Journal of Scientific Papers «Social development and Security» Public organization "Ukrainian Scientific Community" en-US Journal of Scientific Papers «Social development and Security» 2522-9842 The main indicators for assessing the level of military danger <p>The article deals with approaches to the choice of indicators of military danger in order to carry out an assessment of threats to the national interests of the state. The attention is focused on the acute need for a careful attitude to the analysis of the dynamics of changes in the military-political situation and the assessment of the level of military danger for Ukraine. It is formulated the necessity of using the scientific approach to the forecast of the level of military danger for Ukraine as a geopolitical player.</p> <p>An overview of existing research and publications of specialists in the national security strategy on the investigation of threats to national interests in the military field has shown that existing approaches are sufficiently developed and informative. In conducted research, military danger is considered as the potential ability of any state (group of states) to use military force to solve interstate political, economic, military, ethnic, religious and other contradictions. And this potential opportunity is constantly threatening the national interests of Ukraine, which can lead to different forms of armed confrontation. At the same time, the ambiguity in certain theoretical positions raises the need to clarify the definition of the most dangerous threats to national interests in the military sphere, and the constant transformations of the theory of military security of the state further complicate the solution of this problem. Therefore, in the interests of deeper formalization of geopolitical processes and taking into account their impact on the level of military danger, the application of the appropriate system of indicators is proposed.</p> <p>To assess the level of military danger for Ukraine, it is proposed to select 17 indicators that can be used together in the procedures for determining the level of military danger to Ukraine by other states. The use of separate values of the relevant indicators of military danger during the prediction of changes in the military-political situation can be used to substantiate the relevant decisions in the bodies of state military management.</p> Spartak Hohoniants Copyright (c) 2019 Journal of Scientific Papers «Social development and Security» 2019-04-30 2019-04-30 9 2 3–13 3–13 10.33445/sds.2019.9.2.1 Human potential and human capital as the main factor of the country's economic potential development <p>One of the main factors influencing the country's economic growth is human potential. The weak social policy of the state, namely, the perfection of the health care system, education, social protection of the population, employment, and the law-enforcement system, leads to negative consequences for the loss of the human potential of the country. In turn, this dynamics is characterized by irreversible losses of human potential as a result of illnesses and the emigration of able-bodied citizens abroad, the loss of "intellectual (intellectual) potential", the refusal of young people to give birth to children due to their low standard of living, and lack of confidence in the future.&nbsp; Losing Ukraine's human potential may in turn slow down economic development in the middle of the country, to the loss of the traditionally high level of human potential of Ukraine and, by weakening the country's overall potential, to the risk of territorial claims of neighboring countries.</p> Mykola Tkach Maryna Kovalska Copyright (c) 2019-04-30 2019-04-30 9 2 14 22 10.33445/sds.2019.9.2.2 Civil-Military Cooperation as a type of social and legal relations in the system of public administration <p>The article is devoted to the study of Civil-Military cooperation in Ukraine and its role and place in the system of public administration. This will provide a real opportunity to follow the stages of development of Civil-Military relations and help to systematize the organizational and legal measures that have been taken to create a modern concept of Civil-Military cooperation.</p> <p>The study aims to define Civil-Military cooperation as a type of social-legal relations in the system of public administration; the analysis of Civil-Military relations, their special features, the limits of their relationship with Civil-Military cooperation, as well as determining the role and place of such relations in the system of public administration.</p> <p>The main method of research is the systematic approach, because by means of identifying key elements of Civil-Military relations, it is possible to combine them into a single system and to further analyze the separate direction of such relations – Civil-Military cooperation, exploring it as a complex object and, at the same time, as an integrated the system.</p> <p>In addition, the systematic approach in the study of Civil-Military cooperation allows building such a system of Civil-Military cooperation of the Armed Forces of Ukraine, which should ensure the fulfillment of the overall strategic goal and achieve a beneficial result from their activities. This is done through the implementation of certain functions by the structural units, communication with other authorities and non-governmental institutions, the use of historical values and achievements, and integration of foreign experience.</p> <p>The concept of «Civil-Military cooperation» is revealed. The analysis of the normative framework, the work of leading scientists combined with the definition of its goals, tasks and principles will contribute to the construction of a perspective model of management of training specialists in Civil-Military cooperation, and thus – to establish an effective and efficient system of Civil-Military cooperation in Ukraine.</p> <p>The situation in the East of Ukraine has shown the need to create an effective system of Civil-Military cooperation. It should include training in the specialty «Civil-Military cooperation». An urgent and extremely important task is to create conditions for the training of specialists in Civil-Military cooperation. The main purpose of the management system for training specialists in Civil-Military cooperation includes the following components: provision of personnel, that is, the Identification of the needs of the Armed Forces in the forces and means of the CIMIC; their effective use, that is, the creating of regular posts (both military and civilian) for the CIMIC specialists; professional and social development of CIMIC specialists, that is, the availability of opportunities for training, career development and social needs and requests.</p> Oksana Beryslavska Copyright (c) 2019-04-30 2019-04-30 9 2 23 36 10.33445/sds.2019.9.2.3 Analysis of factors of external and internal influence on the efficiency of the functioning of the internal control system <p>The article is of interest to internal control specialists who carry out their activities, both within the system of the Ministry of Defense of Ukraine and the Armed Forces of Ukraine, as well as in other bodies of state power, institutions and organizations of any form of ownership. Also, the results of the study will be useful to the audit team as a service that is directly involved in the process of assessing the effectiveness of the functioning of the internal control system. In the article, through review of normative legal documents, an analysis of the formation and functioning of the internal control system, both in the Ministry of Defense of Ukraine and the Armed Forces of Ukraine, as well as in the state as a whole, was conducted. The place and role of internal control in the general system of state internal financial control, in addition to the internal audit and the harmonization unit within the Ministry of Finance of Ukraine, have been established. The role of the main international standards of state internal control in the development of state internal financial control in Ukraine is determined. It is formulated that the system of internal control in the process of its functioning, like any other system, is exposed both by external and internal factors. The list of existing factors influencing the functioning of the internal control system through analysis in three directions is determined: analysis of the guidelines and the main international standards governing the functioning of the internal control system, the analysis of scientific articles, scientific works in the relevant field, interviewing with specialists of internal control of the Ministry of Defense of Ukraine. The above made it possible to distinguish external and internal factors in the context of the problems of this article. Internal and external factors have been investigated in the context of managed and unmanaged factors. The results of this research are the starting point for solving the scientific task of substantiating the scientific and methodical apparatus for assessing the effectiveness of the functioning of the internal control system in the system of the Ministry of Defense of Ukraine and the Armed Forces of Ukraine.</p> Kostyantyn Kustrich Anatolii Loishyn Copyright (c) 2019-04-30 2019-04-30 9 2 37 56 10.33445/sds.2019.9.2.4 Methodical recommendations for conducting an audit of the financial institution of the manager of the lower level <p>The methodological recommendations highlighted in the article will be useful for auditors who carry out audits of financial and economic activity in the system of the Ministry of Defense of Ukraine and other components of the security and defense sector. It is determined that the subject matter of the article is not sufficiently investigated, both from a practical and a theoretical point of view. The article presents a retrospective analysis of the activities of the second-level funds managers in the overall construction of funds managers in the system of the Ministry of Defense of Ukraine and the Armed Forces of Ukraine. The main directions of activity of second level managers are determined. The article analyzes the legislative and regulatory acts regulating the second level manager at both the state and departmental levels. The analysis carried out in the article made it possible to highlight a number of key functions of the financial authority of the second-level funds manager. The article outlines nine areas for conducting an audit, the need for a second-tier administrator in a financial institution and identifies specific areas of verification. Also, the article deals with issues that are to be investigated when assessing the activity of a financial institution of the manager of lower-level funds, which, in its functions, is the organ of provision for subordinate military units, institutions (hereinafter - the manager of lower-level funds), depending on its functions and tasks they are executed. Taking into account the practical experience, the methodical recommendations for conducting a check on the activity of the financial institution of the manager of the lower level funds are presented, and the questions, which according to the authors, are subject to compulsory study, are presented. The substantiated conclusions concerning the necessity of determining a number of other (additional) areas of verification are formulated depending on the peculiarities of functioning of the other financial institution of the second level administrator and the mandatory inclusion in the audits of the overall indicator of the state of financial and economic activity of military units, institutions and organizations, which are in financial security.</p> Ignatenko Andriy Mikhail Lysenko Sergey Mazka Vladimir Mirnenko Vitaliy Begma Copyright (c) 2019-04-30 2019-04-30 9 2 57–68 57–68 10.33445/sds.2019.9.2.5 Formation of base data list and content for determining of the ways for military teams procurement with armament <p>Maintenance of samples of weapons is carried out at the stages of their life cycle and is carried out on the basis of coordination of actions of the customer and the consumer with a wide range of organizations from the main developer to the co-executors, which does not exclude the occurrence of conflict situations. This leads to the problem of implementing the optimal synthesis of such a complex system and does not allow to direct efforts to achieve the extremum of the target function of the system as a whole. Therefore, the emergence of such a problem and the existing conflicts in the process of determining the means of providing arms to military formations is considered as a complex organizational system, and the difficulties of direct solution of the problem of optimal synthesis in this case are related to: the interconnections of a complex system (between systems of the lower level and elements of the system); limited programming abilities; the construction of a mathematical model, etc.; and cause the need to find solutions to this problem.</p> <p>The methods developed at present allow analytically to calculate the technical perfection of the weapons samples that are considered for providing military formations, as investigated when choosing for procurement or development. Such tasks are deterministic, but, considering costs at all stages of the life cycle, there may be stochastic (probable ones) that can be solved by expert methods. At present, the list and content of the source data when choosing ways of providing weapons are not defined at all stages. Thus, having them strictly non-formalized, the statement of the problem of synthesis is carried out under conditions of uncertainty, which in most cases is solved by heuristic methods, which in turn allows elements of subjectivity.</p> <p>Having determined the list and content of the initial data, it is possible to pre-implement the calculations in cost form (strictly mathematical) in the form of expenses, having carried out the projection of expenditures at the stage of the weapon’s life cycle, and such a list to be chosen according to the criterion of the problem of synthesis, while defining the criteria of the restrictions, and to use these data for assessing the quality of this type of weapons and the cost of the stages of their life cycle. Also, in case of incomplete receipt of such data in cost form, with their partial, such an assessment will allow to determine between the corresponding methods when solving the problem of choosing ways of providing arms in the medium term. Even if this method is not analytical, then the relevant statistics will help to reduce the degree of uncertainty and subjectivism when choosing ways to provide armed skills by expert means.</p> Igor Borohvostov Nikolai Bilokur Yevgeny Kolotukhin Ivan Tkach Copyright (c) 2019-04-30 2019-04-30 9 2 69 – 79 69 – 79 10.33445/sds.2019.9.2.6 Analysis of international experience of approaches to set and manage the defence procurement (acquisition) system (the example of the UK ministry of defence) <p>The article analyses the setting and functioning of the system of defence procurement (acquisition) for the United Kingdom's Ministry of Defenсe (MoD of the UK) by analysis of guidance documents regulating the activities of MoD of the UK and the defence procurement (acquisition) system. With the help of the structural-functional method, a hierarchy of governing documents, key participants of the public procurement system (acquisition) for the needs of MoD, their functional interconnections, roles and functions are established. By using a systematic approach, were identified strengths and weaknesses of the mentioned system and established that the formation and functioning of the system of state procurement (acquisition) of military equipment or services is a complex process, which is substantially affected by financial and time constraints, strategic vision and priorities for the development of the industry. The main principles for the most effective organization and functioning of the UK defence procurement system (acquisition) are: application of procedural framework, definition of rules and responsibilities, availability of competition and professional approach to evaluation and verification. Possible ways of efficient use of these principles in modern practice of implementation of the system of state procurement for the needs of the Ministry of Defenсe of Ukraine are suggested in article. For instance, such as: it is considered appropriate to introduce a culture of cost awareness (costing culture), which finds its application in global practice. This will make the process of managing financial resources an integral part of the process of making management decisions on the procurement (acquisitions) of military equipment (weapons, equipment (systems)), etc.</p> Olena Holota Copyright (c) 2019-04-30 2019-04-30 9 2 80 100 10.33445/sds.2019.9.2.7