Journal of Scientific Papers «Social development and Security» http://paperssds.eu/index.php/JSPSDS <p><strong>Focus and Scope:</strong> national security and its components; economic security of the state and its components; military and economic security; military security and its components; information security; cyber security; technologies for state security; resource potential of foreign states; civil security; resource potential of the state; problems of internal audit and internal control for ensuring state security; problems of legislative and legal security of the state; philosophical aspects of the development and functioning of the country's security and defence.</p> Public organization «Ukrainian Scientific Community» en-US Journal of Scientific Papers «Social development and Security» 2522-9842 <p>The authors agree with the following conditions:</p> <p>1. Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication (<a href="https://paperssds.eu/downloads/authors_agreement_en.doc"><strong>Download agreement</strong></a>) with the work simultaneously licensed under a&nbsp;<a href="http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/" target="_new">Creative Commons Attribution License</a>&nbsp;that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgment of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.</p> <p>2. Authors have the right to complete individual additional agreements for the non-exclusive spreading of the journal’s published version of the work (for example, to post work in the electronic repository of the institution or to publish it as part of a monograph), with the reference to the first publication of the work in this journal.</p> <p>3. Journal’s politics allows and encourages the placement on the Internet (for example, in the repositories of institutions, personal websites,&nbsp;<a href="https://www.ssrn.com/en/" target="_blank" rel="noopener">SSRN</a>,&nbsp;<a href="https://www.researchgate.net/" target="_blank" rel="noopener">ResearchGate</a>,&nbsp;<a href="https://mpra.ub.uni-muenchen.de/" target="_blank" rel="noopener">MPRA</a>,&nbsp;<a href="https://www.gesis.org/ssoar/home/" target="_blank" rel="noopener">SSOAR</a>, etc.) manuscript of the work by the authors, before and during the process of viewing it by this journal, because it can lead to a productive research discussion and positively affect the efficiency and dynamics of citing the published work (see&nbsp;<a href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4837983/" target="_blank" rel="noopener">The Effect of Open Access</a>).</p> Analysis of generations of wars according to the concepts of technological and wave development of society http://paperssds.eu/index.php/JSPSDS/article/view/435 <p><strong>Purpose:</strong> the purpose of the article is to analyze and generalize scientific thought on the structuring of generations of wars in military science to study the historical ways of economic support of wars for certain generations.</p> <p><strong>Design/Method/Approach:</strong> to achieve the goal of the study, its decomposition was carried out and the following was investigated: definition of the concept of “war”, the phenomenon of modern war is characterized by shifting the emphasis in its conduct from military to non-military instruments (hybrid war); the main approaches to the structuring of wars are analyzed and an analogy is made in accordance with the concepts of technological and wave development of society; graphically systematized approach to the historical periodization of generations of wars according to the concepts of technological and wave development of society.</p> <p><strong>Findings:</strong> the article analyzes the generations of wars in terms of concepts of technological and wave development of society.</p> <p><strong>Theoretical implications:</strong> according to the results of the research, the existing theory of military economics has been improved in the context of actualizing the relationship of generations of wars with the concepts of technological and wave development of society. This makes it possible to study individual wars in the context of each generation in terms of ways of their economic support.</p> <p><strong>Practical implications</strong><strong>:</strong> the results of the study are the starting point for the improvement and development of the theory of military economics, taking into account the current development of economic processes, scientific and technological progress and the structure of society. The research initiates the solution of the scientific problem of developing a promising concept of resource provision for defense needs and improving the theory of military economics, based on the study of historical methods of economic support of wars.</p> <p><strong>Originality/Value: </strong>the value of the study lies in its practical significance for further research in the direction of developing a promising concept of resource provision for defense needs and improving certain provisions of the theory of military economics.</p> <p><strong>Research limitations/Future research</strong>: a limitation of the study is the use of publicly available sources. Future research is seen in the study of historical ways of economic support of wars after the wars singled out by US Lind within the proposed concept, as well as taking into account recent wars (military conflicts) (Russian-Ukrainian War, 24.02.2022).</p> Anatolii Loishyn Copyright (c) 2022 Anatolii Loishyn https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2022-04-04 2022-04-04 12 2 1 13 10.33445/sds.2022.12.2.1 A Strategic Air Operation as one of the possible instruments in a hybrid war between the Russian Federation against Ukraine http://paperssds.eu/index.php/JSPSDS/article/view/425 <p>The article considers possible options for conducting a hybrid war of the Russian Federation against Ukraine. The analysis of the existing basic concepts of dysfunction of the state system is carried out. Possible options for the influence of the Russian Federation to achieve a political goal in various areas (domains) are identified based on the concepts of strategic paralysis and operation based on effects The article analyses the main factors determining the operating environment conditions in which the Air Force of the Armed Forces of Ukraine will operate. There are analysed modern forces of air attack, means of air defence, tendencies of their development, application, and influence on the present and future operating environment. The threat of conducting combined information and strategic air operation as an effective tool for achieving the political goals of the Russian Federation in Ukraine is substantiated</p> Volodymyr Horbenko Olena Korshets Copyright (c) 2022 Olena Korshets, Volodymyr Horbenko https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2022-04-05 2022-04-05 12 2 14 30 10.33445/sds.2022.12.2.2 Forecast of economic consequences of the first stage of the Russian-Ukrainian war for Russia http://paperssds.eu/index.php/JSPSDS/article/view/434 <p><strong>Purpose:</strong> on the basis of statistics on losses and expenses of Russia in the Russian-Ukrainian war to predict the possible consequences for the Russian economy for different durations of the active phase of hostilities in Ukraine, taking into account the effects of economic sanctions against Russia imposed on the world for attacking Ukraine.</p> <p><strong>Design/Method/Approach:</strong> the main research methods are methods of statistical analysis, military-economic analysis, expert survey and forecasting methods.</p> <p><strong>&nbsp;</strong><strong>Findings:</strong> statistical information was collected and an analysis of Russia's losses and expenses during the 38 days of the Russian-Ukrainian war was conducted; On the basis of the obtained results, the possible consequences for the Russian economy for different periods of the war were predicted, and the views on the further development of events for Russia and Ukraine were determined..</p> <p><strong>Theoretical implications:</strong> the main result of research on the subject of the article is an assessment of the state of Russia's economy over the duration of the war.</p> <p><strong>Paper type:</strong> descriptive and calculation-analytical.</p> Oleh Semenenko Yuzef Dobrovolskyi Victoriia Koverga Serhii Mytchenko Ivan Motrunych Maria Yarmolchyk Copyright (c) 2022 Oleh Semenenko, Yuzef Dobrovolskyi, Victoriia Koverga , Serhii Mytchenko, Ivan Motrunych, Maria Yarmolchyk https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2022-04-04 2022-04-04 12 2 31 43 10.33445/sds.2022.12.2.3 Substantiation of recommendations on ensuring energy security of the state to increase the level of military security and stability of the national economy http://paperssds.eu/index.php/JSPSDS/article/view/437 <p><strong>Purpose:</strong> to substantiate the recommendations on ensuring the energy security of the state to increase national (military) security.</p> <p><strong>&nbsp;</strong><strong>Design/Method/Approach:</strong> by the method of investment analysis of the components of the energy sector, determination of critical parameters and development of ways to overcome them (leveling).</p> <p><strong>Practical implications</strong>: the proposed recommendations can be used in the development of program documents on the development of the energy sector of the state, identifying ways to combat negative external and internal factors. The proposed recommendations will: improve the situation in the energy sector, in particular as a result of hostilities; reduce the vulnerability of the energy sector to external and internal factors; will be able to make the processes taking place in the energy sector more manageable; to increase the general level of national and military security of the state, in the part that depends on energy security; to develop recommendations to the state leadership on early response to threats in the energy sector.</p> <p><strong>&nbsp;</strong><strong>Papertype:</strong> theoretical.</p> Alexey Solomitsky Oleh Semenenko Petro Onofriichuk Marina Slyusarenko Roman Pekuliak Maksym Hrechanyi Copyright (c) 2022 Alexey Solomitsky, Oleh Semenenko, Petro Onofriichuk, Marina Slyusarenko, Roman Pekuliak, Maksym Hrechanyi https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2022-04-22 2022-04-22 12 2 44 56 10.33445/sds.2022.12.2.4 Organizational and legal aspects of accounting for charitable contributions in the Ukrainian armed forces under martial law http://paperssds.eu/index.php/JSPSDS/article/view/438 <p><strong>Purpose:</strong> development of practical recommendations for reducing the risks of misuse of charitable assistance in military units based on a study of organizational and legal aspects of accounting for charitable donations in martial law.</p> <p><strong>&nbsp;</strong><strong>Design/Method/Approach:</strong> the study was conducted using the following general and special methods: the method of analysis and synthesis in their systematic combination during the study of official documents of the national legal framework; statistical methods in the study of charitable indicators; abstract-logical method – for the formulation of theoretical generalizations and conclusions of the study. The work was done personally by the author.</p> <p><strong>Findings:</strong> the article investigates the organizational and legal aspects of accounting for charitable donations in the Armed Forces of Ukraine under martial law. It is defined that the aid is charitable in case of simultaneous observance of voluntariness, purposefulness and disinterestedness criteria. It is established that the charitable assistance, in order to provide financial needs of national defence of the state, is rendered at the expense of charitable donations of individuals and legal entities, can be carried out both individually and collectively by gratuitous transfer of funds and/or property in kind. The article emphasizes the risks of misuse of charitable donations in kind because of the contradictory norms of the current legislation.</p> <p><strong>Theoretical</strong> <strong>implications:</strong> the expediency of defining at the normative level the military formationʼs authority to establish by intradepartmental normative-legal acts the norms of receiving, using, accounting and reporting concerning charitable assistance, taking into account the specifics of these processes in the conditions of combat operations, was substantiated.</p> <p><strong>Practical implications</strong>: consists in the development and formulation of system generalizations and specific proposals for improving the system of accounting and control of the movement of charitable donations in the Armed Forces of Ukraine.</p> <p><strong>Papertype:</strong> scientific and practical.</p> Antonina Voloshenko Copyright (c) 2022 Antonina Voloshenko https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2022-04-22 2022-04-22 12 2 57 63 10.33445/sds.2022.12.2.5 The influence of air environment properties on the solution of applied problems of capturing speech information in the open terrain http://paperssds.eu/index.php/JSPSDS/article/view/415 <p><strong>Purpose:</strong> based on the systematization of the characteristics of the propagation of acoustic waves depending on the different conditions of the air environment, their influence on the solution of applied problems of capturing speech information in the open area is shown, and the prompt rapid account of these factors in solving applied problems is proposed.</p> <p><strong>Design/Method/Approach:</strong> in performing this work, methods of analyzing the properties of wave processes, methods of describing acoustic fields, systematization and generalization of data and knowledge, methods of transforming complex systems were used.</p> <p><strong>Findings:</strong> the speed of sound propagation in the atmosphere, which is the primary acoustic characteristic of the air environment, entirely depends on the parameters of this environment (atmospheric pressure, air temperature, humidity, as well as the presence of additional impurities) is investigated. The vertical distribution of the speed of sound in the surface layers of the atmosphere ultimately determines the propagation of acoustic waves and their distortion - refraction. The concept of the factor of an anomaly of air environment and its account in the decision of applied problems of removing the speech information is considered.</p> <p><strong>Theoretical</strong> <strong>implications:</strong> is that the complex calculations of the factor of the anomaly of the air environment to obtain the expected range of detection of acoustic signals can be defined as the product of the value of the energy range of detection on the value of the coefficient of environmental influence in the surface atmosphere.</p> <p><strong>Papertype:</strong> scientific and practical.</p> Olena Azarenko Yulia Honcharenko Mykhailo Divizinyuk Volodymyr Mirnenko Valeriy Strilets Jacek Lukasz Wilk-Jakubowski Copyright (c) 2022 Olena Azarenko, Yulia Honcharenko, Mykhailo Divizinyuk, Volodymyr Mirnenko, Valeriy Strilets, Jacek Lukasz Wilk-Jakubowski https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2022-04-30 2022-04-30 12 2 64 77 10.33445/sds.2022.12.2.6 On assessing Ukraineʼs economic losses due to Russian aggression and forecasting their impact on the state of its national economy and the level of military and economic security (February-April 2022) http://paperssds.eu/index.php/JSPSDS/article/view/444 <p><strong>Purpose:</strong> is to analyze the dynamics of economic losses (losses) of the national economy of Ukraine due to the Russian-Ukrainian war with further determination of their content and structure, as well as to determine approaches to estimating their total value in order to include them in reparations to Russia to compensate losses, and forecasting their impact on the state of the national economy and the level of military and economic security of Ukraine.</p> <p><strong>Design/Method/Approach:</strong> the main research methods are methods of statistical analysis, military-economic analysis, expert survey and forecasting methods.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p><strong>Findings:</strong> an analysis of the dynamics of losses of Ukraine as a result of the Russian-Ukrainian war, based on which the forecasting of their impact on the state of the national economy and the level of military and economic security of Ukraine.</p> <p><strong>Theoretical</strong> <strong>implications:</strong> the main results of research on the subject of the article are estimates of economic losses of Ukraine for the first three months of the war on the basis of which forecasting their impact on the national economy of Ukraine and the level of its military and economic security during different periods of the war.</p> <p><strong>Papertype:</strong> descriptive and calculation-analytical.</p> Oleh Semenenko Iryna Chernyshova Olha Taran Illia Kaplia Volodimir Musienko Tetiana Poberezhec Copyright (c) 2022 Oleh Semenenko, Iryna Chernyshova, Olha Taran, Illia Kaplia, Volodimir Musienko, Tetiana Poberezhec https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2022-04-30 2022-04-30 12 2 78 91 10.33445/sds.2022.12.2.7