Journal of Scientific Papers «Social development and Security» http://paperssds.eu/index.php/JSPSDS <p><strong>Focus and Scope:</strong> national security and its components; economic security of the state and its components; military and economic security; military security and its components; information security; cyber security; technologies for state security; resource potential of foreign states; resource potential of the state; problems of internal audit and internal control for ensuring state security; problems of legislative and legal security of the state; philosophical aspects of the development and functioning of the country's security and defence.</p> Public organization «Ukrainian Scientific Community» en-US Journal of Scientific Papers «Social development and Security» 2522-9842 Emerging applications, technologies, and services in wireless communications: 5G to 6G evolution http://paperssds.eu/index.php/JSPSDS/article/view/301 <p>The fifth-generation (5G) of wireless communications was launched worldwide in 2020 with solid technical specifications and standards. Therefore, the focus of major vendors and academies is now switching towards deployment of beyond 5G (B5G) communications and 6G. As a result, provision and trends for global developments appear to outline requirements and services to satisfy future societal needs. This article provides a vision for the post-5G era of wireless communications, which serves as a research guide for scientists and commercial organizations. Current achievements of 5G New Radio (5G NR) are capable of bringing human-centric communications to their limit with applications such as Extended Reality (XR), Internet-of-Things (IoT), Smart Healthcare, 4K video streaming, etc. Therefore, we suggest that machine-centric communications will now emerge as a new part of 6G networks. To justify this perspective, we provide a systematic overview of emerging applications in wireless communications. We show how and why these services are possible by identifying key enabling technologies and advances in the manufacturing process. Further, we analyze trade-offs between solutions and required cost, which is essential for business model planning of 6G. Finally, issues behind the commercialization of future technologies, such as social and health factors, integration with existing networks, and inevitable performance limits from the basic sciences, are discussed.</p> Mykola Servetnyk Ruslan Servetnyk Copyright (c) 2021 Journal of Scientific Papers «Social development and Security» 2021-04-11 2021-04-11 11 2 3–10 3–10 10.33445/sds.2021.11.2.1 Social security as a field of Euroregional cooperation. Deliberations on the example of the activity of the Euroregion “Beskidy” http://paperssds.eu/index.php/JSPSDS/article/view/298 <p>The main aim of this article is to present the concept of the Euroregion as a platform for cooperation in the area of social security. The issue itself needs to be constantly updated not only because of the constant challenges facing the European Union and other countries. The outlook character of the article presents a view on the importance of cooperation between self-government administration bodies and other subjects of economic life for the development of cooperation within the Euroregions. The article mainly focuses on the fight against often negative stereotypes and undertakings whose task is to increase the standard of economic life by increasing activities aimed at improving the quality of Euroregional cooperation. The Euroregion "Beskidy" was selected for the study, which is diverse in ethnic, sociological, historical, but also economic and social terms. Its unique features have allowed the authors to more clearly emphasize the message of the article. Tourism and its international, Euro-regional character is also an important element of cooperation. In order to carry out the research that resulted in this article, the methods of researching the sources sucked in in terms of critical analysis of literature were used, as well as juxtaposing them with the previously conducted research on Euroregions and safety by the authors. On the basis of the analysis, the article presents a significant contribution of social integration and cross-border cooperation to the development of the Euroregion as well as to the development of social security as a non-military part of the research topic. The creation of new types of innovative pro-social undertakings opens up the Euroregions, and thus the Member States to further internal integration and intensification of activities to strengthen socio-economic cooperation with neighbouring countries.</p> Sabina Sanetra-Półgrabi Aleksander Sapiński Copyright (c) 2021 Journal of Scientific Papers «Social development and Security» 2021-04-11 2021-04-11 11 2 11 17 10.33445/sds.2021.11.2.2 Migration controls and counter-terrorism in Europe: a discussion of challenges and policies http://paperssds.eu/index.php/JSPSDS/article/view/289 <p>This paper explores the European suspicion against the migrants and analyses the European security concerns regarding terrorist attacks. The paper shows that Europeans’ wrong perception about migrants has been created by homogenizing the category of migrants as well as politicizing the issue of migrants for electoral maneuvering. The suspicion has been grown after the 9/11 terrorist attack on America. Islamic radical organization Al-Qaeda perpetrated this attack to achieve its political agenda. This attack gave legitimacy to America and Europe to suspect everybody who is coming into their area. The studies on linking migration with terrorism show scanty evidence, but scholars have biased opinions on this. The paper explores all these issues.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> Ziyad Abdulqadir Copyright (c) 2021 Journal of Scientific Papers «Social development and Security» 2021-04-11 2021-04-11 11 2 18 25 10.33445/sds.2021.11.2.3 The Extent of Al-Qaeda’s Presence in Africa: Security Threats and Policy Implications to the U.S. http://paperssds.eu/index.php/JSPSDS/article/view/286 <p>Following a period close to fifteen years of fighting the extremist terrorist group Al Qaeda in Pakistan and Afghanistan, the United States (US) is faced with diverse security threats from affiliates of Al Qaeda in Africa. This study explores the extent of Al Qaeda’s presence in Africa, security threat and policy implications to the US. A qualitative methodology through document analysis and informed by the interpretivist research paradigm was employed. With Al Qaeda’s continued growth, there could be nuclear terrorism, arms and drug trafficking among other threats. Policy recommendations are given for the United States of America.</p> Daniel Chigudu Copyright (c) 2021 Journal of Scientific Papers «Social development and Security» 2021-04-18 2021-04-18 11 2 26 41 10.33445/sds.2021.11.2.4 Integration of banks and insurance companies activities in Ukraine http://paperssds.eu/index.php/JSPSDS/article/view/305 <p>The article reveals the essence of modern bancassurance and new challenges and prospects for its development in Ukraine. The definition of “bancassurance” is theoretically substantiated and the general financial and economic characteristics of Ukrainian banks is given. The normative indicators of commercial institutions are analyzed along with the main risks affecting banking and insurance activities, the possibility of their leveling are determined. The study provides theoretical and practical information on the process of banks capital of and insurance companies merging, financial and economic analysis of JSC PrivatBank – one of the largest banks in modern Ukraine, and the assessment of the financial stability of its insurance partners. The insurance Ukrainian market study concerning the detection of possible prospects for cooperation with the studied bank was done. The calculations suggest that PrivatBank can cooperate with the leading insurance companies, such as AXA Insurance and Providna recommended as new partners. It is established that bancassurance technologies have a significant place at the current stage of development of the domestic financial market. Using a large customer base and a wide network of branches and outlets, banking experts expect that revenues from the sale of insurance products in 2021 may amount to 15% of total bank revenues, as the volume of bank insurance in JSC CB PrivatBank is growing quite rapidly. The activity of banks in market conditions is subject to its general laws, and therefore requires the development of a viable mechanism for managing financial activities, aimed at increasing the competitiveness of banks. Thus, the ability of bank managers to determine the degree of financial stability of their bank as well as that of the competing banks and counterparties is essential in making decisions. Therefore, the search for ways to optimize the financial condition of the bank is one of the principles of further rapid development of the banking system in Ukraine.</p> Оlena Zharikova Kateryna Cherkesenko Copyright (c) 2021 Journal of Scientific Papers «Social development and Security» 2021-04-18 2021-04-18 11 2 42 57 10.33445/sds.2021.11.2.5 Analysis of the scientific and methodological apparatus for planning operational and service actions of units of the State Border Guard Service of Ukraine http://paperssds.eu/index.php/JSPSDS/article/view/287 <p>Проведений аналіз науково-методичного апарату планування оперативно-службової діяльності Державної прикордонної служби України показав, що окремі методики, які застосовуються в інших військових формуваннях та правоохоронних органах можуть бути застосовані для обґрунтування оперативно-службових дій підрозділів Державної прикордонної служби України. Це можливо у випадках коли дії елементів службового порядку та прикордонних нарядів підрозділів Державної прикордонної служби України подібні до дій підрозділів інших військових формуваннях та правоохоронних органів. В основу штабних методик Державної прикордонної служби України покладено оперативно-тактичні розрахунки. Методики, що розглядалися, в основному орієнтовані на відносно визначені вхідні дані, однак в умовах гібридних дій противника та порушників державного кордону ці методики є неадекватними реальним процесам. Таким чином, постає питання про системний перегляд науково-методичного апарату планування оперативно-службових дій підрозділів Державної прикордонної служби України. В основу яких має бути покладено аналіз сценаріїв дій противника, визначення ситуацій, що складають ці сценарії, визначення необхідних спроможностей для реагування на ситуації, оцінку наявних спроможностей, визначення заходів щодо створення (нарощування) необхідних спроможностей. Метою систематизації науково-методичного апарату планування оперативно-службових дій підрозділів Державної прикордонної служби України є вирішення завдань формування та раціонального розподілу завдань сил та засобів (підрозділів) різних відомств, визначення необхідних ресурсів (розподіл наявних ресурсів), визначення способів виконання завдань, способів взаємодії (як варіанту поєднання потенціалів, ресурсів, спроможностей, способів виконання завдань) одночасно на декількох територіально розподілених об’єктах (районах).</p> Artem Bratko Anatolij Mysyk Dmytro Sofijan Copyright (c) 2021 Journal of Scientific Papers «Social development and Security» 2021-04-18 2021-04-18 11 2 58 69 10.33445/sds.2021.11.2.6 Technonationalist trends in the development of global actors of military innovation http://paperssds.eu/index.php/JSPSDS/article/view/297 <p>The article is devoted to the study of the theory and practice of one of the schools of management of national competitiveness – techno-nationalism. The aim of the study is to identify the features of the development of modern techno-nationalism, the practices of managing national competitiveness in the defense industry sector of the countries of the world technological core, and to identify potential threats to the impact of the implementation of such a policy on the global and national security of other countries.</p> <p>The specific characteristics of modern technologies associated with dual-use are considered. The rating position of the leading countries in terms of technologies by sectors of the economy has been investigated, with the definition of the features of techno-nationalist policies of European and Asian countries. The fundamental ideological differences between the two systems are indicated. The current innovative technology trends associated with dual-use technologies in the United States and China have been identified. The increasing influence of the American government on other markets for the latest technologies in the countries of the world has been proven.</p> <p>The guidelines of Beijing's techno-national policy towards new quantum computing (QC) are considered, which determines not only an increase in the country's military-technological potential but also possible future challenges on a global and regional scale. The technological trends in the development of innovative technologies that cause concern of the world community and can be the basis for the formation of national and global risks and threats to security have been identified.</p> Nadiia Skliar Copyright (c) 2021 Journal of Scientific Papers «Social development and Security» 2021-04-18 2021-04-18 11 2 70 80 10.33445/sds.2021.11.2.7 Occupational risk assessment of passenger bus drivers http://paperssds.eu/index.php/JSPSDS/article/view/308 <p>The aim of this work is improving the procedure for professional risk assessment of passenger bus drivers, taking into account ergonomic, psychosocial, individual, and hygienic factors.</p> <p>To develop the methodology for assessing the professional risk of drivers the theory of analysis was used, which allows to establish alternative solutions of the problem by determining an integrated criterion that depends on a number of individual indicators characterized by ergonomic, psychosocial, individual, and hygienic factors influencing the working conditions of the passenger bus driver.</p> <p>A checklist has been developed to quickly assess the occupational risk of passenger bus drivers, which takes into account the impact of several harmful production factors that contribute to the creation of unfavorable conditions for the occurrence of occupational diseases.&nbsp; A feature of this approach is the ability to distinguish the level of risk for each harmful production factor and determine the overall level of occupational risk. It is recommended to reduce the effect of occupational risk on the driver of a passenger bus to improve the system of medical examinations, the system of admission to the vehicles driving in the implementation of passenger traffic and strengthen control over the technical condition of vehicles.</p> <p>The relationship between the integrated criterion of occupational risk of the driver and indicators that are characterized by ergonomic, psychosocial, individual, and hygienic factors, which are formed by the working conditions of the driver in the carriage of passengers.</p> <p>As a result, a new approach (checklist) is proposed, which can be used in trucking companies without any additional equipment after training in testing.</p> Nataliiа Borodina Serhii Cheberiachko Оleg Deryugin Olena Tretyak Ivan Bas Copyright (c) 2021 Journal of Scientific Papers «Social development and Security» 2021-04-18 2021-04-18 11 2 81 90 10.33445/sds.2021.11.2.8 The second Karabakh war as a war of new generation http://paperssds.eu/index.php/JSPSDS/article/view/309 <p>The paper examines the views and ideas of various military experts and researchers on the war, broke out between Armenia and Azerbaijan in late September, 2020. The Second Karabakh has been presented as a sample of the new generation warfare. The authors endeavored to substantiate the importance of the Second Karabakh War in the world’s military history by a variety of conclusive facts. Having considered the uniqueness of this war, a number of important lessons have been introduced in order to understand the nature of future wars.</p> Khayal Iskandarov Piotr Gawliczek Copyright (c) 2021 Journal of Scientific Papers «Social development and Security» 2021-04-21 2021-04-21 11 2 91 99 10.33445/sds.2021.11.2.9 Analysis of conditions and factors that affect the quality of the selection and placement of personnel in military command and control bodies http://paperssds.eu/index.php/JSPSDS/article/view/310 <p>At the present stage of construction and development of the Armed Forces of Ukraine, one of the most important is the problem of creating an effective command and control system. The level of professional suitability of officials of military command and control bodies significantly affects the efficiency of the functioning of the entire system, makes it important and necessary to improve the quality of selection and placement of personnel. The purpose of the article is to consider a set of conditions and factors that must be taken into account in the selection and placement of personnel in military command and control bodies. The author analyzes the conditions and factors affecting the quality of the selection and placement of personnel in the military command and control bodies.</p> Aleksandr Bilyk Grigory Tikhonov Copyright (c) 2021 Journal of Scientific Papers «Social development and Security» 2021-04-21 2021-04-21 11 2 100 106 10.33445/sds.2021.11.2.10 Investigation of the characteristics of the longitudinal motion of a corrected aerial bomb by numerical simulation to determine the parameters of the stabilization and control bodies http://paperssds.eu/index.php/JSPSDS/article/view/311 <p>The article covers the study of the characteristics of the longitudinal motion of a guided aviation bomb by numerical simulation to determine the parameters of stabilization and control in order to ensure more effective implementation of modern programs for development and modernization of weapons in service. The influence of the sampling frequency of the solution of the control problem on the stability and quality of control of the guided aviation bomb is analyzed. Based on the results of modeling the longitudinal motion of the guided aviation bomb, a method for determining the optimal parameters of stabilization and control to ensure longitudinal stability of flight, as well as requirements for balancing rudder deflection, wing area and control law of the investigated bomb.</p> Yhor Televnyi Andrei Serhyenko Vyktor Nykytchenko Dmytryi Bashynskyi Copyright (c) 2021 Journal of Scientific Papers «Social development and Security» 2021-04-21 2021-04-21 11 2 107 114 10.33445/sds.2021.11.2.11 Formulation of requirements for the protection of armored combat vehicles from damage by kinetic ammunition http://paperssds.eu/index.php/JSPSDS/article/view/302 <p>The article presents the classification of armor barrier lesions according to the tactical feature and the nature of the deformation of the armor material. The lesions are considered safe and dangerous. The characteristics of the lesions, which are fragile and viscous, are given, on what their formation depends and what is their essential difference. The main factors influencing the nature of the damage to the armor barrier are identified, namely: the hardness of the armor barrier, the ratio of armor thickness to ammunition caliber, ammunition quality, armor barrier quality and temperature conditions and their characteristics. Also, it is determined how the shape of the main part of the ammunition and their hardness and strength affect the nature of interaction with the armor barrier. It is revealed what is meant by the quality of the armor barrier and the main defects of additional protection are identified, which can significantly affect the level of protection of armored combat vehicles. In addition, the process of choosing a rational way to protect an armored combat vehicle from kinetic ammunition is proposed, and a model of armor obstacle stability is presented to formalize the set scientific task on the basis of a set-theoretic approach. Based on this scientific task, it is necessary to determine the stability of the armor barrier at which its target function acquires the maximum value among all possible options.</p> Yana Horbachova Copyright (c) 2021 Journal of Scientific Papers «Social development and Security» 2021-04-22 2021-04-22 11 2 115 124 10.33445/sds.2021.11.2.12 Modern features of formation and development of the resource management system in the Armed Forces of Ukraine http://paperssds.eu/index.php/JSPSDS/article/view/313 <p>Given the constant dynamics of the state of development of the national economy of the state, the influence of external and internal factors on the development of the Armed Forces of Ukraine, meeting the needs of their development in resources should be based on the principles of effective use and management of defense resources, both at the stage of formation of defense planning documents and during their direct execution. The adaptation of the military planning system in modern conditions of state development, as well as the development and reform of the Armed Forces of Ukraine, should be based on indicators of the required level of the country's defense capability, taking into account the economic capabilities of the state to meet the needs for defensive resources. In the article, the authors clarified the concept of defensive resources, defined the concept of managing defense resources, and also defined the subjects and objects of managing defense resources at the level of the state and the Armed Forces of Ukraine; the external and internal context of the management of defense resources on a national scale was formed, as well as the structure of the main processes and interaction between the elements of the defense resource management system in the Armed Forces of Ukraine; clarified the vertical of units involved in the processes of managing defense resources in the Armed Forces of Ukraine; the main tasks of the objects of management of defense resources in the Ministry of Defense of Ukraine and the Armed Forces of Ukraine have been determined, and the basic principles of this process have been formed at the level of the state and the Armed Forces of Ukraine. Also, the authors in the article have identified the main indicators characterizing the efficiency of resource management in the formation and implementation of activities of programs and plans for the development of the capabilities of the Armed Forces of Ukraine. The main direction of further research on the topic of the article is the development of theoretical or methodological foundations for effective management of defense resources both at the level of the Armed Forces of Ukraine and at the state level.</p> Oleh Semenenkо Oleg Ostapets Olha Romanchenko Petro Onofriychuk Igor Moskalenko Liudmyla Dobrovolska Copyright (c) 2021 Journal of Scientific Papers «Social development and Security» 2021-04-24 2021-04-24 11 2 125 140 10.33445/sds.2021.11.2.13 Improvement of the method of determining opportunities for technical exploration of damaged samples of weapons during combat http://paperssds.eu/index.php/JSPSDS/article/view/315 <p>In accordance with the requirements, the implementation of the main directions of development of armaments and military (special) equipment for the long term should be carried out in accordance with the identified needs and financial and economic capabilities of the state by making maximum use of domestic science and technology; development of technological capabilities of the defense industry primarily in the field of basic and critical technologies through the implementation of medium-term state and other programs and aims to prepare production to ensure the manufacture of new, modernization of existing weapons and military (special) equipment at a high level and in the required quantity.</p> <p>The gradual development of armaments and military (special) equipment and the formation of scientific, technological and technical potential in the relevant area is carried out as a result of the implementation of priority areas of armaments and military (special) equipment by conducting basic and exploratory research to meet security and defense needs.</p> <p>In order to maximize the use of the achievements of the defense industrial complex of Ukraine for the needs of the Armed Forces, the article proposes ways to improve mobile vehicles for technical reconnaissance of damaged weapons and military equipment during hostilities.</p> Oleksandr Sampir Copyright (c) 2021 Journal of Scientific Papers «Social development and Security» 2021-04-27 2021-04-27 11 2 141 151 10.33445/sds.2021.11.2.14 Methodological approach to forecasting military expenditures of some countries of the world based on analysis of the dynamics of these expenses for a long-term period (1999-2020) http://paperssds.eu/index.php/JSPSDS/article/view/316 <p>Economic support plays a decisive role in strengthening the defense capability of any state. In most cases, the phenomena of wars and their beginning were stipulated by the struggle for resources, and sometimes, when resources were running out, hostilities were suspended. Plans for the development, construction and use of the armed forces are always developed taking into account the capabilities of the state. In addition, an analysis of the use of financial resources allocated by the state to ensure national security and defense makes it possible to find out the extent of its readiness for war. In the article, the authors propose a methodological approach to forecasting the country's military expenditures based on an analysis of the dynamics of these expenditures over a long-term period (more than twenty years). To analyze the dynamics and forecast of military expenditures, statistical data on the volumes of military expenditures of such countries as Lithuania, Poland, Great Britain, China, Germany, Russia, the USA, the Czech Republic, Hungary, Romania, Moldova and Ukraine were used. To calculate the indicators of dynamics, the authors proposed to compare each level of the series with the same basic level. To calculate the indicators of dynamics, each subsequent level of the series is compared with the previous one. The most important statistical indicator of the dynamics is the absolute growth, which is defined as the difference between the comparison of the two levels of the dynamic’s series in the units of the initial information. The proposed methodological approach to forecasting the military spending of some countries of the world based on the analysis of their dynamics makes it possible to obtain a qualitative picture that characterizes the attitude of the state to its own security, and also allows us to fairly reliably predict the volume of defense spending in countries with a stable economy. Further research will be related to the study of internal and external factors affecting the level of military spending in certain countries of the world.</p> Oleh Semenenkо Liliia Semenenko Victoriia Koverga Iryna Chernyshova Tetiana Sovhiria Alevtina Getman Copyright (c) 2021 Journal of Scientific Papers «Social development and Security» 2021-04-28 2021-04-28 11 2 152 177 10.33445/sds.2021.11.2.15 Analysis of international experience in organizing the system of armaments and military equipment public procurement http://paperssds.eu/index.php/JSPSDS/article/view/317 <p>The experience of organizing the system of armaments and military equipment public procurement in the USA, Great Britain, France, Germany. These are states to have a modern leading highly developed defense industry and are active participants in the world arms market. The general characteristics of the arms procurement system, features of the legal framework construction for the organization of public procurement, parliamentary and public control over them, ways to identify suppliers, sustainable trends in simplification and flexibility of public procurement systems, and measures to support state producers (suppliers) of goods, works, services.</p> Ivan Tkach Vladimir Syniavskyi Eugene Yakovchuk Mikhail Rudy Vladimir Korchytsky Roman Sergienko Copyright (c) 2021 Journal of Scientific Papers «Social development and Security» 2021-04-30 2021-04-30 11 2 178 197 10.33445/sds.2021.11.2.16 Financing the Ministry of Defense of Ukraine as a factor to impact for the system of resource provision http://paperssds.eu/index.php/JSPSDS/article/view/318 <p>The article is of interest to scientists and managers who are concerned with the comprehensive provision of Ukraine's defense needs. In the context of the armed aggression of the Russian Federation in eastern Ukraine and the temporary annexation of the Autonomous Republic of Crimea, ensuring the urgent needs of Ukraine's defense is the highest priority of state policy. Ukraine's integration into the European space and its efforts to gain long-awaited NATO membership require a review and improvement of Ukraine's national security mechanisms, including resource provision. The key issue of the article is the analysis of the dynamics of expenditures from the state budget for the needs of the Ministry of Defense of Ukraine in the context of ongoing aggression by the Russian Federation and the directions of their use. An integral aspect in the process of studying this topic was the analysis of costs for the development, purchase, modernization and repair of weapons, military equipment, tools, equipment and the dynamics of expenditures for the maintenance of the Armed Forces of Ukraine. The dynamics of nominal GDP indicators to the need for defense expenditures is also presented. The minimum steps for improvement of the existing mechanism of financial maintenance of needs of a defense, defense-industrial complex, and creation of effective system of management in the crisis period are offered. The analysis conducted in the article allowed to identify the existing gaps in the budget process, which is manifested in the variability of the approved allocation plans in which constant changes are made, volatile indicators of expenditures. The key issues in the context of the study are the long-term economic and political crisis and the long-term fight against corruption.</p> Evgeniy Volkov Anatolii Loishyn Copyright (c) 2021 Journal of Scientific Papers «Social development and Security» 2021-04-30 2021-04-30 11 2 198 208 10.33445/sds.2021.11.2.17 Recommendations for application of the methodological approach to the military-economic justification of the choice of a rational variant of the reconnaissance-strike system or complex in the programs (plans) http://paperssds.eu/index.php/JSPSDS/article/view/319 <p>The state of the domestic economy and the level of implementation of modern technologies at the enterprises of the military-industrial complex make it problematic to fulfill all plans for the rearmament of the Armed Forces of Ukraine in a timely manner. Therefore, the most acceptable, both from a military and from an economic point of view, is the approach of situational integration of available forces and assets into target systems in a single information space by integrating reconnaissance, control and destruction assets. A reconnaissance and strike system, built of a multitude of subsystems united by information relations, which function as a whole, on the basis of uniform principles and rules, with agreed basic requirements for their components, which will increase the effectiveness of the combat use of troops due to a synergistic effect. Today, the integration of various forces and assets into target systems creates the preconditions for the existence of several possible variants of these systems, which have different assessments of the effectiveness of their use, the cost indicators of their creation, maintenance and use, as well as different time intervals for bringing them to combat readiness. Therefore, the system of indicators and criteria for evaluating and comparing various options for reconnaissance and strike systems or complexes, as well as existing approaches to justifying the choice of a rational option for these systems or complexes should have an integral criterion for choosing a priority option in the current situation. Therefore, the authors in the article proposed a general structure for constructing a methodological approach to a military-economic justification for the choice of a rational version of a reconnaissance-strike system or complex, taking into account military, economic and temporary factors that contribute to their creation, content and application, and also formed a complete structural and logical scheme of the proposed approach. In turn, the proposed methodological approach makes it possible to formulate basic recommendations on the procedure for its application in the headquarters, services of the Armed Forces of Ukraine in the formation of programs and plans for the development of weapons and military equipment of the Armed Forces of Ukraine and the Armed Forces of Ukraine as a whole.</p> Oleh Semenenkо Artem Remez Vladimir Musienko Ivan Motrunych Andrii Bulhakov Oleh Tarasov Copyright (c) 2021 Journal of Scientific Papers «Social development and Security» 2021-04-30 2021-04-30 11 2 209 221 10.33445/sds.2021.11.2.18 The role and place of automation and informatization systems in the development of the potential of the security and defense sector http://paperssds.eu/index.php/JSPSDS/article/view/321 <p>The article is of interest to specialists in the field of military management, who study the development of automation systems of the armed forces and automated control systems. The aim of the article is to study the trends in the development of automation and informatization in the defense sector of the world and the existing market of information systems.</p> <p>In the process of achieving the goal of the study the following methods of scientific knowledge were used: analysis, synthesis, induction, deduction, comparison, system approach.</p> <p>The article shows the relevance of the development of automation and informatization systems in the defense sector. The experience of the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation in the implementation of these approaches is presented and the critical need for the introduction of information systems in the Armed Forces of Ukraine, which should deter armed aggression by the Russian Federation, is emphasized. Analysis of global market trends information systems that must meet the defense needs country of the world.. In connection with the development of technology, improvement of old and creation of new models of armaments and military equipment (unmanned systems, space technology, network-centric approach to building a command and control system, artificial intelligence, etc.), the use of which is not possible without modern information systems. the importance of their introduction in the Armed Forces of Ukraine in order to prevent backwardness from world trends in the competitive struggle of the world's armies. These issues are especially important against the background of the war with Russia and Ukraine's integration with NATO member countries, which are at the forefront of technological innovation in the world.</p> Mykola Tkach Sergey Yasenko Ruslan Boyko Dmytro Drynov Copyright (c) 2021 Journal of Scientific Papers «Social development and Security» 2021-04-30 2021-04-30 11 2 222 230 10.33445/sds.2021.11.2.19 Recommendations for the organization and conduct of individual training of officers of the tactical aviation brigade http://paperssds.eu/index.php/JSPSDS/article/view/322 <p>The fulfillment of the tasks of tactical aviation in the anti-terrorist operation and the joint forces operation in the east of the state pointed out a number of shortcomings in the combat training system of the Armed Forces of Ukraine.</p> <p>One of the main shortcomings of the existing system of combat training is the imperfection of the individual training of officers and its readiness to ensure the acquisition of the required level of individual abilities of the officer corps to carry out tasks as intended.</p> <p>Based on the basic principles of officers' individual training and using the analysis of the results obtained through the use of an improved scientific and methodological apparatus for assessing the effectiveness of combat training, substantiated recommendations for organizing and conducting individual training of tactical aviation brigade officers.</p> <p>The proposed recommendations will further improve the individual training of tactical aviation brigade officers.</p> Serhii Piekhota Volodymyr Kurban Copyright (c) 2021 Journal of Scientific Papers «Social development and Security» 2021-04-30 2021-04-30 11 2 231 237 10.33445/sds.2021.11.2.20