Journal of Scientific Papers «Social development and Security» http://paperssds.eu/index.php/JSPSDS <p><strong>Focus and Scope:</strong> national security and its components; economic security of the state and its components; military and economic security; military security and its components; information security; cyber security; technologies for state security; resource potential of foreign states; resource potential of the state; problems of internal audit and internal control for ensuring state security; problems of legislative and legal security of the state; philosophical aspects of the development and functioning of the country's security and defence.</p> Public organization «Ukrainian Scientific Community» en-US Journal of Scientific Papers «Social development and Security» 2522-9842 Analysis of the experience of the united (interdepartmental) training in the leading countries of the world http://paperssds.eu/index.php/JSPSDS/article/view/253 <p>The use of military units and subdivisions of the Armed Forces of Ukraine together with military formations of other departments in the anti-terrorist operation and in the operation of the joint forces in the east of the state pointed out a number of shortcomings in the preparation of components of the security and defense sector. Training should ensure the acquisition of abilities both independently to carry out tasks as intended and jointly as part of joint forces and tactical groups.</p> <p>The need to introduce new approaches to the training of security and defense forces requires improving the organization of joint (interdepartmental) training.</p> <p>Based on the analysis of the organization of joint (interdepartmental) training, to determine the principal directions of increasing the efficiency of training of units of the security and defense sector of the state.</p> <p>The article highlights the results of the analysis of the organization of joint (interdepartmental) training in the leading countries of the world and aims to disclose the necessary directions for the development of training for the security and defense sector. It will allow you to highlight the main directions, and in the future will allow you to form the necessary recommendations in order to improve the functioning of the combined (interdepartmental) training system.</p> Oleh Havaliukh Volodymyr Kharabara Copyright (c) 2021 Journal of Scientific Papers «Social development and Security» 2021-02-13 2021-02-13 11 1 3 12 10.33445/sds.2021.11.1.1 Analysis of possible methods of increasing the accuracy of medium-caliber rockets by equipping their control systems http://paperssds.eu/index.php/JSPSDS/article/view/279 <p>The article analyzes the known design solutions used to equip unguided aircraft missiles and unguided rockets with control systems in order to improve their accuracy. Possible ways of manning jet ammunition for medium-caliber MLRS with a control system are considered and a constructive solution for its improvement is proposed.</p> <p>The continuation of the escalation of the armed conflict in the east of Ukraine requires the leadership of our state and the Armed Forces of Ukraine to constantly determine further priority areas for increasing the combat capability of military units (subdivisions) of the Armed Forces of Ukraine. Medium-caliber multiple launch rocket systems (MLRS) have repeatedly proved their effectiveness in the conduct of hostilities in various armed conflicts around the world and continue to be one of the main weapons used in the JFO zone. In a hybrid war, subunits armed with medium-caliber MLRS, when targets located in populated areas are hit, cannot compensate for the lack of firing accuracy by increasing the amount of ammunition spent. Effective execution of fire missions under these conditions can be achieved by significantly increasing the accuracy of medium-caliber MLRS ammunition.</p> <p>Analysis of the positive experience of the militarily leading countries of the world in the creation of high-precision ammunition (HPA) can be used in the further development of HPA for medium-caliber MLRS. The use of HPA &nbsp;in conjunction with modernized medium-caliber MLRS will ensure the minimum preparation time for firing and significantly reduce the time they spend in a firing position, which means they will increase their survivability and make the enemy's counter-battery fight less effective.</p> Andriy Vakal Oleg Stepanenko Mykola Dorofeev Copyright (c) 2021 Journal of Scientific Papers «Social development and Security» 2021-02-13 2021-02-13 11 1 13 21 10.33445/sds.2021.11.1.2 Central and Eastern Europe and the Southern Caucasus in the geopolitical concepts of President Lech Kaczyński 2005-2010 http://paperssds.eu/index.php/JSPSDS/article/view/280 <p>Lech Kaczyński's reflections on geopolitical issues were mainly related to the issues connected with the historical location of Poland, and especially the place of Poland and Poles in the pre-partition Poland. On the other hand, in his reflections on foreign policy one can notice observations relating to Poland's geographical location in the area of the Baltic-Black Sea Belt, also from a strategic perspective, far-reaching in relation primarily to Poland's energy resources. Considering the geopolitics, the geographical location was also seen in the context of opportunities and threats for conducting foreign and economic policy, and in such an approach one can notice the specific solutions promoted by President Kaczyński, especially as regards Poland's international activity in the prospect of activity in the post-Soviet area. Especially in the context of Ukraine (in a longer perspective also the Republic of Moldova and the Republic of Belarus) and the Baltic States, with particular emphasis on cooperation with the Republic of Lithuania, as well as cooperation in the Southern Caucasus with the Republic of Azerbaijan, the Republic of Armenia and, above all, Georgia.</p> <p>In the article the author presents both the geopolitical concept of President Lech Kaczyński and the practical elements of its implementation.</p> Patrick Tomaszewski Copyright (c) 2021 Journal of Scientific Papers «Social development and Security» 2021-02-13 2021-02-13 11 1 22 35 10.33445/sds.2021.11.1.3 A systematic review of cost-effective methods of international humanitarian response http://paperssds.eu/index.php/JSPSDS/article/view/273 <p>Humanitarian relief organizations face many challenges due to the increasing number of both natural and man-made disasters such as drought, famine, war, and conflict. According to the United Nations, these challenges will continue to increase because of the risen vulnerability of humanitarian supply chains, especially regarding cost, accuracy, and duration. In this systematic review, we explore methods of lowering the cost of humanitarian responses, more specifically in regard to the education and training of aid workers.</p> Erblin Shehu Sheila Spahiu Copyright (c) 2021 Journal of Scientific Papers «Social development and Security» 2021-02-17 2021-02-17 11 1 36 40 10.33445/sds.2021.11.1.4 Job satisfaction and employee performance – Determination by discipline, organization culture, and competence http://paperssds.eu/index.php/JSPSDS/article/view/266 <p>The existence of HRM requires strategic planning. Regarding HRM development, companies must focus on the sustainability of their systems and practices. The focus of this paper is based on job satisfaction and employee performance, so we limit the determinants of discipline, culture, and competence to that. The method requires in-depth exploration through surveys or direct interviews with respondents with 59 employees at PT Trimanunggal Nugraha Samarinda. Then, the data were processed from a questionnaire instrument and seven hypotheses tested with multivariate analysis or SEM-PLS. There are two stages of presentation, namely assessing the measurement model and the structural model. In the first structure, we find that discipline, organizational culture, and competence have a positive-significant effect on job satisfaction. For the second structure, only one hypothesis can be accepted with the explanation that competence has a positive-significant effect on employee performance. Meanwhile, discipline and job satisfaction have a positive-insignificant effect on employee performance, but organizational culture actually has a negative impact on employee performance because the results are negative-insignificant. The contribution and added value of this empirical study can be used as benchmarks for the right decision-makers such as the main director, special divisions, and planning boards.</p> Agus Rony Katily Zainal Ilmi Siti Amalia Copyright (c) 2021 Journal of Scientific Papers «Social development and Security» 2021-02-17 2021-02-17 11 1 41 51 10.33445/sds.2021.11.1.5 Analysis of the development of mobile maintenance and repair of military vehicles http://paperssds.eu/index.php/JSPSDS/article/view/278 <p>The article analyzes the development of mobile maintenance and repair of military vehicles. An analysis and comparison of the modern fleet of mobile maintenance and repair of military vehicles, which are in service with the Armed Forces of Ukraine, CIS and foreign countries. According to the results of the analysis, it was established that the tactical and technical characteristics of the mobile means of maintenance and repair of the Armed Forces of Ukraine do not provide in modern conditions the effective restoration of military vehicles in full. According to the author, this is due to the increase in the range of samples of military vehicles, which are adopted by the Armed Forces of Ukraine, the moral and physical aging of mobile maintenance and repair. In addition, the existing mobile means of repair and maintenance do not ensure the full implementation of the tasks of restoring military vehicles in the field and during hostilities. The available technological and production equipment of mobile means of maintenance and repair does not correspond to the latest models of modern military vehicles. Based on the above, there is a need to develop recommendations for improving the tactical and technical characteristics of mobile vehicles for the restoration of military vehicles that would ensure their use in various forms and methods of combat, which in turn will ensure full implementation of tasks for the restoration of military vehicles of the Armed Forces of Ukraine, in the field and during hostilities.</p> Igor Kondratyuk Copyright (c) 2021 Journal of Scientific Papers «Social development and Security» 2021-02-18 2021-02-18 11 1 52 69 10.33445/sds.2021.11.1.6 The south Caucasus and NATO’s defence education enhancement programme. The measurement of its effectiveness http://paperssds.eu/index.php/JSPSDS/article/view/281 <p>The aim of this paper is to review NATO’s Defence&nbsp;Education Enhancement Programme (DEEP) and to bring to the fore the measures of effectiveness regarding its implementation and to determine its shortcomings in the South Caucasus region. At the same time, the paper highlights the efforts of the DEEP teams to influence the partner educators through dialogue and encouragement. The authors refer to the best examples considering the measures of effectiveness. Considering the outcomes achieved by the partner nations, they endeavoured to apply Kirkpatrick model for measuring DEEP’s effectiveness in the South Caucasus countries. The paper discusses how they can more effectively address the challenges in their professional military education (PME) through their tailored DEEPs. The paper analyzes the processes that led by the South Caucasus nations, their national interests and what steps still need to be taken to realize their ambitions to be intellectually interoperable with NATO forces.</p> Khayal Iskandarov Piotr Gawliczek Copyright (c) 2021 Journal of Scientific Papers «Social development and Security» 2021-02-20 2021-02-20 11 1 70 79 10.33445/sds.2021.11.1.7 Justification of conceptual approaches to producing energy without energy carrier consumption http://paperssds.eu/index.php/JSPSDS/article/view/282 <p>The article is devoted to solving the problems of providing energy to industrial sectors and objects, vehicles, personal needs of a person and, in general, energy security of future generations of mankind.</p> <p>An analysis of scientific works in this area is carried out and it is determined that the stake is placed on the extraction and use of alternative types of energy, which is not able to meet the ever-increasing needs of mankind.</p> <p>Conceptual approaches to energy production are proposed based on the scientific hypothesis of energy production without the consumption of energy carriers. In this case, traditional thermal, electrical, gravitational, light, sound, wind, hydraulic, biological and other types of energy are only ways of transferring, transporting energy, and not energy itself. Energy is characterized by the values of the vibrational parameters of the radiation waves and the occupied space with a certain energy density.</p> <p>On the basis of these approaches, the fuel is activated, it is energized, that is, the energy efficiency is increased by the heat of the exhaust gases. Depending on the types of fuels and devices where they are used, with the same final result, the consumption of energy carriers can be reduced by 10 - 80%. This ensures complete combustion of each individual fuel component. At the same time, not only energy problems are being solved, but also very complex environmental problems.</p> <p>In the future, it is proposed to substantiate the requirements for devices for converting energy types for these promising engines.</p> Oleh Vorobiov Oleh Uhrynovych Mykola Klontsak Serhii Kondratiuk Copyright (c) 2021 Journal of Scientific Papers «Social development and Security» 2021-02-20 2021-02-20 11 1 80 86 10.33445/sds.2021.11.1.8 Justification of recommendations for the introduction of active coal during the long-term storage of armored weapons http://paperssds.eu/index.php/JSPSDS/article/view/283 <p>The environment is a constant carrier of aggressive corrosive reagents. In general, it includes atmospheric air, which consists of nitrogen, oxygen, hydrogen, carbon dioxide and inert vapors, gases and solids (dust). Almost all components affect the course of corrosion processes. Details of modern machines are made mostly of an alloy of different metals. The use of alloys increases the strength of products, improves their wear and other properties. The main type of destruction of metal products is electrochemical corrosion. For its flow, an electrolyte is needed, which can be formed on the surface of the parts in the form of small drops of atmospheric moisture, as well as anode and cathode sections. Anode and cathode areas on the surface of parts appear not only due to the collision of different materials, but also not the same degree of surface treatment. Almost microgalvanic vapors occur wherever there are drops of moisture on the metal. The most effective protection of machines against corrosion is provided by the formation on the surface of mechanical barrier parts, but in armored vehicles, there are a number of parts that can not be covered with oil, and a number of systems (mainly electronic equipment and optical devices) are very sensitive to atmospheric and cannot be protected by oils. Therefore, found the so-called method of processing the environment. An example of such a method is the sealing of the tank and drying of the air inside with silica gel (SiO2 · 3H2O). Silica gel of MSC and KSM grades (lump and granular) is used to dry the air in the middle, which is a dried silicic acid gel.</p> Serhii Kostiuchenko Viktor Hudyma Anatolii Ostrovskyi Iryna Novikova Copyright (c) 2021 Journal of Scientific Papers «Social development and Security» 2021-02-20 2021-02-20 11 1 87 93 10.33445/sds.2021.11.1.9 Personnel management of the military organizational structure and directions of improving its efficiency http://paperssds.eu/index.php/JSPSDS/article/view/284 <p>The article is devoted to the study of the relationship between the elements of the personnel management system and its impact on improving the capabilities of the military organizational structure. The modern scientific tendencies concerning definition of a management system and questions on increase of its efficiency are considered, the basic problem aspects of questions of personnel management are formed. Defined indicators that are proposed to evaluate the personnel management system, and the procedure for calculating efficiency ratios.</p> Hrygorii Tikhonov Yevhenii Kirilkin Оleh Bodnar Copyright (c) 2021 Journal of Scientific Papers «Social development and Security» 2021-02-21 2021-02-21 11 1 94 99 10.33445/sds.2021.11.1.10 Analysis of troops groupings in modern local wars and armed conflicts http://paperssds.eu/index.php/JSPSDS/article/view/288 <p>The results of the analysis of recent military conflicts convincingly show that the forms and methods of the armed forces application are changing and improving. Scientific and technological progress, the rapid development of information technology, the growing role of high-precision weapons, increasing the effectiveness of intelligence, intensive automation of command and control systems change the nature of modern warfare and are having a steady impact on operational arts, including the need to further improve management theory. In modern military conflicts, new trends in the development of an armed warfare have emerged, which affect the construction of the armed forces, the development of forms and methods of their application. At the same time, there are deviations from the classical views on the military operation execution.</p> <p>The article presents some features of modern conflicts, shows that the main task in modern wars is to gain and maintain information superiority over the enemy through the use of a single information and communication space by the troop’s groupings.</p> Anton Tkachenko Ruslan Cherevko Anton Nykytenko Aleksandr Yvashchuk Copyright (c) 2021 Journal of Scientific Papers «Social development and Security» 2021-02-22 2021-02-22 11 1 100 105 10.33445/sds.2021.11.1.11 Management behavior of indigenous peoples in conserving forest resources http://paperssds.eu/index.php/JSPSDS/article/view/285 <p>The study aims to prove the influence of local wisdom, learning, attitudes on the intentions and behavior of indigenous peoples in behaving sustainably or preserving forest resources in East Kalimantan Province. The population in this study is customary law communities, namely groups of people who have local wisdom in protecting and managing the environment sustainably in the province of East Kalimantan. The purposive sampling method was used to select districts and villages as sample areas, namely the districts of Berau, East Kutai, and West Kutai with a total population of 12,483. The sample of customary law communities was taken using the nonprobability sampling technique, which includes incidental sampling and purposive sampling of 387 indigenous respondents. Subsequently, in-depth interviews were conducted with 11 customary law community leaders as informants to produce more facts, complete the study description of the phenomenon being studied, and strengthen the research analysis. As a result, local wisdom has influenced the intentions and behavior of indigenous and tribal peoples to conserve forest resources. Learning can increase intention and influence community behavior to conserve forest resources. The attitude of the customary law community in supporting the preservation of forest resources has no effect on the intention to conserve forest resources and the stronger the intention to conserve forest resources, the more it will affect the behavior of the customary law community in conserving forest resources. Furthermore, the perception of indigenous and tribal peoples is that they are very supportive of the preservation of forest resources, forests are seen as an inseparable part of life due to their very high dependence on the economy.</p> Rinda Sandayani Karhab Copyright (c) 2021 Journal of Scientific Papers «Social development and Security» 2021-02-23 2021-02-23 11 1 106 116 10.33445/sds.2021.11.1.12 The factors affecting customer satisfaction, competitive advantage, and performance in the MSMEs in the craft industry sector from East Kalimantan Province http://paperssds.eu/index.php/JSPSDS/article/view/276 <p>This study is intended to examine the problems in MSMEs in East Kalimantan. This study uses survey techniques by distributing questionnaires, then the data or information obtained is processed by statistical methods using the PLS Warp software. The data analysis method uses PLS (Partial Least Square). The number of questionnaires distributed as many as 320 respondents according to the number of samples in this study with the process of taking a simple random sampling data. The results showed that: Product innovation had no significant negative effect on customer satisfaction, product quality had a significant positive effect on customer satisfaction, CRM had a significant positive effect on customer satisfaction, product innovation had no significant negative effect on competitive advantage, product quality had a significant positive effect on excellence competitive, CRM has a significant positive effect on competitive advantage, product innovation has a significant positive effect on performance, product quality has a significant positive effect on performance, CRM has no significant positive effect on performance, satisfaction has a significant positive effect on competitive advantage, competitive advantage has a significant positive effect on performance, Satisfaction has a significant positive effect on performance in the Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises, Craft Products Category in East Kalimantan, Indonesia.</p> Risna Nona Suharno Sri Mintarti Yohannes Kuleh Copyright (c) 2021 Journal of Scientific Papers «Social development and Security» 2021-02-23 2021-02-23 11 1 117 130 10.33445/sds.2021.11.1.13 Assessment Of EU’ Economic and Health Response to the Covid-19 Pandemic Within the Framework of Liberal Intergovernmentalism And Neofunctionalism Theoretical Approaches http://paperssds.eu/index.php/JSPSDS/article/view/277 <p>The principle aim of this article is to analyze EU’s response to the covid-19 pandemic within the ambit of measures incorporated to tackle the economic fallout and health-related problems. The article makes use of two important theories of European integration, i.e., liberal intergovernmentalism and neofunctionalism in its explanatory capacity to describe actions taken by both the member states and the supranational institutions in mitigating the adverse effects of the pandemic. The article argues that while no one theory completely explains the European response to the pandemic, both the theories offer different perspectives in how the EU member states reacted, within the power of their national capabilities and the collective response measures initiated at the level of EU supranational institutions.</p> Trivun Sharma Copyright (c) 2021 Journal of Scientific Papers «Social development and Security» 2021-02-25 2021-02-25 11 1 131 144 10.33445/sds.2021.11.1.14 Analysis and systematization of approaches to understanding the concept of “hybrid war” http://paperssds.eu/index.php/JSPSDS/article/view/291 <p>The article summarizes the arguments and counterarguments within the scientific discussion on the phenomenon of hybrid warfare, taking into account the involvement of Ukraine in the Russian Federation in a state of undeclared hybrid war.</p> <p>The studyʼs main objectives are the analysis and systematization of approaches to understanding the nature of hybrid warfare by domestic and foreign scientists, generalization of its key features and formulation of a synthesized definition taking into account the ongoing aggression against Ukraine.</p> <p>Based on the systematization of a wide range of scientific papers and approaches to solving the problem of studying the nature of hybrid warfare, scientists tend to increase the attention of scientists to its study. The urgency of solving this scientific problem in the Ukrainian dimension lies in the direct involvement of Ukraine in the plane of the undeclared war.</p> <p>The issue of hybrid warfare in the article is studied in the following logical sequence: retrospectively analyzed the development, formation and identification of the content of the terms “hybrid war”, “hybrid means of warfare”; the relationship between hybrid warfare, a wide range of its methods and tools; signs of hybrid war in several wars and conflicts are singled out; the tendencies to the regulation of hybrid warfare are analyzed not only in scientific sources, but also in normative-legal documents; approaches to determining the content and nature of hybrid warfare, which are reflected in the publications of domestic scientists, according to which a universal interpretation of the term is formulated, and the idea of its “umbrella” meaning is confirmed. The studyʼs methodological tools were the methods of analysis, synthesis, and systematic approach; the time limits are partially covered by historical events from the Peloponnesian War to the present.</p> <p>The study's object was war in all its manifestations because hybrid warfare is derived from ordinary conventional warfare.</p> <p>The article presents an empirical analysis of approaches to understanding the nature of hybrid warfare, which show the need for further research in the subject area, taking into account recent events in Ukraine.</p> <p>The study results can be useful for scientists and managers who study national security problems, development of the security and defence sector, and defence planning.</p> Anatolii Loishyn Ivan Tkach Mykola Tkach Vitalii Shevchuk Copyright (c) 2021 Journal of Scientific Papers «Social development and Security» 2021-02-26 2021-02-26 11 1 145 162 10.33445/sds.2021.11.1.15 Analysis of trends in the development of science and technologies in the context of implementation of modern management instruments in the process of transformation of the logistics of the armed forces of Ukraine http://paperssds.eu/index.php/JSPSDS/article/view/292 <p>The results of the study can be useful for scientists and managers of all levels, researching and practically dealing with the problems of logistics development not only in the security and defense sector, but also in the public sector as a whole. The systematization of literary sources and approaches to solving the problem of the development of military logistics showed the absence of a clear algorithm for its transformation and development. Based on the results of the study, a number of factors have been identified that negatively affect the development of logistics in the Armed Forces of Ukraine. Also, the article analyzes the general meaning of the logistics of the Ukrainian Armed Forces, approaches to organizing the logistics of NATO member states and formulates issues that require priority solutions. Considerable attention is paid to global trends in the development of science and technology that can be used in modern military logistics. Approaches to the use of modern management tools in the logistics of the Armed Forces of Ukraine are modeled. The requirements for the perspective logistics system of the Armed Forces of Ukraine were determined on the basis of the use of modern management tools with the formulation of the corresponding draft technical specifications for the logistics system.</p> Oleksander Matsko Ivan Havryliuk Copyright (c) 2021 Journal of Scientific Papers «Social development and Security» 2021-02-26 2021-02-26 11 1 163 178 10.33445/sds.2021.11.1.16 Methods of evaluation of efficiency of logistic operations http://paperssds.eu/index.php/JSPSDS/article/view/293 <p>In accordance with the strategic course chosen by Ukraine in the Armed Forces of Ukraine, the transformation of the management system based on the principles of joint leadership of the defense forces must be completed. The main purpose of the transformation is to ensure the maximum efficiency of the use of heterogeneous forces and means of the Armed Forces of Ukraine in the interests of the tasks. One of the components of the transformation is the transition to a logistics system. The introduction of logistical approaches to the management of material resources aims to provide in the shortest possible time with minimal costs and losses of military formations (units) with material means.</p> <p>Therefore, the paper proposes a method for evaluating the effectiveness of logistics operations. The initial data are determined in the method at the first stage.</p> <p>At the second stage, the hierarchy of the logistics system with the subsystems of management bodies, warehouses with material resources, restoration of weapons and military equipment, provision of the material means, transportation, etc. is presented. However, on the example of the subsystem of material support, priority technical means have been identified that will be used to perform logistics operations using the method of analysis of hierarchies.</p> <p>At the third stage, applying the method of the maximum element, rationally distributed forces and means of logistics for the timely provision of military formations with material means.</p> <p>At the fourth stage, to avoid threats that arise on the routes of technical means, taking into account the terrain, road conditions, etc. using the method of dynamic programming determined the rational route of maneuvering technical means during the task.</p> <p>At the fifth stage, using the method of a progressive standard, a comparative analysis and evaluation of technical means involved in the implementation of logistics operations.</p> Vоlodymyr Dachkovskyi Copyright (c) 2021 Journal of Scientific Papers «Social development and Security» 2021-02-26 2021-02-26 11 1 179 196 10.33445/sds.2021.11.1.17 Features of the influence of wars and military conflicts on the national economy of the state http://paperssds.eu/index.php/JSPSDS/article/view/294 <p>The ability of the Armed Forces to fulfill the assigned tasks to protect their own state is regulated by a combination of economic, political, scientific, technical and other factors that are closely related. The readiness of the Armed Forces of Ukraine to solve the assigned tasks largely depends on the quantity and quality of resources allocated to meet military needs, therefore, the formation of a military budget is and will always be an important issue of state security. Today, the leadership of the Armed Forces of Ukraine and the state in general is faced with the problem of finding a rational balance between defense spending and its economic capabilities. This problem is of particular relevance if the country is a party to a military conflict or is in a state of war with another state. Excessive spending on meeting the needs caused by war or military conflict creates difficult conditions for the development of the stateʼs economy and the threat to its destruction in general.</p> <p>Today, Ukraine has experienced overt aggression of another state against itself, which led to the temporary occupation of a part of the territory of Ukraine (Autonomous Republic of Crimea), and the incitement of an international armed conflict in its eastern regions, which lasts more than five years [1-4]. Therefore, now, in the modern conditions of Ukraine's development, the issues of finding optimal indicators of providing financial resources for the security forces and state departments that are involved in fulfilling the tasks of its defense are acquiring special relevance. The ongoing military conflict on the territory of Ukraine requires additional financing of military expenditures. Today, some part of the national economy is forced to work to meet military needs, which are constantly fluctuating and have certain risks of their significant increase in the event of an aggravation of the situation in eastern Ukraine. Possible risks form before the state leadership the need to create additional reserve funds in case of an aggravation of the situation in the conflict, which creates an additional burden on the Ukrainian economy. Therefore, in the conditions of the development of the Armed Forces of Ukraine, which have taken shape today, the analysis and study of the experience of ensuring the participation of other countries in wars and military conflicts of varying intensity is an urgent topic of the present.</p> <p>Today, in accordance with the Decree of the President of Ukraine “On the Concept of Development of the Security and Defense Sector of Ukraine” dated March 4, 2016, one of the main directions of its development of the Armed Forces of Ukraine is to improve the budgetary policy in the security and defense sector through the rational distribution of expenditures on development, combat training and operational activities of the Armed Forces of Ukraine in accordance with the best practices of the NATO member states, as well as the application of a program-targeted approach to determining the amount of financial and material and technical resources required for the effective functioning of the security and defense sector.</p> <p>Today there are a number of problematic issues that must be resolved as quickly as possible for the effective implementation of the plans for the further development and renewal of the Armed Forces of Ukraine. One of these issues is the question of finding the optimal percentage of defense spending from the gross domestic product (GDP) in order to determine the indicators of the sufficiency of their provision and critical levels of tension in the stateʼs economy. The solution to the problem of choosing a rational ratio to meet military needs and an indicator of the tension of the stateʼs economy can be carried out on the basis of the experience of the formation of defense expenditures by countries participating in various wars and conflicts.</p> <p>The article presents the results of a comparative analysis of the defense expenditures of the countries participating in wars and military conflicts of the period (1940-2018), on the basis of which recommendations for meeting defense needs during the state's participation in a war (military conflict) are formed.</p> Oleg Semenenko Lilia Semenenko Iryna Chernyshova Igor Moskalenko Konstantin Kharitonov Victoriia Koverga Copyright (c) 2021 Journal of Scientific Papers «Social development and Security» 2021-02-27 2021-02-27 11 1 197 216 10.33445/sds.2021.11.1.18 Methodical approach to determining the cost of using the armed forces http://paperssds.eu/index.php/JSPSDS/article/view/295 <p>In the Armed Forces of Ukraine, work continues to improve the efficiency of defense planning and management of defense resources. The algorithm of defense planning for the development of the Armed Forces of Ukraine, step by step, uses the results of the analysis of the experience of the leading countries of the world, which have moved from defense planning based on threats to defense planning, focused on the acquisition by troops (forces) of the capabilities necessary to fulfill the tasks assigned to them. The list of tasks of the Armed Forces of Ukraine is determined on the basis of probable scenarios of their use. One of the key points in the effective planning of the use of the Armed Forces according to the corresponding scenario is a real and reasonable determination of the amount of necessary defense resources (human, logistical, financial). At the present stage of transformation of the defense planning system to NATO standards, as well as the application of the planning method based on capabilities in the General Staff of the Armed Forces of Ukraine, it is necessary to improve the existing methodological approaches to determine the needs for defense resources for the use of the Armed Forces of Ukraine according to certain scenarios of their use. Also, an urgent task today is the need to assess the sufficiency of the real economic and temporary capabilities of the state to ensure the use of the Armed Forces for the scenarios of their use determined by it. The general algorithm for assessing the cost of defense resources for the use of the Armed Forces of Ukraine in conflicts of varying intensity should take into account the economic realities of the development of the country's national economy. In the article, the authors proposed their views on improving the existing approaches to calculating the amount of necessary defense resources, the procedure and content of assessing their cost according to the corresponding scenarios for the use of the Armed Forces in order to further assess the economic capabilities of the state to provide them. The main results of the article are the procedure for assessing the cost of fulfilling the tasks assigned to the Armed Forces of Ukraine and the cost of conducting hostilities of varying intensity, as well as the general algorithm for making calculations.</p> Oleg Semenenko Olha Romanchenko Petro Onofriychuk Ivan Motrunych Ivan Skvorok Oleksandr Rakhmaniy Copyright (c) 2021 Journal of Scientific Papers «Social development and Security» 2021-02-28 2021-02-28 11 1 217 228 10.33445/sds.2021.11.1.19 Some aspects of problematic issues in the management of defense resources http://paperssds.eu/index.php/JSPSDS/article/view/296 <p>Since the early 2000s, humanity has gradually entered another active phase of change against the background of changes in social, political, technological nature. In addition, the gap between developed and other countries has widened, accompanied by a gap in the conceptual apparatus due to changes in the very essence of relations, including management (management) in social groups (teams). In order to keep up with international management practices, the article presents the basic principles of standards for the construction and management of resource management processes in NATO member countries (ISO 9000, PMBOK, PRINCE2, etc.). A partial analysis of the defense resources management system in Ukraine was conducted. The process of resource management in the Ministry of Defense of Ukraine (MOU) and the Armed Forces of Ukraine (AFU) as the main state bodies in the field of defense and resource management is considered. Deficiencies in the resource management system have been identified and certain proposals have been made to improve the defense resources management process.</p> Alexey Postnikov Sergey Yasenko Dmytro Drynov Copyright (c) 2021 Journal of Scientific Papers «Social development and Security» 2021-02-28 2021-02-28 11 1 229 236 10.33445/sds.2021.11.1.20