the world, which are used to eliminate the consequences of a natural nature. On the basis of the received results perspective directions of development of means of this type are substantiated.</p> Valentin Romanyuk Copyright (c) 2020 Journal of Scientific Papers «Social development and Security» 2020-06-28 2020-06-28 10 3 43 50 10.33445/sds.2020.10.3.4 New approaches to the development of integrated methods of civil security http://paperssds.eu/index.php/JSPSDS/article/view/208 <p>The problem of development of complex methods of prevention of emergencies with cumulative and impulse negative impact on the state of the environment, which by their nature belong to the range of tasks of common problems of scientific directions of civil protection and ecological safety, is considered in the research. In order to solve this problem, a wide range of related tasks have been consistently considered, which allowed within the existing global approaches to the formation of research methodology in the field of rapidly advancing spheres of natural and man-made social environment, to investigate the process of dialectical transformation of civil security. its main stages and characteristic conditions. The latter made it possible to identify logical connections that significantly reduced the existing methodological differences of special methods of certain scientific areas and unambiguously agree on the choice of a group of methods to prove the reliability of the results within the application of the required complex methods. This allowed: first, to develop general approaches to the study of common problems of scientific areas of civil protection and environmental safety and to determine the main logical functional and temporal links of complex methods of emergency prevention with cumulative and impulse impact on the environment; secondly, to develop the structure of a comprehensive method for assessing and preventing emergencies with cumulative and impulse impact on the environment, which consists of functional elements of special methods of scientific directions of civil protection and environmental safety, which combined with direct and inverse functional and temporal connections.</p> Sergiy Azarov Mykhailo Divizinyuk Valrntina Loboichenko Volodymyr Mirnenko Roman Shevchenko Copyright (c) 2020 Journal of Scientific Papers «Social development and Security» 2020-06-28 2020-06-28 10 3 51 63 10.33445/sds.2020.10.3.5 The right to a fair trial in international commercial arbitration http://paperssds.eu/index.php/JSPSDS/article/view/209 <p>The right to a fair trial is relevant and debatable, there are different views of scholars within the legal doctrine and the legal position of the European Court of Human Rights today. The realization and application of such a right is a necessary condition for the establishment of a democratic state. Based on the case law of the European Court of Human Rights on the interpretation of the elements of the right to a fair trial, it can be stated that this interpretation is carried out autonomously and dynamically. The Court in some cases applies the principle of proportionality and discretion. Now there is a different understanding of the relationship between arbitration and the right to a fair trial enshrined in the Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms. In fact, International Commercial Arbitration is only partially regulated by national law and is more covered either by agreement between the parties or by its own rules. International commercial arbitration is a type of alternative dispute resolution that is relevant from the research point of view, as increasing the effectiveness of alternative methods is an opportunity to relieve the burden on national courts, which in turn improves the procedure of reviewing, resolving and enforcing judgments. The arbitration procedure meets the requirements of paragraph 1 of Art. 6 of the Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms, which certify the relevant legal positions of the European Court of Human Rights. Therefore, the parties do not limit themselves in the right to a fair trial when choosing International Commercial Arbitration. There are controversial views on some elements of the right to a fair trial in International Commercial Arbitration. It is the requirement of publicity that causes a different attitude among scholars. Some believe that due to the general requirement of confidentiality, it does not meet the requirements of paragraph 1 of Art. 6 of the Convention, others believe that such a requirement is implemented through arbitration, although not in the classical sense of the law.</p> Yehor Koldov Oleh Koldov Copyright (c) 2020 Journal of Scientific Papers «Social development and Security» 2020-06-28 2020-06-28 10 3 64 74 10.33445/sds.2020.10.3.6 Problems pricing for defense products and solutions http://paperssds.eu/index.php/JSPSDS/article/view/210 <p>The article considers the role of prices for defense products to meet the needs of defense in material resources for the re-equipment of the armed forces. It is noted that the uncontrolled growth of prices against the background of a significant increase in total costs for the purchase of products of defense industry does not improve the quality and innovation of products, does not meet the requirements of rational use of budgetary financial resources for defense needs, is one of the factors inhibiting modernization. needs of the country's defense capabilities. The shortcomings of the current in Ukraine costing system of pricing for industrial and scientific and technical products for defense purposes are analyzed. The necessity of improvement of the pricing system, strengthening of the state management of pricing for rational (effective) spending of budgetary financial resources is substantiated.</p> Pavlo Parkhomenko Michael Lavruk Ivan Tkach Lesia Skurinevska Copyright (c) 2020 Journal of Scientific Papers «Social development and Security» 2020-06-28 2020-06-28 10 3 75 92 10.33445/sds.2020.10.3.7 Actualization and ways of system approach to risk management in occupational health and safety http://paperssds.eu/index.php/JSPSDS/article/view/211 <p>Substantiation of the need to introduce a system approach to risk management in occupational health and safety management systems and identification ways to implement it. 1. To identify the existing disadvantages of the practical implementation of the stages of the risk management process in occupational health and safety. 2. To substantiate and propose mathematical models for the objective implementation of the Plan procedure of the risk management process in occupational health and safety. 3. To analyze the functionality of existing automated systems of the dangers minimization to ensure the effective functioning of Do – Chek - Act procedures in occupational health and safety. 4. To propose the automated management system of occupational health and safety at the enterprises for objective implementation of Do – Check – Act procedures within the OHS management systems of the enterprises. Analysis of scientific and technical literature and regulations in occupational health and safety, probabilistic and statistical methods, Markov analysis. It is established that the existing methodological approaches to risk management in occupational health and safety ensure for the implementation of only four of the eight necessary stages (stages of risk evaluation) of the relevant process provided by the PDCA methodology. Mathematical models, which allow to set the relationship between occupational health and safety costs and the risk level, as well as to set the probability of not exceeding the accumulation in the employee of the consequence of certain harmful factors impact and occupational injuries at random during the workshift are substantiated and proposed for use.&nbsp; The main disadvantages of the existing automated systems of risk minimization in occupational health and safety, which are the impossibility of minimizing the negative “human factor” signs and the impossibility of prompt normalization of the parameters of harmful production factors on the employee over time are identified. The automated management system of occupational health and safety, which allows to conduct constant monitoring and prompt correction of parameters of impact on the employee of negative factors within the values set by results of risk evaluation is substantiated and offered for application.</p> Andrii Bochkovskyі Copyright (c) 2020 Journal of Scientific Papers «Social development and Security» 2020-06-28 2020-06-28 10 3 93 103 10.33445/sds.2020.10.3.8 Methodology of explanation of tactical and technical requirements for means of evacuation of weapons and military equipment http://paperssds.eu/index.php/JSPSDS/article/view/212 <p>The main impact force of ground troops&nbsp; is the hard weapons and military equipment, that is why the loss of one of them is always painful for any army in the world The basic combat weapons and military equipment (high-precision samples of weapons and military equipment) are too expensive to destroy damaged vehicles or leave them on the battlefield. Realizing this, the special vehicles were created for the evacuation of this type of weapons and military equipment – armored repair and evacuation vehicle, which are designed to evacuate from the battlefield damaged and stuck tanks, infantry fighting vehicles, armored personnel carriers, self-propelled artillery system and other units of equipment, even out of the probable enemy fire.</p> <p>Taking into account the analysis of the development of evacuation means which are in the service of the Armed Forces of Ukraine and the armed forces of the leading countries of the world, in this work the method of substantiation of tactical and technical requirements for means of evacuation of damaged weapons and military equipment is proposed. The essence of this method is to distribute the means of evacuation by mass and size, by type of mover, by the method of moving the damaged sample, by the level of application.</p> <p>The formation of requirements is aimed at the transition of evacuation means and basic models of weapons and military equipment to unified basic platforms of the modular type. The implementation of these platforms will make it possible to install various types of special modules of evacuation means (material-handling, load-lifting, etc.) and modules of samples of weapons and special equipment.</p> <p>The application of this metodology will provide an opportunity to obtain technical outlines of evacuation tools for different levels of the hierarchy, taking into account the scope of tasks assigned to them.</p> Vоlodymyr Dachkovskyi Copyright (c) 2020 Journal of Scientific Papers «Social development and Security» 2020-06-30 2020-06-30 10 3 104 113 10.33445/sds.2020.10.3.9 Ways to create, maintain and increase the military-economic potential of the state http://paperssds.eu/index.php/JSPSDS/article/view/213 <p>The article is of interest to specialists, both in the economic and defense spheres, who are engaged in research on issues related to meeting the military-economic needs of states, both in peacetime and in wartime. The purpose of the article is to determine the place of military-economic needs in the general structure of the needs of the state and the country as a whole. The defined scientific task was solved by determining the nature, structure and dynamics of changes in the military and economic needs of the state. In the process of achieving the goal of the research, the following methods of scientific knowledge were used: analysis, synthesis, induction, deduction, system approach, historical analogy. The analysis of sources shows that the issues of assessing the military-economic potential and meeting the military-economic needs of countries in the world are receiving more and more attention. According to the authors, this is due to increased defense spending and as a consequence of the total world military power. The article presents the structure of military-economic needs, their dynamics over time, their impact on the development of the country's military economy. The dependence of military-economic needs on the military-economic potential of the state is shown and the main measures of the state level are formed, which directly affect the level of military-economic potential of the state.</p> Mykola Tkach Anatoliy Loyshyn Igor Kulinich Anatoliy Polishchuk Copyright (c) 2020 Journal of Scientific Papers «Social development and Security» 2020-06-30 2020-06-30 10 3 114 122 10.33445/sds.2020.10.3.10 Management mechanism of the defence procurement (acquisition) system of Ukraine http://paperssds.eu/index.php/JSPSDS/article/view/214 <p><em>In the context of counteracting “hybrid” aggression by the Russian Federation, an essential indicator of the state of the national economy, national security and defence is the level of efficiency of the acquisition (procurement) system as a means of state regulation. At the same time, the acquisition (procurement) system is also a means of managing the development of armaments and military equipment, which is extremely important to ensure the proper level of defence capabilities of Ukraine.</em><em><br>The article is devoted to the study of theoretical approaches to the definition of “management mechanism” and “organisational and economic management mechanism” to define the concept of “organisational and economic management mechanism of the defence acquisition (procurement) system” and to identify external and internal factors affecting the management of this system in Ukraine for further research on ways to improve the efficiency of this management. </em></p> <p><em>The methodological basis of the article is the complex of methods, including methods of scientific cognition, analysis and synthesis, systematisation and scientific abstraction. The informational basis of the conducted research is the scientific works of the domestic and foreign scientists in the sphere of management, state (public) procurement and defence acquisitions (procurement) and awards.</em></p> <p><em>As a result, based on the conducted analysis, the author determines that the category “management mechanism” is a component of the “organisational and economic mechanism of functioning” of any socio-economic system and provides the author’s vision of the concept of “organisational and economic management mechanism of public defence procurement” as a set of principles and methods, functions and motives, tools and constraints that ensure decision-making on the functioning of public defence procurement in changing external and internal environment. Furthermore, author identifies external and internal factors influencing the management mechanism of the defence acquisition (procurement) system. The formulated conceptual apparatus is the basis for further study of ways to improve the efficiency of this management.</em></p> <p><em>The results of this analysis formed the basis for further study of ways to improve the efficiency of the defence acquisition (procurement) system management of Ukraine.</em></p> Olena Holota Copyright (c) 2020 Journal of Scientific Papers «Social development and Security» 2020-06-30 2020-06-30 10 3 123 134 10.33445/sds.2020.10.3.11 Analysis of factors affecting the functioning of artillery reconnaissance control posts http://paperssds.eu/index.php/JSPSDS/article/view/215 <p>Typical trends in modern warfare, which directly affect the operation of artillery reconnaissance control points, can generally be considered: the transition to a network-centric concept of warfare; the growth of spatial scope and dynamism of armed struggle; globalization of intelligence, control and navigation systems; the growing role of information warfare, cybernetic actions in conflicts and wars of the future; reduction of timelines for preparation for military operations; ensuring a qualitatively new level of information compatibility of reconnaissance, control, navigation, command and control systems and various strike weapons and systems; integration of reconnaissance, destruction, control and electronic warfare means into electronic-fire systems, are provided with information and are managed in a time scale close to real. When assessing the effectiveness of the use of an artillery reconnaissance control point, it is necessary to identify the degree of dependence on objective and subjective factors, and establish a mechanism for their influence on functioning.</p> <p>The article discusses the factors affecting the functioning of artillery reconnaissance control points, which are proposed to distinguish between external and internal. An analysis of their interaction.</p> <p>The disruption of the functioning of the artillery reconnaissance control posts will lead to the impossibility of centralized control of the artillery reconnaissance system and individual intelligence agencies. Therefore, it is imperative to take into account the influence of these factors in order to function effectively and, accordingly, effectively fire the enemy with artillery as a whole.</p> <p>The results of the analysis of these factors can be used in the formation of performance indicators for the functioning of artillery reconnaissance control centers.</p> <p>An analysis of the interaction of forces and means of artillery reconnaissance and fire weapons of the leading, militarily, countries of the world provides an opportunity to study the development of weapons and military equipment to ensure the creation of reconnaissance and information subsystems of rocket troops and artillery.</p> Alexander Taranetc Mykola Dorofeev Copyright (c) 2020 Journal of Scientific Papers «Social development and Security» 2020-06-30 2020-06-30 10 3 135 144 10.33445/sds.2020.10.3.12