Journal of Scientific Papers «Social development and Security» <p><strong>Focus and Scope:</strong> national security and its components; economic security of the state and its components; military and economic security; military security and its components; information security; cyber security; technologies for state security; resource potential of foreign states; resource potential of the state; problems of internal audit and internal control for ensuring state security; problems of legislative and legal security of the state; philosophical aspects of the development and functioning of the country's security and defence.</p> Public organization «Ukrainian Scientific Community» en-US Journal of Scientific Papers «Social development and Security» 2522-9842 Information asymmetry, government ownership, and dividends from the building construction from Indonesia <p>This study investigated to examine the relationship between information asymmetry and government ownership to dividend policy. Information asymmetry is measured using bid-ask spreads, while government ownership is measured using the number of government shares divided by the number of outstanding shares multiplied by 100 %. This study uses purposive sampling with a total sample of 9 sub-companies construction and building listed on the Indonesia Stock Exchange (ISE) in 2016-2019. The data used is quantitative data and data sources were taken from the company's annual financial statements. Descriptive statistics and panel data regression are used as data analysis tools. The results showed that information asymmetry has a positive and significant effect on dividend policy, government ownership does not have a significant negative effect on dividend policy, and the interaction of information asymmetry and government ownership moderates the dividend policy.</p> Musdalifah Azis Siti Amalia Dio Caisar Darma Copyright (c) 2020 Journal of Scientific Papers «Social development and Security» 2020-12-31 2020-12-31 10 6 3 8 10.33445/sds.2020.10.6.1 Research of the occupational risk at workplaces of workers with disabilities <p>The social orientation of business is a modern global trend, in which corporations pay more attention to the social, environmental aspects of their activities, trying to reduce the negative influence of business processes on the environment and increase the level of social safety. This approach is implemented including the involvement to the workplaces the representatives of socially vulnerable groups, in particular, people with disabilities, as well as creating appropriate and safe working conditions for all workers at the workplace. At the same time, special attention should be paid to the organization of occupational safety of vulnerable groups, in particular, people with disabilities, which are an extremely important element in improving the effectiveness of the overall safety management system at the enterprise.</p> <p>The scientific article is devoted to the topical issue of improving the level of safety at the workplaces of workers with disabilities by developing methodological frameworks for hazard identification and risk assessment at the enterprise based on the analysis of the international standard DSTU IEC / ISO 31010: 2013, and the Project of carrying out by employer the occupational health and hygiene measures based on a risk-oriented approach. The employer, as the person who is legally responsible for ensuring an adequate level of safety at the workplace, is interested in implementation the effective preventive measures to prevent accidents and occupational diseases, and the risk-based approach is recognized as the most effective way to achieve this goal. The article analyzes the algorithms of the procedure for assessing occupational risks and proposes an approach to grouping risks based on the nature of the influence on the employee, place of origin, as well as environmental impact, which allows adapting the procedure to risk assessment at the workplace of different groups of workers and take into account the different conditions of persons who are directly involved in the production process.</p> Karyna Danova Viktoriya Malysheva Оleg Bogatov Оlha Chencheva Copyright (c) 2020 Journal of Scientific Papers «Social development and Security» 2020-12-31 2020-12-31 10 6 9 18 10.33445/sds.2020.10.6.2 Determination of the working capacity coefficient of the servicemen from the parameters of the proposed model <p>The article builds a mathematical model of preventive maintenance of servicemen using a semi-Markov random process. The exponential law of distribution of time between diseases is chosen as the morbidity model of servicemen. The application of such a law is rightful for servicemen not older than 45 years. A working capacity coefficient is chosen as the criterion for the effectiveness of preventive services for servicemen, and which represents the probability that a serviceman is in working condition at any time. The paper establishes the analytical dependence of the working capacity coefficient, which is proposed, on the parameters of the health care system, namely: the level of morbidity, frequency of dispensary examinations, the probability of applying for medical care in case of illness, the quality of diagnosis of the disease in the sanitary unit and the hospital, the duration of full recovery. The obtained dependences are corresponded to the physical meaning and can be used in practice. The article shows that the working capacity coefficient depends on the frequency of dispensary examinations at different levels of morbidity and on the other fixed parameters of medical care.</p> Volodymyr Mirnenko Oleg Shekera Sergey Pustovoy Peter Yablonsky Mykola Butenko Oleksandr Piavchuk Copyright (c) 2020 Journal of Scientific Papers «Social development and Security» 2020-12-31 2020-12-31 10 6 19 28 10.33445/sds.2020.10.6.3 Comparative analysis of the us ISO and NIST standards on assessing the risk of information leakage in communication systems <p>The reliability of any system was always defined by its level of stability and by availability to have in responsible security persons or specialists’ disposal necessary preventive measures, which are adequate to the threats risks and which are not yielded to easy elimination or demolishing. There was always in the world competition for the information ownership and according to it there was always the rivalry for ability to preserve effectively this ownership from the “outsiders” and much more from competitors.</p> <p>The protective systems are as effective as they include completely all the possible and theoretically probable processes, which are going on within the information system (IS) or can be caused by outside influence, or when they appeared accidentally. Therefore, risk controlling management model for the IS must reflects all the variety of events and also the processes of resources distribution and using. Making the analyses of available for today published works on this occasion it’s possible to come to a conclusion that all of them (standards) contain in themselves a great deal of engaging of methods and tools, which are sufficient for to discharge the setting tasks. But in the information field the life is also going on and appearing of the new risks is inevitable as the necessity to search for the new standard means of counteraction to them. The theme of this article is the comparing analyses of two main standards, which are appealed to create secure conditions in information space for the owners of information and for their working without hindrances within their network, and for their outside partners and consumers.</p> Sergey Salnyk Pavlo Sydorkin Sergey Nesterenko Alexander Zaytcev Mykola Konotopetc Copyright (c) 2020 Journal of Scientific Papers «Social development and Security» 2020-12-31 2020-12-31 10 6 29 39 10.33445/sds.2020.10.6.4 Methods of determining the priority of research projects in the field of development of armament and military equipment <p>The results of the research published in the article will be useful for researchers and logistic support specialists who are involved in creation of samples of armament and military equipment. The article considers the methodology for the selection and assessment of research projects focused on practical use in planning and implementing innovative processes in the development of armament and military equipment. The methodology establishes a general procedure for forming a list of research projects according to their priority (importance), which must be carried out within the framework of the State Defense Order. The methodology is based on quantitative and qualitative analysis of the expected results of research projects and their purpose. To formalize a generalized indicator of the quality of research results, it is proposed to use a point method for ranking alternatives according to a set of basic criteria. The proposed method is distinguished by a high degree of versatility and flexibility, the ability to form a group or groups of experts with different properties. It has a high degree of adaptability to the influence of various factors of the design environment and the ability to integrate with other scientific methods.</p> <p>It is shown that the proposed method of assessing the priority of research work can be used in any other branch of science, as well as at the level of individual scientific organizations, not only to assess planned research work, but also for cross-sectoral comparisons, monitoring efficiency scientific activity. The results of forecasting the implementation of the developed methodology for forming a list of priority projects of research topics indicate an increase in research efficiency, accelerated implementation of scientific developments in practice, optimization of research costs in the field of armament and military equipment.</p> Vadym Lukyanchuk Ivan Nikolaev Pavlo Open’ko Igor Dzeverin Oleh Uhrynovych Copyright (c) 2020 Journal of Scientific Papers «Social development and Security» 2020-12-31 2020-12-31 10 6 40 56 10.33445/sds.2020.10.6.5 The impact of the level of development of education and law on the economic potential of the country <p>The article is of interest to experts in the economic field who study the problems of economic potential of the country. The purpose of the article is to study the patterns in the development of economic potential of the country and its dependence on the degree of development of education, science and law in the state. The set scientific task was solved by comparing the economic development of some countries and the development of their education and law.</p> <p>In the process of achieving the goal of the study, the following methods of scientific knowledge were used: historical analogy, analysis, synthesis, induction, deduction, system approach.</p> <p>The analysis of sources shows that the impact of education and the right to economic development of countries is given great attention to world-renowned economists since the beginning of the XVII century. and ending in the present tense. This scientific work shows that the development of education and its widespread dissemination is a prerequisite for the development of science and liberalization of law, and in the aggregate and a prerequisite for economic development. On the example of such developed world countries as the USA, Great Britain, France, Germany, etc. identified certain factors that contributed to the development of methods of knowledge transfer and development in these countries. An analysis of the ranking of world universities, the world index of justice and economic well-being of some countries.</p> Mykola Tkach Anatolii Loishyn Serhii Kondratiuk Copyright (c) 2020 Journal of Scientific Papers «Social development and Security» 2020-12-31 2020-12-31 10 6 57 66 10.33445/sds.2020.10.6.6 The global context of authoritarian populism as democratic pylon to Fascism, and a tutorial from the Balkans <p>The paper focuses on the political position populism occupies in representative democracies as an inclusionary pylon for fascism, with the analog review of the Balkans and its global security lessons. Populism implies a constant conflict between elite, establishment, alienated structures linked to interests contrary to the public or members of other ethnoreligious backgrounds. Both left and right populism aim at a particular political and social homogeneity. The phenomenon of increased countries with developed democratic institutions and standards with authoritarianism leads to a closed circle of global "legitimate-democratic" violence, in which democratic institutions and standards, human and minority rights, and freedoms will be a danger. The Balkan's lessons in dealing with similar individuals and movements that promote the "cleansing" of Europe and preserving an "identity" artificially tailored to others' hatred are proactivity. The Balkans' (un)-successful fight against the historical forms of right-wing extremism in more current circumstances have become like an overflowing foundation of global right-wing networks. Humankind's great concern stems from the increasingly aggressive foreign policy, xenophobic sentiment, and the growing inclination of the autocratic populist government to stop the transition of violence to democracy in the scientifically-technologically and culturally-spiritually objectively connected global community. Solutions based on opportunism and manipulation do not offer anything concrete that could improve the socio-political-security-economic situation. When a liberal sees that certain elements use coercion to regulate social relations according to their desire, to force the whole of society on acceptable socio-economic behavior, the liberal should feel a personal responsibility to stand up for freedom.</p> Faruk Hadžić Copyright (c) 2020 Journal of Scientific Papers «Social development and Security» 2020-12-31 2020-12-31 10 6 67 77 10.33445/sds.2020.10.6.7 Choice of weapon sample based on fuzzy logic in defense management measures <p>The possibility of improving the capability-based planning process is being investigated in order to minimize the need for weapons and military equipment and to maximize the acquisition of capabilities during their life cycle. Using the theory of fuzzy sets, the assessment of alternative samples of weapons and military equipment is carried out. A fuzzy inference model for determining the usefulness of weapons and military equipment in acquiring opportunities has been developed, based on fuzzy logic. The modeling of alternative models of weapons and military equipment was carried out in terms of costs at the stages of the life cycle “Use” and “Support” using the modern software environment MATLAB. The simulation results provided an opportunity at the planning stage to improve the efficiency of defense resource management using the value of the usefulness of weapons and military equipment. The introduction of the developed model into defense management makes it possible to automatically determine weapons and military equipment without the participation of experts, taking into account the cost of their life cycle and to bring the planning process closer to Euro-Atlantic approaches.</p> Mykola Bilokur Evgen Sidorenko Valeriy Khrebet Ivan Gomola Viktor Hudyma Sergii Kopashynski Copyright (c) 2020 Journal of Scientific Papers «Social development and Security» 2020-12-31 2020-12-31 10 6 78 92 10.33445/sds.2020.10.6.8 Methods of assessing the ability of the national economy to ensure a sufficient level of state military security <p>Today there are many contradictory views on the possibility of assessing the relationship between indicators of the level of military security of the state and indicators of its resource security, which characterize the state of the national economy, but there is no clear consistent approach to this task. Therefore, the method proposed by the authors in the article is a sequence of actions that should allow assessing the level of military security of the state for a certain planned time or period of its formation based on assessments of the state or level of security of various resources and their components. Based on the results of the received practical calculations, practical recommendations and proposals are formed, which will be taken into account for the next planning period of formation of the required level of military security of the state, taking into account assessments of the national economy's ability to provide this level. The methodology is intended for use by specialists of defense planning at the strategic level during medium-term and long-term defense planning, as well as specialists in the economic sphere, who are involved in determining and forecasting the level of military and economic security of the state.</p> <p>Based on the results of using the methodology, it is planned to reasonably determine or clarify the indicators of the required level of development of the national economy in the direction of resource provision of military security of the state at the planned time (period) of assessment during medium and long-term defense planning; to assess the levels of resource capacity of the national economy at a given time of assessment and planning period; reasonably, effectively adjust the indicators of the level of military security of the state and resource security for the components of the national economy for a certain period of time (period); determine the sensitivity of the obtained estimates to possible changes in the input data and characterize the stability of decisions based on the obtained estimates.</p> Oleg Semenenko Ihor Moskalenko Serhiy Seredyuk Olha Romanchenko Ivan Motrunych Viktoriia Koverga Copyright (c) 2020 Journal of Scientific Papers «Social development and Security» 2020-12-31 2020-12-31 10 6 93 106 10.33445/sds.2020.10.6.9 Prerequisites for corporatization and trends of development of enterprises of the defense and industrial complex of Ukraine <p>The article assesses the current state of the defense industry of Ukraine. The indicators of activity are analyzed, the main tendencies of development of the enterprises of SC “Ukroboronprom” are defined. The key directions, reforming of Ukroboronprom, directions of increase of efficiency of activity of subjects of managing of public sector of economy are allocated. To understand the main trends and patterns of development of enterprises of Ukroboronprom, the main indicators of financial and economic activity using the method of quantitative and qualitative comparison based on the “golden rule of enterprise economics” are considered. The study found that the enterprises of Ukroboronprom are characterized by a high level of depreciation of fixed assets of the Concern's enterprises and unstable dynamics of profitability. At the same time, the declining dynamics of profitability and the growth of financial dependence leads to non-compliance with the “golden rule of economics”. According to the analysis, the company's borrowings are formed at the expense of current liabilities and collateral, which is evidence of a rather risky financing structure. This situation is typical for the current state of Ukroboronprom's enterprises, as all producers suffer from a lack of funds. As the analysis showed, there is no effective development strategy at the researched enterprises of Ukroboronprom, the financial planning is mainly carried out at the current level. According to the results of the triage analysis, conditional groups of companies were created in Ukroboronprom: for development, rehabilitation and subordination. The concept of reforming Ukroboronprom considers the process of corporatization of the concern as a basis for transformation, which should ensure the activities of Ukroboronprom, in accordance with OECD best practices. Ukroboronprom has started the process of restructuring defense enterprises managed by the Concern. These are enterprises that will be reorganized or transferred to the management of other public authorities based on the results of the triage analysis. This decision was made by the Concern based on the results of a triage analysis approved by the Concern's Supervisory Board. To implement the corporatization of SC “Ukroboronprom” is created as part of a special fund of the State Budget of Ukraine Trust State Fund for Development of Defense and Industrial Complex of Ukraine. However, the issues concerning the mechanism of financing the development of defense industry enterprises and the institutionalization of the process of corporatization of Ukroboronprom remain unresolved.</p> Svіtlana Bondarenko Anatolii Polishchuk Mykhailo Mosin Copyright (c) 2020 Journal of Scientific Papers «Social development and Security» 2020-12-31 2020-12-31 10 6 107 118 10.33445/sds.2020.10.6.10 System of estimation of losses of the national economy during the of armed conflict <p>The article describes a system of indicators for carrying out a cost estimation of the economic losses of the state that arise as a result of armed conflict. The analysis of literature shows that today different methods are used to assess the loss to the national economy during an armed conflict, each with its own special system of indicators. A system of indicators that will provide an opportunity to establish a connection between state losses during an armed conflict and economic growth of the state does not take place. The aim of the work is to search for a system of indicators that will solve this problematic issue.</p> <p>The article presents the main components of economic losses, to be exact: direct military expenditures of the country, lost income, which depends on the number of the affected population, additional government expenditures of the government, as well as indirect losses of the state that arose with the onset of armed conflict: displaced capital, emigration of skilled workers and lost educational opportunities for future generations. Taking into account all the components of economic losses that arise as a result of an armed conflict has an impact not only on the total amount of losses, but also on the level of economic development of the state. The application of indicators in the proposed system, on the one hand, establishes the connection between economic development of the state and the components of economic losses caused by armed conflict, and, on the other hand, make it possible to carry out an estimation of these losses.</p> <p>For a more reasonable decision-making on the economic development of our state, the proposed system of indicators estimation the loss to the national economy during the period of armed conflict should be used. For the future the application of such a system will allow establishing the connection between calculated losses and economic growth of the state.</p> Konstantin Kharitonov Copyright (c) 2020 Journal of Scientific Papers «Social development and Security» 2020-12-31 2020-12-31 10 6 119 126 10.33445/sds.2020.10.6.11 “Human factor” in the occupational health and safety: causes of the occurrence and ways to minimization <p>The study found that during determining the causes of the occurrence and minimization of the manifestations of the “human factor”, it is advisable to study not individual personal causes that prompted a person to certain dangerous actions (inaction), but general causes inherent in a certain labor society. In order to study the causes of manifestations of the “human factor” and develop ways to minimize them, using a questionnaire survey, 1565 respondents – representatives of labor collectives of Odessa and Odessa region, divided by gender, age and professional characteristics – were interviewed. According to the survey, it is found that the main causes of occurrence the manifestations of the “human factor” are non-compliance with the requirements of occupational health and safety normative legal acts, violation of rules and regulations of instructings by the managers, deliberate violation of occupational health and safety instructions by employees, perfunctory testing employeesʼ knowledge of occupational health and safety, low level of social responsibility of managers and their lack of understanding of the economic benefits from improving the state of occupational health and safety at the enterprise. The main ways to minimization the manifestations of the “human factor” are identified; they are following necessary: the transition of the existing system of compulsory social insurance in Ukraine, which provides for the payment of a single social contribution by the employer, to a system of differential, risk-based approach to determining the size (for each company) of insurance rates, while introducing a system of tariff coefficients “bonus-malus”; reforming the system of higher and professional technical education, by returning the cycle of occupational health and safety disciplines to the status of normative with the establishment of unified, for all educational institutions with appropriate levels of accreditation, standard programs for studying these disciplines, which take into account areas of training (specialties) of future specialists; and also solving the problem of inconsistency of the specialty (professional education) of teachers of educational institutions with professional orientation of the cycle of disciplines of occupational health and safety;&nbsp; general popularization of occupational health and safety in society through information support at the state level, the concept of safe work, etc.</p> Andrii Bochkovskyi Natalia Sapozhnikova Dmytro Nikolaiev Olena Savichevych Copyright (c) 2020 Journal of Scientific Papers «Social development and Security» 2020-12-31 2020-12-31 10 6 127 143 10.33445/sds.2020.10.6.12 The improved method of determining the effectiveness of functioning the tactical aviation in radio lighting support system during operations <p>The article highlights the main provisions of the improved method for assessing the effectiveness of the functioning of the system and radio lighting support of tactical aviation in operations, which allows you to assess the effectiveness of its functioning, taking into account the capabilities of the technical support system for the restoration of radar, radio navigation aids and lighting equipment, the capabilities of aviation units that carry out flight checks of radio navigation aids of the radio lighting system of tactical aviation base aerodromes and the meteorological minimum that it can provide with the composition of the means available, taking into account the conditions under which it is possible to control tactical aviation aircraft in the aerodrome area. In the improved method, the main indicators of the efficiency of the functioning of the radio-lighting technical support system of tactical aviation are applied, the use of which makes it possible to assess its effectiveness according to the correspondence of the numerical value of the level of provision with serviceable standard radar landing systems, instrumental landing systems and lighting equipment to the required value. Moreover, the states in which the radio lighting systems of the tactical aviation base airfields will be located characterize the specific value of the meteorological minimum of the base aerodrome in the operation with which the system is able to ensure the landing of the tactical aviation aircraft with a certain composition of means.</p> Andrii Davydov Copyright (c) 2020 Journal of Scientific Papers «Social development and Security» 2020-12-31 2020-12-31 10 6 144 150 10.33445/sds.2020.10.6.13 Modern challenges and ways of implementation of distance and online forms of foreign language learning in higher military educational institutions <p>Distance learning as a new form of didactic practice has become a crucial test not only for educators, administration, but also for those who study. The article analyzes the main problems facing the effectiveness of the educational process. On the worldwide web, we come across a number of authentic materials, both social and professional, military, as well as tools for processing resources that allow to convert them into quality teaching material. The authors analyze the functionality of the centralized system of electronic educational content Moodle, which connects all participants in the educational process, permitting to establish effective communication between them in a single plane; simultaneously carry out differentiated activities for certain groups of students, as well as effectively monitor the quality of the educational process; develop high-quality systematized educational content in compliance with the requirements for the presentation of information in digital form, adapted to the modern level of digital technologies; to carry out purposeful work to increase the level of competence of the entire teaching staff to master not only digital, but also pedagogical technologies. The article focuses on the importance of using a communicative approach in the system of speech activity, namely, speech communication, the ratio of English and native languages; analysis of the system of speech perception, linguistic interaction, as well as the text as a system of linguistic products in the form of a monologue, dialogue, monologue in dialogue, various types of linguistic expressions and messages, in addition, the study of the process of mastering the English language in combination with the peculiarity of a speaker behavior. Therefore, the introduction of pedagogical technologies of distance learning, in particular in the study of foreign languages, should enable to achieve successful results through indirect communication between teachers and students with the help of resources that exist on the world wide web and are accessible and easy to use by the subjects of the educational process.</p> Denis Kementsev Lilia Semenenkо Susana Pasichnyk Yuri Pashchuk Yuzef Dobrovolsky Copyright (c) 2020 Journal of Scientific Papers «Social development and Security» 2020-12-31 2020-12-31 10 6 151 160 10.33445/sds.2020.10.6.14 Main methodological aspects of assessing the relationship between the defense and economic potential of the state in the framework of forming requirements for its requirements <p>Today, the national interests of Ukraine need the immediate development and implementation of a set of measures to ensure the efficient use of available resources for economic progress, increase and strengthen the defense potential (DP) and military-economic potential (MEP) of the state. Research of problems of estimation and balanced development of MEP of the state is one of the main components of problems of further development of Ukraine as a whole. The authors of the article made an attempt to reveal the essence of the concepts of DP and MEP of the state from the standpoint of military science. The main theoretical aspects of the formation of DP and MEP of the state in the modern conditions of development of the Armed Forces (AF) of Ukraine and Ukraine as a whole will form the basic principles of understanding these concepts and their components, determine their relationship in modern military science, and choose the main directions of research on this topic. The analysis of MEP and especially its active part (military economy) shows that the state of economic support of the Ukrainian Armed Forces currently has significant differences between its needs and the attention paid by the state leadership to its resource provision. One of the main problems of this state of affairs is quite significant uncertainties in the methodological aspects of its interpretation and evaluation. Today, the main tasks of improving the institutional and management mechanism of state leadership for the development of the countryʼs security include the need to modernize the procedures for managing military and economic activities, including military financing systems, pricing of military products and more. But it is possible to implement in the current conditions of development of the Armed Forces of Ukraine and Ukraine as a whole only in the case of improving the existing procedures for assessing the adequacy of MEP and DP of the state for the main components of their operation.</p> Oleg Semenenko Serhii Salkutsan Olha Romanchenko Yevhen Marko Liudmyla Dobrovolska Artem Remez Copyright (c) 2020 Journal of Scientific Papers «Social development and Security» 2020-12-31 2020-12-31 10 6 161 177 10.33445/sds.2020.10.6.15 Non-governmental organizations social-economic security partnership policy <p>The purpose of this article is to present the importance of NGO partnerships within civil society. The idea of partnership has become a megatrend in the modern world, which seems to permeate various areas of social, economic, military and even family life. &nbsp;There are three main values that form the foundation of NGO partnerships in the field of security: trust, cooperation and reciprocity. Building pro-social concepts in the area of security, which will be embedded in a model based on the above-mentioned values. They are a supported search of the literature and practice of the plane for due development of new concepts, but also a place for open minds. It can therefore be concluded that the NGO acts as a bridge in the structure of the socioeconomic security system. Creating and enabling organizations to connect and enable them to achieve specific tasks and goals also creates new conditions for improving partnership networks. The organization of research work for the following text was based on the analysis of legal acts related to the objectives of sustainable development, the literature on the subject and documents resulting from the practice of economic life</p> Aleksander Sapiński Sabina Sanetra-Półgrabi Anna Nastuła Copyright (c) 2021 Journal of Scientific Papers «Social development and Security» 2020-12-31 2020-12-31 10 6 178 183 10.33445/sds.2020.10.6.16