http://paperssds.eu/index.php/JSPSDS/issue/feed Journal of Scientific Papers «Social development and Security» 2020-05-24T19:32:31+03:00 Ivan tkachivan9@gmail.com Open Journal Systems <p><strong>Focus and Scope:</strong> national security and its components; economic security of the state and its components; military and economic security; military security and its components; information security; cyber security; technologies for state security; resource potential of foreign states; resource potential of the state; problems of internal audit and internal control for ensuring state security; problems of legislative and legal security of the state; philosophical aspects of the development and functioning of the country's security and defence.</p> http://paperssds.eu/index.php/JSPSDS/article/view/184 Dilemmas related to the functioning and growth of Darknet and the Onion Router network 2020-05-17T21:48:21+03:00 Anna Nastuła k.anna.nastula@gmail.com <p>It is inevitable that the rules for using various sources of information in cyberspace keep changing. We are still searching for the best possible form. A form that would, on the one hand, provide us with reliable material, and on the other hand guarantee utmost security and ensure that our interests or any exchange of correspondence or opinion will not be seized by unauthorised individuals or even used against us. In order to meet such needs and expectations, Darknet has been created, in particular TOR network (The Onion Router). The starting point for this paper was the history and principles of TOR, as well as the issue of anonymity and payments with cryptocurrencies. In the further part of the article there is a discussion on the positive and negative opportunities that TOR offers. The paper ends with an indication of possible directions for further work and elaboration.</p> 2020-04-30T22:14:09+03:00 Copyright (c) 2020 Journal of Scientific Papers «Social development and Security» http://paperssds.eu/index.php/JSPSDS/article/view/197 Analysis of the ways of improvement of Ukraine – NATO cooperation on cybersecurity issues 2020-05-01T15:41:48+03:00 Volodymyr Shypovskyi vladimir.shipovsky@gmail.com Volodymyr Cherneha chevn1980@gmail.com Serhiy Marchenkov marchenkov1978@ukr.net <p>Recent events in Ukraine have shown that, along with the advancement of information technology, methods of conducting modern warfare are being enhanced. Cyberspace is deliberately used by the Russian Federation to commit cyber warfare against Ukraine. Therefore, in order to address their influence effectively, it is important not only successfully deal with its consequences but also to foresee the potential adversaryʼs actions by analyzing their previous operations&nbsp;and incorporating the lessons learned by other&nbsp;countries.</p> <p>Across the globe, including Ukraine, the issue of information security and cyberattacks has become exceedingly urgent. Everybody is aware of the ongoing attacks on information networks of various government agencies and energy firms, cyberattacks on e-mail networks of political parties and organizations around the world. Likewise, despite the steadily growing numbers, cyberattack cases against the individuals and private businesses are not reported as widely as they occur.</p> <p>As a result, The North Atlantic Alliance countries began tackling the issue of cyberthreats much earlier than Ukraine. Consequently, NATO and its allies rely on powerful and robust cyber defenses to ensure the Alliance's core tasks of collective defense.</p> <p>The article discusses methods and strategies for providing cyber defense in NATO member states and recommends ways to increase the level of protection in the state's cyber space, as part of Ukraineʼs national security and defense domain.</p> 2020-04-30T23:14:32+03:00 Copyright (c) 2020 Journal of Scientific Papers «Social development and Security» http://paperssds.eu/index.php/JSPSDS/article/view/198 Challenges of NATO aspıratıon: the dıscrepancy between rhetorıc and realıty 2020-05-01T15:41:48+03:00 Khayal Iskandarov xayal1333@gmail.com Piotr Gawliczek pgawliczek@gmail.com <p>The Russo-Georgia war in 2008 and the conflict in Ukraine in 2014 galvanized the countries, which are namely squeezed between NATO and Russia into considering their strategies again. The paper examines Russia’s efforts to maintain its influence in its “near abroad” in the face of NATO’s enlargement. It principally focuses on identifying the challenges particular countries face as obstacles to NATO accession. The arguments raised in the paper prove that, the primary reasons of Russia-Georgia War and Ukraine conflict are associated with these countries’ NATO aspiration. An argument regarding the Alliance’s reluctance to actively engage in partner nations is also presented.</p> <p>The objective of the study is to consider the repercussions of NATO aspiration and introduce the real prospects of cooperation with NATO. The research methods primarily used in the book are comparative analysis and synthesis.</p> 2020-04-30T00:00:00+03:00 Copyright (c) 2020 Journal of Scientific Papers «Social development and Security» http://paperssds.eu/index.php/JSPSDS/article/view/199 The method of the optimization of material flows for functioning of the recovery system 2020-05-01T15:41:49+03:00 Vоlodymyr Dachkovskyi 1903vova@ukr.net <p>To solve the problem of timely provision of military formations (units) with the logistical means (LM), the method of optimization of material flows is proposed in the work. To implement this method, the system of the material flows management, storage and transportation of the logistical means is divided into strategic, operational and tactical levels of the hierarchy, whereby the highest management body has access to the entire management system and database and the lower one only within its responsibility. At each level of the hierarchy, an automated control system is created, which includes subsystems with normative data (set standards of storage of the logistical means, norms of variability of the corresponding nomenclature of spare parts, norms of the working time of samples of weapons and military equipment (WME) to the appropriate type of maintenance and repair, etc.). In the next stage, the accounting of records of the WME samples and the actual availability of the logistical means, which have arrived to the logistics centers of the strategic level, the distribution centers of the operational level and the warehouses of the military formations (units) is entered to the automated control system.</p> <p>During the exploitation of WME samples, the information of the actual consumption of their resource is provided to the automated real-time management system. After that, the automated system compares the actual consumption of the resource of the WME samples with the established standards, which are laid down in the technical documentation and orders, regulations, directives, etc. by the Ministry of Defense and the General Staff. When the time is coming to dispatch the WME sample to the appropriate type of maintenance or repair, the automated system having the logistical means account at all levels of the hierarchy determines at which storage the logistical means data is located and paves the optimal route for their transportation to units or to the warehouses of the lower level of hierarchy.</p> <p>Thus, the use of this method allows to determine the unit in which the appropriate sample of the WME will require maintenance or repair, to determine the necessary nomenclature of logistical means, to provide this unit in advance with the necessary logistical means, which will reduce the time and cost of resources to provide the logistical means to the military formations (units).</p> 2020-04-30T00:00:00+03:00 Copyright (c) 2020 Journal of Scientific Papers «Social development and Security» http://paperssds.eu/index.php/JSPSDS/article/view/200 Methodical approach to the assessment of the level of threats to civilians in the case of the use of small arms on unmanned aerial vehicles 2020-05-01T15:41:49+03:00 Volodymyr Mirnenko mirnenkovi@gmail.com Sergii Novichenko novichenko_s@ukr.net Oleksandr Doska doskaleks@gmail.com Pavlo Openʹko pavel.openko@ukr.net Oleksandr Avramenko savram1977@gmail.com <p>The results of the research published in the article will be useful for leaders of all levels of military personnel responsible for ensuring the safety of civilians in the use of weapons. The article discusses a methodical approach to assessing the level of threats to civilians in the case of unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs). Analyzed existing documents regulating the use of small arms, it was found that the issue of safety of civilians in the firing of air targets they were not considered, which allowed to determine the unresolved scientific problem, which is to form a methodological approach to assessing the level of threats to civilians in the case of use small arms on UAV. The scientific substantiation of the probability of accidental hit of a bullet into a person, located at a certain distance from the arrow when firing on UAV, is offered. As an indicator of assessing the level of threats to civilians in the use of small arms under the UAV, the use of the indicator “the probability of accidentally hitting a bullet into a person” is justified. The method of estimation of threats to the civilian population which is based on imitation modeling of process of flight of a ball in a vertical plane, the basis of which is the algorithm of determination of probability of accidental hit of a ball into a person, which allows, depending on kinetic energy of a ball, to calculate probability of accidental and accidental probability. The calculated ratios are presented, which allow, depending on the kinetic energy of the ball, to calculate the probability of accidental killing and the probability of accidentally injuring a person.</p> <p>Using the capabilities of simulation it is proposed to set the probability of human damage, depending on the angles of the shot, which will justify the restrictions during firing of UAVs with small arms.</p> <p>On the basis of the proposed methodological approach, the directions of further researches on determination of the probability of accidental hit of a bullet in a person during firing of regular weapons of calibers from 5,45 mm and 12,7 mm on air targets of the UAV type will be determined, which will allow to take measures to ensure a minimum level of threats civilians.</p> 2020-04-30T00:00:00+03:00 Copyright (c) 2020 Journal of Scientific Papers «Social development and Security» http://paperssds.eu/index.php/JSPSDS/article/view/191 Raising of the labor protection level and improving the international labour organization methodology for the occupational hazards assessing 2020-05-01T15:41:49+03:00 Bohdan Tsymbal tsembalbogdan@ukr.net Yuriy Dreval tsembalbogdan@ukr.net Dmytro Shapovalov kafedrales@ukr.net Dmytro Shapovalov tsembalbogdan@ukr.net Maksym Shapovalov tsembalbogdan@ukr.net <p>This work presents an analysis of the existing methods for the occupational hazards assessing. A matrix for assessing the occupational hazard rate has been developed and the International Labour Organization methodology for the occupational hazard assessing has been improved. Five levels of the consequences severity, five levels of the probability of harm to the employee and the hazard rate from the minimum value of 1 (discarded hazard) to the maximum – of 10 (critical hazard) have been developed. In order to determine the hazard rate caused by any physical, chemical and biological danger factors, the frequency of accidents, the deficiencies in ergonomics and any psychological overloads, some criteria for the matrices were developed. The consequences of the harm caused may be: minor, light, medium, severe and catastrophic. The improved methodology makes it possible to take into account the catastrophic consequences, that can occur during an emergency, such as fire, explosion, accident, disaster, etc. The probability of the occupational hazards may be: XS – from “eXtra Small” – very little, S – from “Small” – little, M – from “Medium” - middle-sized, L – from “Large” – big, XL – from “eXtra Large” – very big and XXL – from “eXtra Large” – very-very big. The improved methodology defines the following: the discarded, insignificant, small, moderate, acceptable, admissible, significant, unacceptable, maximum and the critical hazard. The improved methodology for the occupational hazard assessing was tested at а dairy plant. The adequacy and the accuracy of the results of determining the occupational hazard rate of the improved methodology in comparison with the results of the existing one have been established. Some occupational hazard management measures were proposed and implemented for raising of the labor protection level.</p> 2020-04-30T00:00:00+03:00 Copyright (c) 2020 Journal of Scientific Papers «Social development and Security» http://paperssds.eu/index.php/JSPSDS/article/view/195 Improving psychosocial competences of security manager - case study analysis 2020-05-01T15:41:49+03:00 Aleksander Sapiński olek.sapinski@interia.pl Sabina Sanetra-Półgrabi sab_san@poczta.onet.pl Stanisław Ciupka stanislaw.ciupka@op.pl <p>In today's world, it is essential that each member of the management team, especially in such a specific area as safety, that psychosocial competences play a key role in the success of a particular undertaking, and even for the entire career of a person. Selected issues of social psychology related to the work of a safety manager are nowadays the basis for creating plans to educate such a specialist. This is mainly due to the fact that every manager works not with artificial intelligence, but with living people. In the case of a security manager, it should be added that in unpredictable situations. The article in the post-research part has a practical character. The development of efficient mechanisms based on sociopsychological proposals can, to a large extent, as in the case study indicated, increase the effectiveness of both the work and the team.</p> 2020-04-30T00:00:00+03:00 Copyright (c) 2020 Journal of Scientific Papers «Social development and Security» http://paperssds.eu/index.php/JSPSDS/article/view/201 The Key Indicators of Probable Corruption Risks in Critical Areas of Military Activity (Ukrainian Experience) 2020-05-18T20:31:20+03:00 Olena Holota golota_l@ukr.net Marina Barynina maryna.barynina@ukr.net Oleksandr Tytkovskyi tytkovskyi@ukr.net <p>Using the approach of identifying ʽred flags’, the article analyses the most vulnerable areas of military activity such as defence procurement (acquisition); use of defence lands; housing provision for military personnel and their families; state defence enterprise activity; and use of fuel, to recognise the corruption risks and the consequences of improper activities in these areas for the Ministry of Defence and the Armed Forces.</p> 2020-04-30T00:00:00+03:00 Copyright (c) 2020 Journal of Scientific Papers «Social development and Security» http://paperssds.eu/index.php/JSPSDS/article/view/202 Transformation of public administration in digital conditions: world experience, prospects of Ukraine 2020-05-24T19:32:31+03:00 Svіtlana Bondarenko lana.bond@ukr.net Iryna Liganenko ir-vit-lig@ukr.net Viktoriya Mykytenko vmikitenko@ukr.net <p>The purpose of the article is to highlight the main aspects of the transformation of public administration in the context of digitalization. It is established that digitalization is not a new model of public administration. It is proved that digital technologies as a tool for implementing the strategy of modernization of public administration, determine the main directions of change. It is proved that in the conditions of digital economy there is a transformation of the concept of public administration – in service. Digital transformation leads to a radical change in approaches to the organization of government with the use of digital technologies and algorithms. Digital technologies create opportunities for a completely different type of interaction between participants – in online communication. The basis for this nature of interaction is platform. To analyze the concept of digital transformation in public administration, the main stages of digitization are identified: digitization of processes, in which the introduction of traditional digital technologies to improve the efficiency of government, data management; e-government, which involves the introduction of digital technologies, especially based on the use of the Internet, to improve public administration; digital government, in which the latest generation of digital technologies (such as the Internet of Things, artificial intelligence, predictive analytics) allow to take into account the preferences of users in shaping the composition of services provided and the procedures associated with their receipt. A study of the main trends in the digitalization of the economy and public administration of Ukraine. Peculiarities of digitalization and transformation of public administration of the world are considered. Ukraine has developed “Concept for the development of the digital economy and society of Ukraine for 2018-2020” (Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine, 2018). However, according to the results of the analysis, Ukraine has a low level of readiness for digitalization. In the UN ranking of e-government development in 2018, Ukraine ranked 82 nd. Ukraine is characterized by an insufficient level of infrastructural support for public administration transformation. Thus, the coverage of high-quality Internet communication does not cover the entire territory of Ukraine and, as a result, reduces the rate of development of the digital economy. The analysis of the most successful countries of the world showed that the level of digitalization is directly dependent on the level of economic development of the country, infrastructure. The transformation of public administration in the context of digitalization will affect, first of all, the quality of public administration services, improving communication, reducing the cost of maintaining public administration, additional opportunities for businesses and citizens to receive services.</p> 2020-04-30T00:00:00+03:00 Copyright (c) 2020 Journal of Scientific Papers «Social development and Security» http://paperssds.eu/index.php/JSPSDS/article/view/203 Project approach in an anti-crisis management system of financial sustainability of industrial enterprise 2020-05-24T18:12:03+03:00 Svіtlana Bondarenko lana.bond@ukr.net Olena Makoveieva makoveeva.e@ukr.net <p>The main aspects of the project approach in the system of crisis management of financial stability of an industrial enterprise are considered in the article. Definitely main factors and signs of the crisis based on the diagnosis of indicators of the financial condition of the industrial enterprise. It is established that the assessment of financial stability is one of the priority tasks in the diagnosis of crisis enterprises, the condition of which is characterized by an increased probability of bankruptcy. The forecast value of the coefficient of financial stability, which can be used to develop a financial strategy of the enterprise or corrective anti-crisis management decisions, is determined. The article proposes a method of implementing a project approach in crisis management of the enterprise. In anti-crisis management of financial stability it is expedient to apply the project approach that will give the chance to implement measures for achievement of the concrete purpose, to coordinate actions of all divisions of the enterprise; to forecast in time and in expenses the project decision of a crisis situation according to the set criteria of quality of performance of works. In addition, the project approach has all the features of the crisis management system: a team of specialists is formed to perform the tasks of crisis management; strategies for increasing the competitiveness of the enterprise are developed; optimal ways (options) of realization of system of anti-crisis measures for the purpose of increase of stability of functioning of the enterprise are made. The advantages of the project approach in crisis management of financial stability are: assessment of the current state of the enterprise; use of the company's own resources in order to reduce the cost of implementing a system of anti-crisis measures; clear delineation and definition of personal (team) responsibilities and powers; systematic approaches to determining the phenomena and factors of the crisis, as well as to the development and implementation of anti-crisis programs, due to the involvement of specialists and managers of different levels and areas of activity, in accordance with the sources of threats; increasing control over the expenditure of funds and resources aimed at anti-crisis measures, the introduction of methods for their more effective use; more effective use of the time factor in the analysis of the situation and the implementation of anti-crisis measures; qualitative increase of the level of systems and methods of internal communications. The result of this approach should be overcoming the crisis (with the subsequent transition to operational management of the organization), assessing the effectiveness of crisis measures (actions, projects) and, if necessary, the introduction of a permanent monitoring system for crisis phenomena in the organization. introduction of methods of their more effective use; more effective use of the time factor in the analysis of the situation and the implementation of anti-crisis measures; qualitative increase of the level of systems and methods of internal communications. The result of this approach should be overcoming the crisis (with the subsequent transition to operational management of the organization), assessing the effectiveness of crisis measures (actions, projects) and, if necessary, the introduction of a permanent monitoring system for crisis phenomena in the organization. introduction of methods of their more effective use; more effective use of the time factor in the analysis of the situation and the implementation of anti-crisis measures; qualitative increase of the level of systems and methods of internal communications. The result of this approach should be overcoming the crisis (with the subsequent transition to operational management of the organization), assessing the effectiveness of crisis measures (actions, projects) and, if necessary, the introduction of a permanent monitoring system for crisis phenomena in the organization.</p> 2020-04-30T00:00:00+03:00 Copyright (c) 2020 Journal of Scientific Papers «Social development and Security»